Intrinsic value of Denny's - DENN

Previous Close

$12.29

  Intrinsic Value

$1.44

stock screener

  Rating & Target

str. sell

-88%

  Value-price divergence*

-82%

Previous close

$12.29

 
Intrinsic value

$1.44

 
Up/down potential

-88%

 
Rating

str. sell

 
Value-price divergence*

-82%

*Intrinsic value change (in %) minus stock price change (in %) in the past 12 months.

We calculate the intrinsic value of DENN stock by summing up the current values of future distributable cash flows generated by the company and dividing the sum by the number of outstanding shares. As such, the intrinsic value calculation depends entirely on projections. The more accurate your projections of the company's performance are - the more reliable is the intrinsic value calculation result. Please make sure to check the stock valuation input data below and adjust it if necessary. The quality of the output (intrinsic valuation result) is only as good as the quality of the input. See also DISCLAIMERS.

STOCK VALUATION INPUT DATA

Revenue (in 2016), $M
Initial revenue growth rate, %
Terminal revenue growth rate, %
Revenue decline factor
Initial discount rate, %
Discount rate multiplier
Variable cost ratio, %
Fixed operating expenses, $M
Interest rate on debt, %
Effective corporate tax rate, %
Production assets / Revenue, %
Life of production assets, yrs
Working capital / Revenue, %
Revenue / Adjusted assets
Adjusted equity ratio
Cash flow adjustment, % of Revenue
Book value of equity, $M
Shares outstanding, mln
Market capitalization, $bln 0.9

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FORECAST and PRESENT VALUE CALCULATION

Fiscal year
2016(a)
   2017
   2018
   2019
   2020
   2021
   2022
   2023
   2024
   2025
   2026
   2027
   2028
   2029
   2030
   2031
   2032
   2033
   2034
   2035
   2036
   2037
   2038
   2039
   2040
   2041
   2042
   2043
   2044
   2045
   2046

INCOME STATEMENT

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue growth rate, %
  3.26
  2.40
  2.66
  2.89
  3.10
  3.29
  3.46
  3.62
  3.76
  3.88
  3.99
  4.09
  4.18
  4.27
  4.34
  4.41
  4.46
  4.52
  4.57
  4.61
  4.65
  4.68
  4.72
  4.74
  4.77
  4.79
  4.81
  4.83
  4.85
  4.86
  4.88
Revenue, $m
  507
  519
  533
  548
  565
  584
  604
  626
  650
  675
  702
  731
  761
  794
  828
  865
  903
  944
  987
  1,033
  1,081
  1,131
  1,184
  1,241
  1,300
  1,362
  1,428
  1,497
  1,569
  1,646
  1,726
Variable operating expenses, $m
 
  453
  465
  478
  493
  509
  526
  545
  566
  587
  611
  632
  658
  687
  716
  748
  781
  817
  854
  893
  935
  979
  1,025
  1,073
  1,124
  1,178
  1,235
  1,295
  1,358
  1,424
  1,493
Fixed operating expenses, $m
 
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Total operating expenses, $m
  459
  453
  465
  478
  493
  509
  526
  545
  566
  587
  611
  632
  658
  687
  716
  748
  781
  817
  854
  893
  935
  979
  1,025
  1,073
  1,124
  1,178
  1,235
  1,295
  1,358
  1,424
  1,493
Operating income, $m
  48
  67
  68
  70
  73
  75
  78
  81
  84
  88
  91
  99
  103
  107
  112
  117
  122
  127
  133
  139
  146
  153
  160
  167
  175
  184
  193
  202
  212
  222
  233
EBITDA, $m
  70
  88
  91
  93
  96
  99
  103
  107
  111
  115
  119
  124
  130
  135
  141
  147
  154
  161
  168
  176
  184
  193
  202
  211
  221
  232
  243
  255
  267
  280
  294
Interest expense (income), $m
  3
  9
  5
  6
  6
  6
  7
  7
  7
  8
  8
  9
  9
  10
  11
  11
  12
  13
  13
  14
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  23
  24
  25
  27
Earnings before tax, $m
  36
  58
  63
  65
  67
  69
  72
  74
  77
  80
  83
  90
  93
  97
  101
  105
  110
  115
  120
  125
  131
  137
  143
  149
  156
  164
  171
  179
  188
  197
  206
Tax expense, $m
  17
  16
  17
  18
  18
  19
  19
  20
  21
  22
  22
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  30
  31
  32
  34
  35
  37
  39
  40
  42
  44
  46
  48
  51
  53
  56
Net income, $m
  19
  42
  46
  47
  49
  50
  52
  54
  56
  58
  61
  66
  68
  71
  74
  77
  80
  84
  87
  91
  95
  100
  104
  109
  114
  119
  125
  131
  137
  144
  150

