Intrinsic value of Kinaxis Inc. - KXS

Previous Close

$74.66

  Intrinsic Value

$19.65

stock screener

  Rating & Target

str. sell

-74%

Previous close

$74.66

 
Intrinsic value

$19.65

 
Up/down potential

-74%

 
Rating

str. sell

*Intrinsic value change (in %) minus stock price change (in %) in the past 12 months.

We calculate the intrinsic value of KXS stock by summing up the current values of future distributable cash flows generated by the company and dividing the sum by the number of outstanding shares. As such, the intrinsic value calculation depends entirely on projections. The more accurate your projections of the company's performance are - the more reliable is the intrinsic value calculation result. Please make sure to check the stock valuation input data below and adjust it if necessary. The quality of the output (intrinsic valuation result) is only as good as the quality of the input. See also DISCLAIMERS.

STOCK VALUATION INPUT DATA

Revenue (in 2016), $M
Initial revenue growth rate, %
Terminal revenue growth rate, %
Revenue decline factor
Initial discount rate, %
Discount rate multiplier
Variable cost ratio, %
Fixed operating expenses, $M
Interest rate on debt, %
Effective corporate tax rate, %
Production assets / Revenue, %
Life of production assets, yrs
Working capital / Revenue, %
Revenue / Adjusted assets
Adjusted equity ratio
Cash flow adjustment, % of Revenue
Book value of equity, $M
Shares outstanding, mln
Market capitalization, $bln 1.9

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FORECAST and PRESENT VALUE CALCULATION

Fiscal year
2016(a)
   2017
   2018
   2019
   2020
   2021
   2022
   2023
   2024
   2025
   2026
   2027
   2028
   2029
   2030
   2031
   2032
   2033
   2034
   2035
   2036
   2037
   2038
   2039
   2040
   2041
   2042
   2043
   2044
   2045
   2046

INCOME STATEMENT

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue growth rate, %
  27.64
  12.50
  11.75
  11.08
  10.47
  9.92
  9.43
  8.99
  8.59
  8.23
  7.91
  7.62
  7.35
  7.12
  6.91
  6.72
  6.54
  6.39
  6.25
  6.13
  6.01
  5.91
  5.82
  5.74
  5.66
  5.60
  5.54
  5.48
  5.44
  5.39
  5.35
Revenue, $m
  157
  177
  197
  219
  242
  266
  291
  317
  345
  373
  403
  433
  465
  498
  533
  568
  606
  644
  685
  727
  770
  816
  863
  913
  964
  1,018
  1,075
  1,134
  1,195
  1,260
  1,327
Variable operating expenses, $m
 
  131
  146
  162
  179
  197
  215
  235
  255
  276
  298
  320
  344
  368
  394
  420
  448
  476
  506
  537
  569
  603
  638
  675
  713
  753
  794
  838
  883
  931
  981
Fixed operating expenses, $m
 
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Total operating expenses, $m
  132
  131
  146
  162
  179
  197
  215
  235
  255
  276
  298
  320
  344
  368
  394
  420
  448
  476
  506
  537
  569
  603
  638
  675
  713
  753
  794
  838
  883
  931
  981
Operating income, $m
  24
  46
  52
  57
  63
  69
  76
  83
  90
  97
  105
  113
  121
  130
  139
  148
  158
  168
  179
  190
  201
  213
  225
  238
  252
  266
  281
  296
  312
  329
  346
EBITDA, $m
  27
  49
  55
  61
  67
  74
  81
  88
  95
  103
  112
  120
  129
  138
  148
  157
  168
  178
  190
  201
  213
  226
  239
  253
  267
  282
  298
  314
  331
  349
  368
Interest expense (income), $m
  0
  0
  -2
  -2
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  0
  0
  0
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  2
  3
  3
  4
  4
  5
  5
  6
  6
  7
  7
  8
  9
  9
  10
Earnings before tax, $m
  24
  46
  53
  59
  65
  71
  77
  83
  90
  97
  105
  113
  120
  129
  137
  146
  156
  165
  175
  186
  197
  208
  220
  233
  246
  259
  273
  288
  304
  320
  337
Tax expense, $m
  9
  12
  14
  16
  17
  19
  21
  23
  24
  26
  28
  30
  33
  35
  37
  40
  42
  45
  47
  50
  53
  56
  59
  63
  66
  70
  74
  78
  82
  86
  91
Net income, $m
  15
  34
  39
  43
  47
  52
  56
  61
  66
  71
  77
  82
  88
  94
  100
  107
  114
  121
  128
  136
  144
  152
  161
  170
  179
  189
  200
  210
  222
  233
  246

