Intrinsic value of Institutional Financial Markets - IFMI

Previous Close

$1.17

  Intrinsic Value

$0.66

stock screener

  Rating & Target

sell

-43%

  Value-price divergence*

+184%

Previous close

$1.17

 
Intrinsic value

$0.66

 
Up/down potential

-43%

 
Rating

sell

 
Value-price divergence*

+184%

Our model is not good at valuating stocks of financial companies, such as IFMI.

*Intrinsic value change (in %) minus stock price change (in %) in the past 12 months.

We calculate the intrinsic value of IFMI stock by summing up the current values of future distributable cash flows generated by the company and dividing the sum by the number of outstanding shares. As such, the intrinsic value calculation depends entirely on projections. The more accurate your projections of the company's performance are - the more reliable is the intrinsic value calculation result. Please make sure to check the stock valuation input data below and adjust it if necessary. The quality of the output (intrinsic valuation result) is only as good as the quality of the input. See also DISCLAIMERS.

STOCK VALUATION INPUT DATA

Revenue (in 2016), $M
Initial revenue growth rate, %
Terminal revenue growth rate, %
Revenue decline factor
Initial discount rate, %
Discount rate multiplier
Variable cost ratio, %
Fixed operating expenses, $M
Interest rate on debt, %
Effective corporate tax rate, %
Production assets / Revenue, %
Life of production assets, yrs
Working capital / Revenue, %
Revenue / Adjusted assets
Adjusted equity ratio
Cash flow adjustment, % of Revenue
Book value of equity, $M
Shares outstanding, mln
Market capitalization, $bln 0.0

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FORECAST and PRESENT VALUE CALCULATION

Fiscal year
2016(a)
   2017
   2018
   2019
   2020
   2021
   2022
   2023
   2024
   2025
   2026
   2027
   2028
   2029
   2030
   2031
   2032
   2033
   2034
   2035
   2036
   2037
   2038
   2039
   2040
   2041
   2042
   2043
   2044
   2045
   2046

INCOME STATEMENT

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue growth rate, %
  19.57
  2.00
  2.30
  2.57
  2.81
  3.03
  3.23
  3.41
  3.57
  3.71
  3.84
  3.95
  4.06
  4.15
  4.24
  4.31
  4.38
  4.44
  4.50
  4.55
  4.59
  4.64
  4.67
  4.70
  4.73
  4.76
  4.78
  4.81
  4.83
  4.84
  4.86
Revenue, $m
  55
  56
  57
  59
  61
  62
  64
  67
  69
  71
  74
  77
  80
  84
  87
  91
  95
  99
  104
  108
  113
  119
  124
  130
  136
  143
  149
  157
  164
  172
  180
Variable operating expenses, $m
 
  58
  59
  61
  63
  64
  67
  69
  71
  74
  77
  79
  82
  85
  89
  93
  97
  101
  106
  111
  116
  121
  127
  133
  139
  146
  153
  160
  168
  176
  184
Fixed operating expenses, $m
 
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Total operating expenses, $m
  47
  58
  59
  61
  63
  64
  67
  69
  71
  74
  77
  79
  82
  85
  89
  93
  97
  101
  106
  111
  116
  121
  127
  133
  139
  146
  153
  160
  168
  176
  184
Operating income, $m
  9
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
EBITDA, $m
  9
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
Interest expense (income), $m
  0
  11
  11
  12
  12
  13
  13
  14
  14
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  24
  25
  26
  28
  30
  31
  33
  35
  37
  39
  41
  43
  46
  48
Earnings before tax, $m
  4
  -13
  -13
  -14
  -14
  -15
  -15
  -16
  -17
  -18
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -26
  -27
  -29
  -30
  -32
  -34
  -36
  -38
  -40
  -42
  -44
  -47
  -50
  -52
Tax expense, $m
  1
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Net income, $m
  2
  -13
  -13
  -14
  -14
  -15
  -15
  -16
  -17
  -18
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -26
  -27
  -29
  -30
  -32
  -34
  -36
  -38
  -40
  -42
  -44
  -47
  -50
  -52