BALANCE SHEET

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and short-term investments, $m
  3
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Total assets, $m
  306
  313
  322
  331
  341
  352
  365
  378
  392
  407
  424
  441
  459
  479
  500
  522
  545
  570
  596
  623
  652
  683
  715
  749
  784
  822
  862
  903
  947
  993
  1,042
Adjusted assets (=assets-cash), $m
  303
  313
  322
  331
  341
  352
  365
  378
  392
  407
  424
  441
  459
  479
  500
  522
  545
  570
  596
  623
  652
  683
  715
  749
  784
  822
  862
  903
  947
  993
  1,042
Revenue / Adjusted assets
  1.673
  1.658
  1.655
  1.656
  1.657
  1.659
  1.655
  1.656
  1.658
  1.658
  1.656
  1.658
  1.658
  1.658
  1.656
  1.657
  1.657
  1.656
  1.656
  1.658
  1.658
  1.656
  1.656
  1.657
  1.658
  1.657
  1.657
  1.658
  1.657
  1.658
  1.656
Average production assets, $m
  179
  183
  188
  194
  200
  206
  213
  221
  229
  238
  248
  258
  269
  280
  292
  305
  319
  333
  348
  364
  381
  399
  418
  438
  459
  481
  504
  528
  554
  581
  609
Working capital, $m
  -57
  -52
  -53
  -55
  -57
  -58
  -60
  -63
  -65
  -67
  -70
  -73
  -76
  -79
  -83
  -86
  -90
  -94
  -99
  -103
  -108
  -113
  -118
  -124
  -130
  -136
  -143
  -150
  -157
  -165
  -173
Total debt, $m
  246
  151
  158
  167
  176
  186
  197
  209
  222
  236
  250
  266
  282
  300
  319
  339
  360
  382
  405
  430
  456
  483
  512
  543
  575
  609
  644
  682
  721
  763
  806
Total liabilities, $m
  377
  282
  289
  298
  307
  317
  328
  340
  353
  367
  381
  397
  413
  431
  450
  470
  491
  513
  536
  561
  587
  614
  643
  674
  706
  740
  775
  813
  852
  894
  937
Total equity, $m
  -71
  31
  32
  33
  34
  35
  36
  38
  39
  41
  42
  44
  46
  48
  50
  52
  55
  57
  60
  62
  65
  68
  71
  75
  78
  82
  86
  90
  95
  99
  104
Total liabilities and equity, $m
  306
  313
  321
  331
  341
  352
  364
  378
  392
  408
  423
  441
  459
  479
  500
  522
  546
  570
  596
  623
  652
  682
  714
  749
  784
  822
  861
  903
  947
  993
  1,041
Debt-to-equity ratio
  -3.465
  4.820
  4.930
  5.040
  5.160
  5.280
  5.410
  5.530
  5.660
  5.780
  5.910
  6.030
  6.150
  6.260
  6.380
  6.490
  6.600
  6.700
  6.800
  6.900
  6.990
  7.080
  7.170
  7.250
  7.330
  7.410
  7.480
  7.550
  7.620
  7.680
  7.740
Adjusted equity ratio
  -0.244
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100