BALANCE SHEET

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and short-term investments, $m
  173
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Total assets, $m
  227
  61
  68
  75
  83
  92
  100
  109
  119
  128
  139
  149
  160
  171
  183
  196
  208
  222
  236
  250
  265
  281
  297
  314
  332
  350
  370
  390
  411
  433
  457
Adjusted assets (=assets-cash), $m
  54
  61
  68
  75
  83
  92
  100
  109
  119
  128
  139
  149
  160
  171
  183
  196
  208
  222
  236
  250
  265
  281
  297
  314
  332
  350
  370
  390
  411
  433
  457
Revenue / Adjusted assets
  2.907
  2.902
  2.897
  2.920
  2.916
  2.891
  2.910
  2.908
  2.899
  2.914
  2.899
  2.906
  2.906
  2.912
  2.913
  2.898
  2.913
  2.901
  2.903
  2.908
  2.906
  2.904
  2.906
  2.908
  2.904
  2.909
  2.905
  2.908
  2.908
  2.910
  2.904
Average production assets, $m
  13
  14
  16
  18
  19
  21
  23
  25
  28
  30
  32
  35
  37
  40
  43
  45
  48
  52
  55
  58
  62
  65
  69
  73
  77
  81
  86
  91
  96
  101
  106
Working capital, $m
  124
  -55
  -62
  -68
  -76
  -83
  -91
  -99
  -108
  -116
  -126
  -135
  -145
  -155
  -166
  -177
  -189
  -201
  -214
  -227
  -240
  -255
  -269
  -285
  -301
  -318
  -335
  -354
  -373
  -393
  -414
Total debt, $m
  0
  -53
  -47
  -40
  -33
  -26
  -18
  -10
  -1
  8
  17
  26
  36
  46
  57
  68
  80
  91
  104
  117
  130
  145
  159
  175
  191
  207
  225
  243
  262
  282
  303
Total liabilities, $m
  109
  55
  61
  68
  75
  82
  90
  98
  107
  116
  125
  134
  144
  154
  165
  176
  188
  199
  212
  225
  238
  253
  267
  283
  299
  315
  333
  351
  370
  390
  411
Total equity, $m
  119
  6
  7
  8
  8
  9
  10
  11
  12
  13
  14
  15
  16
  17
  18
  20
  21
  22
  24
  25
  26
  28
  30
  31
  33
  35
  37
  39
  41
  43
  46
Total liabilities and equity, $m
  228
  61
  68
  76
  83
  91
  100
  109
  119
  129
  139
  149
  160
  171
  183
  196
  209
  221
  236
  250
  264
  281
  297
  314
  332
  350
  370
  390
  411
  433
  457
Debt-to-equity ratio
  0.000
  -8.780
  -6.910
  -5.320
  -3.960
  -2.790
  -1.780
  -0.890
  -0.110
  0.590
  1.200
  1.750
  2.250
  2.700
  3.110
  3.480
  3.820
  4.130
  4.410
  4.680
  4.920
  5.150
  5.360
  5.560
  5.740
  5.920
  6.080
  6.230
  6.370
  6.510
  6.630
Adjusted equity ratio
  -1.000
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100

CASH FLOW

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income, $m
  15
  34
  39
  43
  47
  52
  56
  61
  66
  71
  77
  82
  88
  94
  100
  107
  114
  121
  128
  136
  144
  152
  161
  170
  179
  189
  200
  210
  222
  233
  246
Depreciation, amort., depletion, $m
  3
  3
  3
  4
  4
  4
  5
  5
  6
  6
  6
  7
  7
  8
  9
  9
  10
  10
  11
  12
  12
  13
  14
  15
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
Funds from operations, $m
  44
  36
  42
  46
  51
  56
  61
  66
  71
  77
  83
  89
  95
  102
  109
  116
  123
  131
  139
  147
  156
  165
  175
  184
  195
  205
  217
  228
  241
  254
  267
Change in working capital, $m
  2
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -7
  -8
  -8
  -9
  -9
  -9
  -10
  -10
  -10
  -11
  -11
  -12
  -12
  -13
  -13
  -14
  -14
  -15
  -15
  -16
  -17
  -18
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
Cash from operations, $m
  42
  43
  49
  53
  58
  63
  69
  74
  80
  86
  92
  99
  105
  112
  120
  127
  135
  143
  152
  160
  170
  179
  189
  200
  211
  222
  234
  247
  260
  274
  288
Maintenance CAPEX, $m
  0
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -8
  -9
  -9
  -10
  -10
  -11
  -12
  -12
  -13
  -14
  -15
  -15
  -16
  -17
  -18
  -19
  -20
New CAPEX, $m
  -8
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
Cash from investing activities, $m
  -8
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -8
  -8
  -8
  -10
  -10
  -11
  -12
  -12
  -13
  -13
  -14
  -15
  -16
  -17
  -18
  -19
  -19
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
Free cash flow, $m
  34
  38
  44
  48
  53
  58
  62
  67
  73
  78
  84
  90
  96
  102
  109
  116
  123
  130
  138
  146
  155
  163
  173
  182
  192
  203
  213
  225
  237
  249
  262
Issuance/(repayment) of debt, $m
  0
  -53
  6
  7
  7
  7
  8
  8
  8
  9
  9
  9
  10
  10
  11
  11
  12
  12
  12
  13
  14
  14
  15
  15
  16
  17
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
Issuance/(repurchase) of shares, $m
  4
  26
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash from financing (excl. dividends), $m  
  4
  -27
  6
  7
  7
  7
  8
  8
  8
  9
  9
  9
  10
  10
  11
  11
  12
  12
  12
  13
  14
  14
  15
  15
  16
  17
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
Total cash flow (excl. dividends), $m
  39
  12
  51
  55
  60
  65
  70
  76
  81
  87
  93
  99
  106
  112
  119
  127
  134
  142
  151
  159
  168
  177
  187
  197
  208
  219
  231
  243
  256
  269
  283
Retained Cash Flow (-), $m
  -30
  -60
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
Prev. year cash balance distribution, $m
 
