Intrinsic value of Amrep - AXR

Previous Close

$6.85

  Intrinsic Value

$2.63

stock screener

  Rating & Target

str. sell

-62%

Previous close

$6.85

 
Intrinsic value

$2.63

 
Up/down potential

-62%

 
Rating

str. sell

We calculate the intrinsic value of AXR stock by summing up the current values of future distributable cash flows generated by the company and dividing the sum by the number of outstanding shares. As such, the intrinsic value calculation depends entirely on projections. The more accurate your projections of the company's performance are - the more reliable is the intrinsic value calculation result. Please make sure to check the stock valuation input data below and adjust it if necessary. The quality of the output (intrinsic valuation result) is only as good as the quality of the input. See also DISCLAIMERS.

STOCK VALUATION INPUT DATA

Revenue (in 2017), $M
Initial revenue growth rate, %
Terminal revenue growth rate, %
Revenue decline factor
Initial discount rate, %
Discount rate multiplier
Variable cost ratio, %
Fixed operating expenses, $M
Interest rate on debt, %
Effective corporate tax rate, %
Production assets / Revenue, %
Life of production assets, yrs
Working capital / Revenue, %
Revenue / Adjusted assets
Adjusted equity ratio
Cash flow adjustment, % of Revenue
Book value of equity, $M
Shares outstanding, mln
Market capitalization, $bln 0.1

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FORECAST and PRESENT VALUE CALCULATION

Fiscal year
2017(a)
   2018
   2019
   2020
   2021
   2022
   2023
   2024
   2025
   2026
   2027
   2028
   2029
   2030
   2031
   2032
   2033
   2034
   2035
   2036
   2037
   2038
   2039
   2040
   2041
   2042
   2043
   2044
   2045
   2046
   2047

INCOME STATEMENT

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue growth rate, %
  0.00
  2.00
  2.30
  2.57
  2.81
  3.03
  3.23
  3.41
  3.57
  3.71
  3.84
  3.95
  4.06
  4.15
  4.24
  4.31
  4.38
  4.44
  4.50
  4.55
  4.59
  4.64
  4.67
  4.70
  4.73
  4.76
  4.78
  4.81
  4.83
  4.84
  4.86
Revenue, $m
  42
  43
  44
  45
  46
  48
  49
  51
  53
  55
  57
  59
  61
  64
  67
  69
  72
  76
  79
  83
  87
  91
  95
  99
  104
  109
  114
  120
  125
  131
  138
Variable operating expenses, $m
 
  58
  59
  61
  63
  65
  67
  69
  71
  74
  77
  80
  83
  87
  90
  94
  98
  103
  107
  112
  117
  123
  129
  135
  141
  148
  155
  162
  170
  178
  187
Fixed operating expenses, $m
 
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Total operating expenses, $m
  41
  58
  59
  61
  63
  65
  67
  69
  71
  74
  77
  80
  83
  87
  90
  94
  98
  103
  107
  112
  117
  123
  129
  135
  141
  148
  155
  162
  170
  178
  187
Operating income, $m
  1
  -15
  -16
  -16
  -16
  -17
  -18
  -18
  -19
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -27
  -28
  -30
  -31
  -32
  -34
  -35
  -37
  -39
  -41
  -43
  -45
  -47
  -49
EBITDA, $m
  2
  -14
  -15
  -15
  -15
  -16
  -16
  -17
  -18
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -28
  -29
  -30
  -32
  -33
  -35
  -36
  -38
  -40
  -42
  -44
  -46
Interest expense (income), $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
Earnings before tax, $m
  1
  -15
  -16
  -16
  -17
  -17
  -18
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -28
  -29
  -30
  -32
  -33
  -35
  -36
  -38
  -40
  -42
  -44
  -46
  -48
  -51
Tax expense, $m
  1
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Net income, $m
  0
  -15
  -16
  -16
  -17
  -17
  -18
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -28
  -29
  -30
  -32
  -33
  -35
  -36
  -38
  -40
  -42
  -44
  -46
  -48
  -51