CASH FLOW

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income, $m
  19
  42
  46
  47
  49
  50
  52
  54
  56
  58
  61
  66
  68
  71
  74
  77
  80
  84
  87
  91
  95
  100
  104
  109
  114
  119
  125
  131
  137
  144
  150
Depreciation, amort., depletion, $m
  22
  22
  22
  23
  23
  24
  25
  26
  26
  27
  28
  26
  27
  28
  29
  31
  32
  33
  35
  36
  38
  40
  42
  44
  46
  48
  50
  53
  55
  58
  61
Funds from operations, $m
  56
  64
  68
  70
  72
  75
  77
  80
  83
  86
  89
  91
  95
  99
  103
  108
  112
  117
  122
  128
  134
  140
  146
  153
  160
  168
  175
  184
  193
  202
  211
Change in working capital, $m
  -15
  -1
  -1
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -7
  -8
  -8
Cash from operations, $m
  71
  65
  70
  72
  74
  76
  79
  82
  85
  88
  92
  94
  98
  102
  107
  111
  116
  121
  127
  132
  138
  145
  151
  159
  166
  174
  182
  191
  200
  209
  219
Maintenance CAPEX, $m
  0
  -18
  -18
  -19
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -27
  -28
  -29
  -31
  -32
  -33
  -35
  -36
  -38
  -40
  -42
  -44
  -46
  -48
  -50
  -53
  -55
  -58
New CAPEX, $m
  -20
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -8
  -8
  -9
  -10
  -10
  -11
  -11
  -12
  -13
  -14
  -14
  -15
  -16
  -17
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -26
  -27
  -28
Cash from investing activities, $m
  -33
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -27
  -28
  -29
  -30
  -32
  -34
  -35
  -37
  -38
  -40
  -42
  -45
  -46
  -48
  -51
  -53
  -56
  -59
  -62
  -65
  -68
  -71
  -74
  -79
  -82
  -86
Free cash flow, $m
  38
  43
  47
  48
  49
  50
  51
  53
  54
  56
  58
  59
  62
  64
  66
  69
  72
  75
  78
  81
  85
  89
  93
  97
  101
  106
  111
  116
  121
  127
  133
Issuance/(repayment) of debt, $m
  20
  -95
  8
  8
  9
  10
  11
  12
  13
  14
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  25
  26
  27
  29
  31
  32
  34
  36
  37
  39
  41
  44
Issuance/(repurchase) of shares, $m
  -51
  60
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash from financing (excl. dividends), $m  
  -38
  -35
  8
  8
  9
  10
  11
  12
  13
  14
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  25
  26
  27
  29
  31
  32
  34
  36
  37
  39
  41
  44
Total cash flow (excl. dividends), $m
  1
  8
  54
  56
  58
  60
  62
  65
  67
  70
  73
  75
  78
  82
  85
  89
  93
  97
  101
  106
  111
  116
  122
  127
  133
  140
  146
  153
  161
  168
  177
Retained Cash Flow (-), $m
  10
  -102
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
Prev. year cash balance distribution, $m
 
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash flow adjustment, $m
 
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash available for distribution, $m
 
  -94
  53
  55
  57
  59
  61
  63
  66
  68
  71
  73
  76
  80
  83
  87
  91
  95
  99
  103
  108
  113
  118
  124
  130
  136
  142
  149
  156
  164
  172
Discount rate, %
 
  11.40
  11.97
  12.57
  13.20
  13.86
  14.55
  15.28
  16.04
  16.84
  17.69
  18.57
  19.50
  20.47
  21.50
  22.57
  23.70
  24.88
  26.13
  27.44
  28.81
  30.25
  31.76
  33.35
  35.02
  36.77
  38.60
  40.53
  42.56
  44.69
  46.92
PV of cash for distribution, $m
 
  -85
  42
  39
  35
  31
  27
  23
  20
  17
  14
  11
  9
  7
  5
  4
  3
  2
  2
  1
  1
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Current shareholders' claim on cash, %
  100
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Denny’s Corporation, through its subsidiary, Denny’s, Inc., owns and operates full-service restaurant chains under the Denny’s brand. As of October 10, 2016, it operated 1,720 franchised, licensed, and company operated restaurants in the United States, Canada, Puerto Rico, New Zealand, Mexico, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Guam, the United Arab Emirates, Chile, Curaçao, El Salvador, the Philippines, and Trinidad and Tobago. The company was formerly known as Advantica Restaurant Group, Inc. and changed its name to Denny’s Corporation in 2002. The company was founded in 1953 and is headquartered in Spartanburg, South Carolina.