  173
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash flow adjustment, $m
 
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash available for distribution, $m
 
  125
  50
  54
  59
  64
  69
  75
  80
  86
  92
  98
  105
  111
  118
  126
  133
  141
  149
  158
  167
  176
  186
  196
  206
  217
  229
  241
  254
  267
  281
Discount rate, %
 
  4.30
  4.52
  4.74
  4.98
  5.23
  5.49
  5.76
  6.05
  6.35
  6.67
  7.00
  7.35
  7.72
  8.11
  8.51
  8.94
  9.39
  9.86
  10.35
  10.87
  11.41
  11.98
  12.58
  13.21
  13.87
  14.56
  15.29
  16.05
  16.86
  17.70
PV of cash for distribution, $m
 
  119
  46
  47
  49
  50
  50
  50
  50
  49
  48
  47
  45
  42
  40
  37
  34
  31
  27
  24
  21
  18
  15
  13
  11
  8
  7
  5
  4
  3
  2
Current shareholders' claim on cash, %
  100
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
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Kinaxis Inc. is a provider of cloud-based subscription software for supply chain operations. The Company offers RapidResponse as a collection of cloud-based configurable applications. The Company's RapidResponse product provides supply chain planning and analytics capabilities that create the foundation for managing multiple, interconnected supply chain management processes, including demand planning, supply planning, inventory management, order fulfillment and capacity planning. The Company's customers include companies in various industries, including high technology and electronics; aerospace and defense; life sciences and pharmaceuticals; industrial, and automotive. Its sales and operations planning solutions include demand planning, aggregate supply planning, capacity planning (constraints), inventory planning and optimization, and inventory management. The Company's supply chain management applications include capacity planning, order fulfillment and supplier collaboration.

FINANCIAL RATIOS  of  Kinaxis Inc. (KXS)

Valuation Ratios
P/E Ratio 124.1
Price to Sales 11.9
Price to Book 15.6
Price to Tangible Book
Price to Cash Flow 44.3
Price to Free Cash Flow 54.8
Growth Rates
Sales Growth Rate 27.6%
Sales - 3 Yr. Growth Rate %
EPS Growth Rate %
EPS - 3 Yr. Growth Rate %
Capital Spending Gr. Rate 33.3%
Cap. Spend. - 3 Yr. Gr. Rate 32%
Financial Strength
Quick Ratio NaN
Current Ratio 0
LT Debt to Equity 0%
Total Debt to Equity 0%
Interest Coverage 0
Management Effectiveness
Return On Assets 7.5%
Ret/ On Assets - 3 Yr. Avg. 6.3%
Return On Total Capital 14.4%
Ret/ On T. Cap. - 3 Yr. Avg. 12.3%
Return On Equity 14.4%
Return On Equity - 3 Yr. Avg. 12.3%
Asset Turnover 0.8
Profitability Ratios
Gross Margin 68.8%
Gross Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 70.6%
EBITDA Margin 17.2%
EBITDA Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 17.8%
Operating Margin 15.9%
Oper. Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 19.9%
Pre-Tax Margin 15.3%
Pre-Tax Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 15.6%
Net Profit Margin 9.6%
Net Profit Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 7.8%
Effective Tax Rate 37.5%
Eff/ Tax Rate - 3 Yr. Avg. 60.9%
Payout Ratio 0%

KXS stock valuation input parameters

Revenue. Company's revenue (or sales) is always the starting point of any cash flow forecast. In the KXS stock intrinsic value calculation we used $157 million for the last fiscal year's total revenue generated by Kinaxis Inc.. The default revenue input number comes from 2016 income statement of Kinaxis Inc.. You may change it if you feel that it should be adjusted for some unusual circumstances that are not expected to be repeated in the future or if you already know (from interim financial statements, for example) that this year's revenue is going to be quite different.