BALANCE SHEET

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and short-term investments, $m
  12
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Total assets, $m
  107
  97
  99
  102
  105
  108
  111
  115
  119
  124
  128
  133
  139
  144
  151
  157
  164
  171
  179
  187
  196
  205
  214
  224
  235
  246
  258
  270
  284
  297
  312
Adjusted assets (=assets-cash), $m
  95
  97
  99
  102
  105
  108
  111
  115
  119
  124
  128
  133
  139
  144
  151
  157
  164
  171
  179
  187
  196
  205
  214
  224
  235
  246
  258
  270
  284
  297
  312
Revenue / Adjusted assets
  0.442
  0.443
  0.444
  0.441
  0.438
  0.444
  0.441
  0.443
  0.445
  0.444
  0.445
  0.444
  0.439
  0.444
  0.444
  0.439
  0.439
  0.444
  0.441
  0.444
  0.444
  0.444
  0.444
  0.442
  0.443
  0.443
  0.442
  0.444
  0.440
  0.441
  0.442
Average production assets, $m
  23
  23
  23
  24
  25
  26
  26
  27
  28
  29
  30
  32
  33
  34
  36
  37
  39
  41
  42
  44
  46
  49
  51
  53
  56
  58
  61
  64
  67
  70
  74
Working capital, $m
  0
  -12
  -13
  -13
  -13
  -14
  -14
  -15
  -15
  -16
  -16
  -17
  -18
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -27
  -28
  -30
  -31
  -33
  -34
  -36
  -38
  -39
Total debt, $m
  0
  0
  1
  2
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
  10
  12
  13
  14
  16
  18
  20
  21
  23
  26
  28
  30
  33
  35
  38
  41
  44
  47
  50
Total liabilities, $m
  22
  22
  23
  24
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  29
  30
  31
  32
  34
  35
  36
  38
  40
  42
  43
  45
  48
  50
  52
  55
  57
  60
  63
  66
  69
  72
Total equity, $m
  85
  74
  76
  78
  80
  83
  85
  88
  91
  95
  98
  102
  107
  111
  116
  121
  126
  132
  137
  144
  150
  157
  165
  172
  181
  189
  198
  208
  218
  228
  239
Total liabilities and equity, $m
  107
  96
  99
  102
  104
  108
  111
  115
  119
  124
  128
  133
  139
  145
  151
  157
  164
  172
  179
  187
  195
  205
  215
  224
  236
  246
  258
  271
  284
  297
  311
Debt-to-equity ratio
  0.000
  0.010
  0.010
  0.020
  0.030
  0.040
  0.040
  0.050
  0.060
  0.070
  0.080
  0.090
  0.100
  0.100
  0.110
  0.120
  0.130
  0.130
  0.140
  0.150
  0.160
  0.160
  0.170
  0.170
  0.180
  0.190
  0.190
  0.200
  0.200
  0.210
  0.210
Adjusted equity ratio
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768
  0.768

CASH FLOW

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income, $m
  0
  -15
  -16
  -16
  -17
  -17
  -18
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -28
  -29
  -30
  -32
  -33
  -35
  -36
  -38
  -40
  -42
  -44
  -46
  -48
  -51
Depreciation, amort., depletion, $m
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
Funds from operations, $m
  18
  -14
  -15
  -15
  -15
  -16
  -16
  -17
  -18
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -27
  -28
  -30
  -31
  -32
  -34
  -36
  -37
  -39
  -41
  -43
  -45
  -48
Change in working capital, $m
  8
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
Cash from operations, $m
  10
  -14
  -14
  -15
  -15
  -16
  -16
  -17
  -17
  -18
  -19
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -27
  -28
  -30
  -31
  -33
  -34
  -36
  -38
  -40
  -42
  -44
  -46
Maintenance CAPEX, $m
  0
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
New CAPEX, $m
  0
  0
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
Cash from investing activities, $m
  0
  -1
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -6
Free cash flow, $m
  10
  -15
  -16
  -16
  -17
  -17
  -18
  -19
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -27
  -28
  -30
  -31
  -32
  -34
  -36
  -37
  -39
  -41
  -43
  -45
  -47
  -50
  -52
Issuance/(repayment) of debt, $m
  -13
  0
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
Issuance/(repurchase) of shares, $m
  0
  17
  17
  18
  19
  20
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  28
  29
  30
  32
  33
  35
  36
  38
  40
  42
  44
  46
  49
  51
  54
  56
  59
  62
Cash from financing (excl. dividends), $m  
  -13
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  29
  30
  32
  34
  35
  37
  38
  40
  42
  44
  46
  48
  52
  54
  57
  59
  62
  65
Total cash flow (excl. dividends), $m
  -3
  2
  2
  2
  3
  3
  3
  3
  4
  4
  4
  5
  5
  5
  6
  6
  6
  7
  7
  7
  8
  8
  9
  9
  10
  10
  11
  11
  12
  12
  13
Retained Cash Flow (-), $m
  -2
  -17
  -17
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -28
  -29
  -30
  -32
  -33
  -35
  -36
  -38
  -40
  -42
  -44
  -46
  -49
  -51
  -54
  -56
  -59
  -62
Prev. year cash balance distribution, $m
 