FINANCIAL RATIOS  of  Denny's (DENN)

Valuation Ratios
P/E Ratio 46.2
Price to Sales 1.7
Price to Book -12.4
Price to Tangible Book
Price to Cash Flow 12.4
Price to Free Cash Flow 17.2
Growth Rates
Sales Growth Rate 3.3%
Sales - 3 Yr. Growth Rate %
EPS Growth Rate %
EPS - 3 Yr. Growth Rate %
Capital Spending Gr. Rate -25.9%
Cap. Spend. - 3 Yr. Gr. Rate 3.3%
Financial Strength
Quick Ratio 1
Current Ratio 0
LT Debt to Equity -342.3%
Total Debt to Equity -346.5%
Interest Coverage 13
Management Effectiveness
Return On Assets 6.8%
Ret/ On Assets - 3 Yr. Avg. 10.8%
Return On Total Capital 11.5%
Ret/ On T. Cap. - 3 Yr. Avg. 17.9%
Return On Equity -28.8%
Return On Equity - 3 Yr. Avg. 169.7%
Asset Turnover 1.7
Profitability Ratios
Gross Margin 48.1%
Gross Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 48%
EBITDA Margin 12%
EBITDA Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 14.7%
Operating Margin 9.5%
Oper. Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 11.4%
Pre-Tax Margin 7.1%
Pre-Tax Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 9.5%
Net Profit Margin 3.7%
Net Profit Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 6%
Effective Tax Rate 47.2%
Eff/ Tax Rate - 3 Yr. Avg. 37.7%
Payout Ratio 0%

DENN stock valuation input parameters

Revenue. Company's revenue (or sales) is always the starting point of any cash flow forecast. In the DENN stock intrinsic value calculation we used $507 million for the last fiscal year's total revenue generated by Denny's. The default revenue input number comes from 2016 income statement of Denny's. You may change it if you feel that it should be adjusted for some unusual circumstances that are not expected to be repeated in the future or if you already know (from interim financial statements, for example) that this year's revenue is going to be quite different.

Revenue growth rate. Forecasted future revenue growth rate is the most important input parameter for the intrinsic value calculation. Unlike other input parameters that are reasonably expected to be in line with their historic averages or their historic trends, the revenue growth rate by and large is a wild card: nobody really knows what the company's revenue will be in the future. Of course, the level of unpredictability is different for different industries (utility companies being the most predictable and, thus, less risky).
    We use three input parameters to forecast the revenue growth rate in our DENN stock valuation model: a) initial revenue growth rate of 2.4% whose default value is the revenue growth rate in the most recent quarter compared to the quarterly revenue a year ago; b) terminal revenue growth rate of 5% whose default value is chosen to be close to the average nominal (i.e. not adjusted for inflation) GDP growth rate; and c) revenue decline factor of 0.9, which stipulates that revenue growth rate in each forecasted year will be equal to the difference of the revenue growth rate in the preceding year and the terminal revenue growth rate multiplied by this revenue decline factor (with the passage of time the revenue growth rate will be approaching the terminal revenue growth rate, but not quite reaching it - though the difference could be infinitesimally small).
    At the revenue decline factor of 1, the future revenue growth rate is forecasted to be constant and equal to the initial revenue growth rate. The smaller the revenue decline factor, the faster the revenue growth rate will approach the terminal revenue growth.

Discount rate. The discount rate is used for determining the present value of future cash flows: future cash flows are "discounted" as at normal conditions (that translate into positive expected return on investment) one dollar today is worth more than the same dollar in the future. Unlike all other valuation models, we use variable discount rate, i.e. it increases for each consecutive year. This is done to account for higher risk of cash flows coming in further in the future.
    The initial discount rate of 11.4%, whose default value for DENN is calculated based on our internal credit rating of Denny's, is applied to the cash flow expected to be received a year from now (well, actually, to be precise, in the financial year following the base year - the last year for which we have financial statements). For each consecutive year the discount rate is multiplied by the discount rate multiplier of 1.05, e.i. each year it increases by 5%. Feel free to change this number to correspond to your level of risk assessment of Denny's.
    By the way, it is easy to set the discount rate to be constant (this would make comparison with other valuation models easier): just set the discount rate multiplier equal to 1 and chose the magnitude of the initial discount rate to your liking.