BALANCE SHEET

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and short-term investments, $m
  15
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Total assets, $m
  561
  572
  586
  601
  618
  636
  657
  679
  703
  729
  757
  787
  819
  853
  890
  928
  969
  1,012
  1,057
  1,105
  1,156
  1,210
  1,266
  1,326
  1,389
  1,455
  1,524
  1,597
  1,675
  1,756
  1,841
Adjusted assets (=assets-cash), $m
  546
  572
  586
  601
  618
  636
  657
  679
  703
  729
  757
  787
  819
  853
  890
  928
  969
  1,012
  1,057
  1,105
  1,156
  1,210
  1,266
  1,326
  1,389
  1,455
  1,524
  1,597
  1,675
  1,756
  1,841
Revenue / Adjusted assets
  0.101
  0.098
  0.097
  0.098
  0.099
  0.097
  0.097
  0.099
  0.098
  0.097
  0.098
  0.098
  0.098
  0.098
  0.098
  0.098
  0.098
  0.098
  0.098
  0.098
  0.098
  0.098
  0.098
  0.098
  0.098
  0.098
  0.098
  0.098
  0.098
  0.098
  0.098
Average production assets, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Working capital, $m
  0
  28
  29
  29
  30
  31
  32
  33
  34
  36
  37
  39
  40
  42
  44
  45
  47
  50
  52
  54
  57
  59
  62
  65
  68
  71
  75
  78
  82
  86
  90
Total debt, $m
  325
  318
  330
  344
  359
  376
  394
  414
  436
  460
  485
  512
  540
  571
  604
  638
  675
  714
  754
  798
  843
  892
  943
  996
  1,053
  1,112
  1,175
  1,241
  1,310
  1,383
  1,460
Total liabilities, $m
  522
  515
  527
  541
  556
  573
  591
  611
  633
  657
  682
  709
  737
  768
  801
  835
  872
  911
  951
  995
  1,040
  1,089
  1,140
  1,193
  1,250
  1,309
  1,372
  1,438
  1,507
  1,580
  1,657
Total equity, $m
  39
  57
  59
  60
  62
  64
  66
  68
  70
  73
  76
  79
  82
  85
  89
  93
  97
  101
  106
  111
  116
  121
  127
  133
  139
  145
  152
  160
  167
  176
  184
Total liabilities and equity, $m
  561
  572
  586
  601
  618
  637
  657
  679
  703
  730
  758
  788
  819
  853
  890
  928
  969
  1,012
  1,057
  1,106
  1,156
  1,210
  1,267
  1,326
  1,389
  1,454
  1,524
  1,598
  1,674
  1,756
  1,841
Debt-to-equity ratio
  8.333
  5.560
  5.640
  5.720
  5.810
  5.900
  6.000
  6.100
  6.200
  6.300
  6.400
  6.500
  6.600
  6.690
  6.790
  6.880
  6.970
  7.050
  7.140
  7.220
  7.300
  7.370
  7.440
  7.510
  7.580
  7.650
  7.710
  7.770
  7.820
  7.880
  7.930
Adjusted equity ratio
  0.071
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100

CASH FLOW

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income, $m
  2
  -13
  -13
  -14
  -14
  -15
  -15
  -16
  -17
  -18
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -26
  -27
  -29
  -30
  -32
  -34
  -36
  -38
  -40
  -42
  -44
  -47
  -50
  -52
Depreciation, amort., depletion, $m
  0
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Funds from operations, $m
  -22
  -13
  -12
  -13
  -13
  -14
  -15
  -15
  -16
  -17
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -26
  -27
  -29
  -30
  -32
  -34
  -36
  -38
  -40
  -42
  -44
  -47
  -50
  -52
Change in working capital, $m
  -13
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  4
  4
  4
  4
Cash from operations, $m
  -9
  -13
  -13
  -14
  -14
  -15
  -16
  -16
  -17
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -28
  -29
  -31
  -33
  -35
  -37
  -39
  -41
  -43
  -46
  -48
  -51
  -54
  -56
Maintenance CAPEX, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
New CAPEX, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash from investing activities, $m
  8
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Free cash flow, $m
  -1
  -13
  -13
  -14
  -14
  -15
  -16
  -16
  -17
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -28
  -29
  -31
  -33
  -35
  -37
  -39
  -41
  -43
  -46
  -48
  -51
  -54
  -56
Issuance/(repayment) of debt, $m
  0
  -7
  12
  14
  15
  17
  18
  20
  22
  23
  25
  27
  29
  31
  33
  35
  37
  39
  41
  43
  46
  48
  51
  54
  56
  59
  63
  66
  69
  73
  77
Issuance/(repurchase) of shares, $m
  -2
  32
  14
  15
  16
  17
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  27
  28
  30
  32
  34
  35
  37
  40
  42
  44
  47
  49
  52
  55
  58
  61
Cash from financing (excl. dividends), $m  
  3
  25
  26
  29
  31
  34
  35
  38
  41
  43
  46
  49
  52
  55
  58
  62
  65
  69
  73
  77
  81
  85
  91
  96
  100
  106
  112
  118
  124
  131
  138
Total cash flow (excl. dividends), $m
  2
  12
  13
  15
  17
  19
  20
  22
  24
  26
  27
  28
  30
  32
  34
  36
  39
  41
  43
  46
  48
  51
  54
  57
  60
  63
  66
  70
  73
  77
  81
Retained Cash Flow (-), $m
  1
  -32
  -14
  -15
  -16
  -17
  -17
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -27
  -28
  -30
  -32
  -34
  -35
  -37
  -40
  -42
  -44
  -47
  -49
  -52
  -55
  -58
  -61
Prev. year cash balance distribution, $m
 