  12
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash flow adjustment, $m
 
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash available for distribution, $m
 
  -3
  -15
  -16
  -16
  -17
  -17
  -18
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -27
  -28
  -29
  -31
  -32
  -33
  -35
  -37
  -39
  -40
  -42
  -44
  -47
  -49
Discount rate, %
 
  4.30
  4.52
  4.74
  4.98
  5.23
  5.49
  5.76
  6.05
  6.35
  6.67
  7.00
  7.35
  7.72
  8.11
  8.51
  8.94
  9.39
  9.86
  10.35
  10.87
  11.41
  11.98
  12.58
  13.21
  13.87
  14.56
  15.29
  16.05
  16.86
  17.70
PV of cash for distribution, $m
 
  -3
  -14
  -14
  -13
  -13
  -12
  -12
  -12
  -11
  -10
  -10
  -9
  -9
  -8
  -7
  -6
  -6
  -5
  -4
  -4
  -3
  -3
  -2
  -2
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  0
Current shareholders' claim on cash, %
  100
  75.3
  56.5
  42.2
  31.4
  23.3
  17.3
  12.8
  9.4
  6.9
  5.1
  3.7
  2.7
  2.0
  1.4
  1.1
  0.8
  0.6
  0.4
  0.3
  0.2
  0.2
  0.1
  0.1
  0.1
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0

Amrep Corporation is a holding company. The Company, through its subsidiaries, operates through two segments: real estate operations and fulfillment services. The Company conducts its real estate business through AMREP Southwest Inc. (AMREP Southwest) and its subsidiaries, with its activities occurring primarily in the City of Rio Rancho and certain adjoining areas of Sandoval County, New Mexico. The real estate operations include land sales and lease activities. Its fulfillment services is offered through its subsidiary Palm Coast Data LLC (Palm Coast) and its affiliates. Its fulfillment services business performs fulfillment and contact center services, including subscriber list and database management, payment and order processing and accounting, subscriber mailing services, customer service and contact center management, data processing and business intelligence solutions, print and digital marketing solutions, and product fulfillment warehousing, processing and distribution.

FINANCIAL RATIOS  of  Amrep (AXR)

Valuation Ratios
P/E Ratio 0
Price to Sales 1.3
Price to Book 0.7
Price to Tangible Book
Price to Cash Flow 5.5
Price to Free Cash Flow 5.5
Growth Rates
Sales Growth Rate 0%
Sales - 3 Yr. Growth Rate %
EPS Growth Rate %
EPS - 3 Yr. Growth Rate %
Capital Spending Gr. Rate -100%
Cap. Spend. - 3 Yr. Gr. Rate -100%
Financial Strength
Quick Ratio NaN
Current Ratio NaN
LT Debt to Equity 0%
Total Debt to Equity 0%
Interest Coverage 0
Management Effectiveness
Return On Assets 0%
Ret/ On Assets - 3 Yr. Avg. 0.1%
Return On Total Capital 0%
Ret/ On T. Cap. - 3 Yr. Avg. 0.4%
Return On Equity 0%
Return On Equity - 3 Yr. Avg. 0.5%
Asset Turnover 0.4
Profitability Ratios
Gross Margin 14.3%
Gross Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 11.8%
EBITDA Margin 4.8%
EBITDA Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. -7.8%
Operating Margin 2.4%
Oper. Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. -15.1%
Pre-Tax Margin 2.4%
Pre-Tax Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. -15.1%
Net Profit Margin 0%
Net Profit Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. -0.6%
Effective Tax Rate 100%
Eff/ Tax Rate - 3 Yr. Avg. 55.6%
Payout Ratio 0%