Variable cost ratio is the ratio of variable costs (i.e. costs that fluctuate with fluctuation of the volume of production) to the revenue expressed as a percentage. In the calculation of intrinsic value of DENN stock the variable cost ratio is equal to 87.2%.

Fixed operating expenses is just that - expenses that are not dependant on the volume of production. They are set to $0 million in the base year in the intrinsic value calculation for DENN stock. These expenses increase with the level of inflation in subsequent years.

Interest rate on debt is the average all-in rate of interest paid by the company on its debt. It is set at 3.5% for Denny's.

Corporate tax rate of 27% is the nominal tax rate for Denny's. In reality, companies find ways to pay much less taxes than that or not to pay them at all.

Cash flow adjustment could be used for any adjustment the investor deems necessary. Most commonly we use this field to account for stock options-related effects in excess of what is reported on the company's income statement. The cash flow adjustment is expressed as a percentage of the revenue, and in the current valuation of the DENN stock is equal to 0%.

Production assets are the company's assets used for manufacturing products or provision of services. In the valuation model input table they are expressed as a percentage of revenue and for DENN are equal to 35.3%.

Life of production assets of 10 years is the average useful life of capital assets used in Denny's operations. It is used to calculate yearly capital expenditures needed to keep these assets in good order - we call it the maintenance CAPEX.

Working capital is the difference between the company's current assets and liabilities. In the model we use the ratio of working capital to revenue, which for DENN is equal to -10%. A negative number means that the company is apt at using financial resources of its suppliers and customers; a large positive number, on the other hand, means that it either provides in-kind financing to others or is not good at managing its inventories.

Book value of equity - $-71 million for Denny's - is used in calculation of the "floor" for intrinsic valuation based on the discounted cash flow (DCF) method. Even if the prospects are very bad for a company, its assets could always be sold now for their current fair market value.

Shares outstanding of 72.845 million for Denny's is needed to calculate the intrinsic value of one share.

Market capitalization is used here only for reference purposes and as a quick check that the share price and the number of shares outstanding numbers are correct - something especially to be cognizant about at stock splits. So, the market capitalization of Denny's at the current share price and the inputted number of shares is $0.9 billion.

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COMPANY NEWS

▶ Denny's posts 2Q profit   [Aug-01-17 11:37PM  Associated Press]
▶ Denny's just schooled IHOP with the ultimate Twitter comeback   [Jul-13-17 01:03PM  Business Insider]
▶ Dennys Corp. Value Analysis (NASDAQ:DENN) : July 5, 2017   [Jul-05-17 01:27PM  Capital Cube]
▶ Why GrubHub Inc (GRUB) Stock Is a No-Go Right Now   [Jun-29-17 11:28AM  InvestorPlace]
▶ Dennys Names Michael Furlow CIO   [May-23-17 09:00AM  GlobeNewswire]
▶ ETFs with exposure to Dennys Corp. : May 18, 2017   [May-18-17 01:39PM  Capital Cube]
▶ Denny's posts 1Q profit   [May-02-17 07:09PM  Associated Press]
▶ The Steaks Are High: Netflix Hits 100 Million   [Apr-22-17 03:00PM  Motley Fool]
▶ Denny's Closes 2016 Strong, Predicts a Decent 2017   [Feb-17-17 01:03PM  at Investopedia]
▶ Why NetEase, Denny's, and TiVo Jumped Today   [Feb-16-17 04:40PM  Motley Fool]
▶ Why NetEase, Denny's, and TiVo Jumped Today   [04:40PM  at Motley Fool]
▶ Why Shares of Denny's Corp. Are Soaring Today   [12:41PM  at Motley Fool]
▶ Denny's posts 4Q profit   [05:07PM  Associated Press]
▶ Should You Avoid Dennys Corporation (DENN)?   [03:39AM  at Insider Monkey]
Stock chart of DENN Financial statements of DENN
Valuation of Stocks

The paper VALUATION OF STOCKS: The Quest for Intrinsic Value provides a detailed description of our valuation model and discloses the calculation algorithm.

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