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash flow adjustment, $m
 
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash available for distribution, $m
 
  -20
  -1
  0
  1
  2
  3
  4
  5
  5
  6
  7
  8
  8
  9
  10
  10
  11
  12
  12
  13
  14
  14
  15
  16
  16
  17
  18
  19
  19
  20
Discount rate, %
 
  13.80
  14.49
  15.21
  15.98
  16.77
  17.61
  18.49
  19.42
  20.39
  21.41
  22.48
  23.60
  24.78
  26.02
  27.32
  28.69
  30.12
  31.63
  33.21
  34.87
  36.62
  38.45
  40.37
  42.39
  44.51
  46.73
  49.07
  51.52
  54.10
  56.80
PV of cash for distribution, $m
 
  -18
  -1
  0
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Current shareholders' claim on cash, %
  100
  46.3
  34.0
  24.9
  18.1
  13.1
  9.4
  6.7
  4.8
  3.4
  2.4
  1.7
  1.2
  0.8
  0.6
  0.4
  0.3
  0.2
  0.1
  0.1
  0.1
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0

Institutional Financial Markets, Inc. is a publicly owned investment manager. The firm primarily provides its services to individuals and institutions. It manages separate client-focused fixed income portfolios. Institutional Financial Markets, Inc. also manages funds and collateralized debt obligations for its clients. It invests in the fixed income and alternative investment markets across the globe. The firm’s fixed income investments include U.S. trust preferred securities, European hybrid capital securities, Asian commercial real estate debt, mortgage backed securities, and asset backed securities. Institutional Financial Markets, Inc. was founded in 1999 and is based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania with additional offices in New York City; Boca Raton, Florida; Chicago, Illinois; Bethesda, Maryland; Boston, Massachusetts; Paris, France; and London, United Kingdom.

FINANCIAL RATIOS  of  Institutional Financial Markets (IFMI)

Valuation Ratios
P/E Ratio 7.1
Price to Sales 0.3
Price to Book 0.4
Price to Tangible Book
Price to Cash Flow -1.6
Price to Free Cash Flow -1.6
Growth Rates
Sales Growth Rate 19.6%
Sales - 3 Yr. Growth Rate %
EPS Growth Rate %
EPS - 3 Yr. Growth Rate %
Capital Spending Gr. Rate NaN%
Cap. Spend. - 3 Yr. Gr. Rate -100%
Financial Strength
Quick Ratio 0
Current Ratio NaN
LT Debt to Equity 76.9%
Total Debt to Equity 833.3%
Interest Coverage 0
Management Effectiveness
Return On Assets 0.5%
Ret/ On Assets - 3 Yr. Avg. -0.3%
Return On Total Capital 0.7%
Ret/ On T. Cap. - 3 Yr. Avg. -1.2%
Return On Equity 5.1%
Return On Equity - 3 Yr. Avg. -3.4%
Asset Turnover 0.1
Profitability Ratios
Gross Margin 89.1%
Gross Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 85.2%
EBITDA Margin 7.3%
EBITDA Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. -1.2%
Operating Margin 14.5%
Oper. Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 4%
Pre-Tax Margin 7.3%
Pre-Tax Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. -4.3%
Net Profit Margin 3.6%
Net Profit Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. -3.5%
Effective Tax Rate 25%
Eff/ Tax Rate - 3 Yr. Avg. 8.3%
Payout Ratio 50%

IFMI stock valuation input parameters

Revenue. Company's revenue (or sales) is always the starting point of any cash flow forecast. In the IFMI stock intrinsic value calculation we used $55 million for the last fiscal year's total revenue generated by Institutional Financial Markets. The default revenue input number comes from 2016 income statement of Institutional Financial Markets. You may change it if you feel that it should be adjusted for some unusual circumstances that are not expected to be repeated in the future or if you already know (from interim financial statements, for example) that this year's revenue is going to be quite different.

Revenue growth rate. Forecasted future revenue growth rate is the most important input parameter for the intrinsic value calculation. Unlike other input parameters that are reasonably expected to be in line with their historic averages or their historic trends, the revenue growth rate by and large is a wild card: nobody really knows what the company's revenue will be in the future. Of course, the level of unpredictability is different for different industries (utility companies being the most predictable and, thus, less risky).
    We use three input parameters to forecast the revenue growth rate in our IFMI stock valuation model: a) initial revenue growth rate of 2% whose default value is the revenue growth rate in the most recent quarter compared to the quarterly revenue a year ago; b) terminal revenue growth rate of 5% whose default value is chosen to be close to the average nominal (i.e. not adjusted for inflation) GDP growth rate; and c) revenue decline factor of 0.9, which stipulates that revenue growth rate in each forecasted year will be equal to the difference of the revenue growth rate in the preceding year and the terminal revenue growth rate multiplied by this revenue decline factor (with the passage of time the revenue growth rate will be approaching the terminal revenue growth rate, but not quite reaching it - though the difference could be infinitesimally small).
    At the revenue decline factor of 1, the future revenue growth rate is forecasted to be constant and equal to the initial revenue growth rate. The smaller the revenue decline factor, the faster the revenue growth rate will approach the terminal revenue growth.