AXR stock valuation input parameters

Revenue. Company's revenue (or sales) is always the starting point of any cash flow forecast. In the AXR stock intrinsic value calculation we used $42 million for the last fiscal year's total revenue generated by Amrep. The default revenue input number comes from 2017 income statement of Amrep. You may change it if you feel that it should be adjusted for some unusual circumstances that are not expected to be repeated in the future or if you already know (from interim financial statements, for example) that this year's revenue is going to be quite different.

Revenue growth rate. Forecasted future revenue growth rate is the most important input parameter for the intrinsic value calculation. Unlike other input parameters that are reasonably expected to be in line with their historic averages or their historic trends, the revenue growth rate by and large is a wild card: nobody really knows what the company's revenue will be in the future. Of course, the level of unpredictability is different for different industries (utility companies being the most predictable and, thus, less risky).
    We use three input parameters to forecast the revenue growth rate in our AXR stock valuation model: a) initial revenue growth rate of 2% whose default value is the revenue growth rate in the most recent quarter compared to the quarterly revenue a year ago; b) terminal revenue growth rate of 5% whose default value is chosen to be close to the average nominal (i.e. not adjusted for inflation) GDP growth rate; and c) revenue decline factor of 0.9, which stipulates that revenue growth rate in each forecasted year will be equal to the difference of the revenue growth rate in the preceding year and the terminal revenue growth rate multiplied by this revenue decline factor (with the passage of time the revenue growth rate will be approaching the terminal revenue growth rate, but not quite reaching it - though the difference could be infinitesimally small).
    At the revenue decline factor of 1, the future revenue growth rate is forecasted to be constant and equal to the initial revenue growth rate. The smaller the revenue decline factor, the faster the revenue growth rate will approach the terminal revenue growth.

Discount rate. The discount rate is used for determining the present value of future cash flows: future cash flows are "discounted" as at normal conditions (that translate into positive expected return on investment) one dollar today is worth more than the same dollar in the future. Unlike all other valuation models, we use variable discount rate, i.e. it increases for each consecutive year. This is done to account for higher risk of cash flows coming in further in the future.
    The initial discount rate of 4.3%, whose default value for AXR is calculated based on our internal credit rating of Amrep, is applied to the cash flow expected to be received a year from now (well, actually, to be precise, in the financial year following the base year - the last year for which we have financial statements). For each consecutive year the discount rate is multiplied by the discount rate multiplier of 1.05, e.i. each year it increases by 5%. Feel free to change this number to correspond to your level of risk assessment of Amrep.
    By the way, it is easy to set the discount rate to be constant (this would make comparison with other valuation models easier): just set the discount rate multiplier equal to 1 and chose the magnitude of the initial discount rate to your liking.

Variable cost ratio is the ratio of variable costs (i.e. costs that fluctuate with fluctuation of the volume of production) to the revenue expressed as a percentage. In the calculation of intrinsic value of AXR stock the variable cost ratio is equal to 135.7%.

Fixed operating expenses is just that - expenses that are not dependant on the volume of production. They are set to $0 million in the base year in the intrinsic value calculation for AXR stock. These expenses increase with the level of inflation in subsequent years.

Interest rate on debt is the average all-in rate of interest paid by the company on its debt. It is set at 3.5% for Amrep.

Corporate tax rate of 27% is the nominal tax rate for Amrep. In reality, companies find ways to pay much less taxes than that or not to pay them at all.

Cash flow adjustment could be used for any adjustment the investor deems necessary. Most commonly we use this field to account for stock options-related effects in excess of what is reported on the company's income statement. The cash flow adjustment is expressed as a percentage of the revenue, and in the current valuation of the AXR stock is equal to 0%.