Revenue growth rate. Forecasted future revenue growth rate is the most important input parameter for the intrinsic value calculation. Unlike other input parameters that are reasonably expected to be in line with their historic averages or their historic trends, the revenue growth rate by and large is a wild card: nobody really knows what the company's revenue will be in the future. Of course, the level of unpredictability is different for different industries (utility companies being the most predictable and, thus, less risky).
    We use three input parameters to forecast the revenue growth rate in our KXS stock valuation model: a) initial revenue growth rate of 12.5% whose default value is the revenue growth rate in the most recent quarter compared to the quarterly revenue a year ago; b) terminal revenue growth rate of 5% whose default value is chosen to be close to the average nominal (i.e. not adjusted for inflation) GDP growth rate; and c) revenue decline factor of 0.9, which stipulates that revenue growth rate in each forecasted year will be equal to the difference of the revenue growth rate in the preceding year and the terminal revenue growth rate multiplied by this revenue decline factor (with the passage of time the revenue growth rate will be approaching the terminal revenue growth rate, but not quite reaching it - though the difference could be infinitesimally small).
    At the revenue decline factor of 1, the future revenue growth rate is forecasted to be constant and equal to the initial revenue growth rate. The smaller the revenue decline factor, the faster the revenue growth rate will approach the terminal revenue growth.

Discount rate. The discount rate is used for determining the present value of future cash flows: future cash flows are "discounted" as at normal conditions (that translate into positive expected return on investment) one dollar today is worth more than the same dollar in the future. Unlike all other valuation models, we use variable discount rate, i.e. it increases for each consecutive year. This is done to account for higher risk of cash flows coming in further in the future.
    The initial discount rate of 4.3%, whose default value for KXS is calculated based on our internal credit rating of Kinaxis Inc., is applied to the cash flow expected to be received a year from now (well, actually, to be precise, in the financial year following the base year - the last year for which we have financial statements). For each consecutive year the discount rate is multiplied by the discount rate multiplier of 1.05, e.i. each year it increases by 5%. Feel free to change this number to correspond to your level of risk assessment of Kinaxis Inc..
    By the way, it is easy to set the discount rate to be constant (this would make comparison with other valuation models easier): just set the discount rate multiplier equal to 1 and chose the magnitude of the initial discount rate to your liking.

Variable cost ratio is the ratio of variable costs (i.e. costs that fluctuate with fluctuation of the volume of production) to the revenue expressed as a percentage. In the calculation of intrinsic value of KXS stock the variable cost ratio is equal to 73.9%.

Fixed operating expenses is just that - expenses that are not dependant on the volume of production. They are set to $0 million in the base year in the intrinsic value calculation for KXS stock. These expenses increase with the level of inflation in subsequent years.

Interest rate on debt is the average all-in rate of interest paid by the company on its debt. It is set at 3.5% for Kinaxis Inc..

Corporate tax rate of 27% is the nominal tax rate for Kinaxis Inc.. In reality, companies find ways to pay much less taxes than that or not to pay them at all.

Cash flow adjustment could be used for any adjustment the investor deems necessary. Most commonly we use this field to account for stock options-related effects in excess of what is reported on the company's income statement. The cash flow adjustment is expressed as a percentage of the revenue, and in the current valuation of the KXS stock is equal to 0%.

Production assets are the company's assets used for manufacturing products or provision of services. In the valuation model input table they are expressed as a percentage of revenue and for KXS are equal to 8%.

Life of production assets of 4.2 years is the average useful life of capital assets used in Kinaxis Inc. operations. It is used to calculate yearly capital expenditures needed to keep these assets in good order - we call it the maintenance CAPEX.

Working capital is the difference between the company's current assets and liabilities. In the model we use the ratio of working capital to revenue, which for KXS is equal to -31.2%. A negative number means that the company is apt at using financial resources of its suppliers and customers; a large positive number, on the other hand, means that it either provides in-kind financing to others or is not good at managing its inventories.

Book value of equity - $119 million for Kinaxis Inc. - is used in calculation of the "floor" for intrinsic valuation based on the discounted cash flow (DCF) method. Even if the prospects are very bad for a company, its assets could always be sold now for their current fair market value.

Shares outstanding of 25.376 million for Kinaxis Inc. is needed to calculate the intrinsic value of one share.

Market capitalization is used here only for reference purposes and as a quick check that the share price and the number of shares outstanding numbers are correct - something especially to be cognizant about at stock splits. So, the market capitalization of Kinaxis Inc. at the current share price and the inputted number of shares is $1.9 billion.

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The paper VALUATION OF STOCKS: The Quest for Intrinsic Value provides a detailed description of our valuation model and discloses the calculation algorithm.

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