Discount rate. The discount rate is used for determining the present value of future cash flows: future cash flows are "discounted" as at normal conditions (that translate into positive expected return on investment) one dollar today is worth more than the same dollar in the future. Unlike all other valuation models, we use variable discount rate, i.e. it increases for each consecutive year. This is done to account for higher risk of cash flows coming in further in the future.
    The initial discount rate of 13.8%, whose default value for IFMI is calculated based on our internal credit rating of Institutional Financial Markets, is applied to the cash flow expected to be received a year from now (well, actually, to be precise, in the financial year following the base year - the last year for which we have financial statements). For each consecutive year the discount rate is multiplied by the discount rate multiplier of 1.05, e.i. each year it increases by 5%. Feel free to change this number to correspond to your level of risk assessment of Institutional Financial Markets.
    By the way, it is easy to set the discount rate to be constant (this would make comparison with other valuation models easier): just set the discount rate multiplier equal to 1 and chose the magnitude of the initial discount rate to your liking.

Variable cost ratio is the ratio of variable costs (i.e. costs that fluctuate with fluctuation of the volume of production) to the revenue expressed as a percentage. In the calculation of intrinsic value of IFMI stock the variable cost ratio is equal to 103.6%.

Fixed operating expenses is just that - expenses that are not dependant on the volume of production. They are set to $0 million in the base year in the intrinsic value calculation for IFMI stock. These expenses increase with the level of inflation in subsequent years.

Interest rate on debt is the average all-in rate of interest paid by the company on its debt. It is set at 3.5% for Institutional Financial Markets.

Corporate tax rate of 27% is the nominal tax rate for Institutional Financial Markets. In reality, companies find ways to pay much less taxes than that or not to pay them at all.

Cash flow adjustment could be used for any adjustment the investor deems necessary. Most commonly we use this field to account for stock options-related effects in excess of what is reported on the company's income statement. The cash flow adjustment is expressed as a percentage of the revenue, and in the current valuation of the IFMI stock is equal to 0%.

Production assets are the company's assets used for manufacturing products or provision of services. In the valuation model input table they are expressed as a percentage of revenue and for IFMI are equal to 0%.

Life of production assets of 10 years is the average useful life of capital assets used in Institutional Financial Markets operations. It is used to calculate yearly capital expenditures needed to keep these assets in good order - we call it the maintenance CAPEX.

Working capital is the difference between the company's current assets and liabilities. In the model we use the ratio of working capital to revenue, which for IFMI is equal to 50%. A negative number means that the company is apt at using financial resources of its suppliers and customers; a large positive number, on the other hand, means that it either provides in-kind financing to others or is not good at managing its inventories.

Book value of equity - $39 million for Institutional Financial Markets - is used in calculation of the "floor" for intrinsic valuation based on the discounted cash flow (DCF) method. Even if the prospects are very bad for a company, its assets could always be sold now for their current fair market value.

Shares outstanding of 11.715 million for Institutional Financial Markets is needed to calculate the intrinsic value of one share.

Market capitalization is used here only for reference purposes and as a quick check that the share price and the number of shares outstanding numbers are correct - something especially to be cognizant about at stock splits. So, the market capitalization of Institutional Financial Markets at the current share price and the inputted number of shares is $0.0 billion.

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COMPANY NEWS

▶ IFMI Reports First Quarter 2017 Financial Results   [May-03-17 08:00AM  GlobeNewswire]
▶ IFMI Announces 2017 Annual Meeting Date   [Apr-07-17 01:35PM  GlobeNewswire]
▶ IFMI Adopts Stockholder Rights Plan   [08:25AM  GlobeNewswire]
▶ IFMI Announces 2015 Annual Meeting Date   [Oct-15  04:01PM  GlobeNewswire]
▶ 10-Q for Institutional Financial Markets, Inc.   [Aug-06  08:09PM  at Company Spotlight]
▶ 10-Q for Institutional Financial Markets, Inc.   [May-07  08:09PM  at Company Spotlight]
▶ 10-Q for Institutional Financial Markets, Inc.   [Nov-05  07:08PM  Company Spotlight]
Stock chart of IFMI Financial statements of IFMI
Valuation of Stocks

The paper VALUATION OF STOCKS: The Quest for Intrinsic Value provides a detailed description of our valuation model and discloses the calculation algorithm.

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