Production assets are the company's assets used for manufacturing products or provision of services. In the valuation model input table they are expressed as a percentage of revenue and for AXR are equal to 53.6%.

Life of production assets of 22.5 years is the average useful life of capital assets used in Amrep operations. It is used to calculate yearly capital expenditures needed to keep these assets in good order - we call it the maintenance CAPEX.

Working capital is the difference between the company's current assets and liabilities. In the model we use the ratio of working capital to revenue, which for AXR is equal to -28.6%. A negative number means that the company is apt at using financial resources of its suppliers and customers; a large positive number, on the other hand, means that it either provides in-kind financing to others or is not good at managing its inventories.

Book value of equity - $85 million for Amrep - is used in calculation of the "floor" for intrinsic valuation based on the discounted cash flow (DCF) method. Even if the prospects are very bad for a company, its assets could always be sold now for their current fair market value.

Shares outstanding of 8.096 million for Amrep is needed to calculate the intrinsic value of one share.

Market capitalization is used here only for reference purposes and as a quick check that the share price and the number of shares outstanding numbers are correct - something especially to be cognizant about at stock splits. So, the market capitalization of Amrep at the current share price and the inputted number of shares is $0.1 billion.

RELATED COMPANIES Price Int.Val. Rating
EXLS ExlService Hol 61.50 38.56  sell
INOD Innodata 0.980 0.30  str.sell
BR Broadridge Fin 89.25 556.37  str.buy
CHKE Cherokee 2.45 3.92  str.buy

COMPANY NEWS

▶ ETFs with exposure to AMREP Corp. : November 7, 2017   [Nov-07-17 09:43AM  Capital Cube]
▶ ETFs with exposure to AMREP Corp. : October 18, 2017   [Oct-18-17 09:37AM  Capital Cube]
▶ AMREP Reports First Quarter Fiscal 2018 Results   [Sep-13-17 05:05PM  GlobeNewswire]
▶ ETFs with exposure to AMREP Corp. : August 14, 2017   [Aug-14-17 04:09PM  Capital Cube]
▶ AMREP Reports Fiscal 2017 Results   [Jul-18-17 04:20PM  PR Newswire]
▶ ETFs with exposure to AMREP Corp. : January 20, 2017   [Jan-20-17 12:54PM  Capital Cube]
▶ How MEI Pharma Inc (MEIP) Stacks Up Against Its Peers   [Dec-15-16 07:57PM  Insider Monkey]
▶ ETFs with exposure to AMREP Corp. : December 8, 2016   [Dec-08-16 02:15PM  Capital Cube]
▶ ETFs with exposure to AMREP Corp. : October 20, 2016   [Oct-20-16 09:31AM  Capital Cube]
▶ AMREP Reports Fiscal 2016 Results   [04:20PM  PR Newswire]
▶ 10-K for AMREP Corp.   [Jul-31  08:09PM  at Company Spotlight]
▶ AMREP Reports Fiscal 2015 Results   [04:30PM  PR Newswire]
▶ 10-Q for AMREP Corp.   [May-03  08:13PM  at Company Spotlight]
▶ 10-Q for AMREP Corp.   [Dec-14  07:07PM  Company Spotlight]
▶ AMREP REPORTS FIRST QUARTER FISCAL 2015 RESULTS   [Oct-21  04:56AM  at noodls]
▶ AMREP Enters Into Oil And Gas Lease   [04:23PM  Benzinga]
▶ AMREP Enters Into Oil and Gas Lease   [04:22PM  PR Newswire]
▶ AMREP Reports Fiscal 2014 Results   [05:19PM  PR Newswire]
▶ Why AMREP (AXR) Stock Is Soaring On Thursday   [Jun-12  01:36PM  at TheStreet]
Financial statements of AXR
Valuation of Stocks

The paper VALUATION OF STOCKS: The Quest for Intrinsic Value provides a detailed description of our valuation model and discloses the calculation algorithm.

FREE DOWNLOAD
Follow us on:   twitter   twitter   twitter   twitter

VALUATION THEORY       ASSET ALLOCATION

About X-FIN       Site news       Privacy policy       Terms of use       FAQ

Copyright © X-FIN.com 2005-2017. All rigths reserved.