Intrinsic value of S&W Seed - SANW

Previous Close

$3.30

  Intrinsic Value

$0.82

stock screener

  Rating & Target

str. sell

-75%

  Value-price divergence*

+24%

Previous close

$3.30

 
Intrinsic value

$0.82

 
Up/down potential

-75%

 
Rating

str. sell

 
Value-price divergence*

+24%

*Intrinsic value change (in %) minus stock price change (in %) in the past 12 months.

We calculate the intrinsic value of SANW stock by summing up the current values of future distributable cash flows generated by the company and dividing the sum by the number of outstanding shares. As such, the intrinsic value calculation depends entirely on projections. The more accurate your projections of the company's performance are - the more reliable is the intrinsic value calculation result. Please make sure to check the stock valuation input data below and adjust it if necessary. The quality of the output (intrinsic valuation result) is only as good as the quality of the input. See also DISCLAIMERS.

STOCK VALUATION INPUT DATA

Revenue (in 2016), $M
Initial revenue growth rate, %
Terminal revenue growth rate, %
Revenue decline factor
Initial discount rate, %
Discount rate multiplier
Variable cost ratio, %
Fixed operating expenses, $M
Interest rate on debt, %
Effective corporate tax rate, %
Production assets / Revenue, %
Life of production assets, yrs
Working capital / Revenue, %
Revenue / Adjusted assets
Adjusted equity ratio
Cash flow adjustment, % of Revenue
Book value of equity, $M
Shares outstanding, mln
Market capitalization, $bln 0.1

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FORECAST and PRESENT VALUE CALCULATION

Fiscal year
2016(a)
   2017
   2018
   2019
   2020
   2021
   2022
   2023
   2024
   2025
   2026
   2027
   2028
   2029
   2030
   2031
   2032
   2033
   2034
   2035
   2036
   2037
   2038
   2039
   2040
   2041
   2042
   2043
   2044
   2045
   2046

INCOME STATEMENT

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue growth rate, %
  18.52
  2.00
  2.30
  2.57
  2.81
  3.03
  3.23
  3.41
  3.57
  3.71
  3.84
  3.95
  4.06
  4.15
  4.24
  4.31
  4.38
  4.44
  4.50
  4.55
  4.59
  4.64
  4.67
  4.70
  4.73
  4.76
  4.78
  4.81
  4.83
  4.84
  4.86
Revenue, $m
  96
  98
  100
  103
  106
  109
  112
  116
  120
  125
  130
  135
  140
  146
  152
  159
  166
  173
  181
  189
  198
  207
  217
  227
  238
  249
  261
  273
  286
  300
  315
Variable operating expenses, $m
 
  96
  98
  101
  103
  106
  110
  114
  118
  122
  127
  130
  136
  141
  147
  154
  160
  168
  175
  183
  192
  200
  210
  220
  230
  241
  253
  265
  277
  291
  305
Fixed operating expenses, $m
 
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Total operating expenses, $m
  94
  96
  98
  101
  103
  106
  110
  114
  118
  122
  127
  130
  136
  141
  147
  154
  160
  168
  175
  183
  192
  200
  210
  220
  230
  241
  253
  265
  277
  291
  305
Operating income, $m
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  4
  4
  5
  5
  5
  5
  5
  6
  6
  6
  7
  7
  7
  7
  8
  8
  9
  9
  9
  10
EBITDA, $m
  5
  6
  6
  6
  6
  6
  6
  7
  7
  7
  7
  8
  8
  8
  9
  9
  9
  10
  10
  11
  11
  12
  12
  13
  14
  14
  15
  16
  16
  17
  18
Interest expense (income), $m
  2
  1
  1
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  4
  4
  4
  4
  5
  5
  5
  6
  6
  6
  7
  7
Earnings before tax, $m
  -2
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
Tax expense, $m
  -2
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
Net income, $m
  0
  0
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2

BALANCE SHEET

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and short-term investments, $m
  7
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Total assets, $m
  127
  122
  125
  128
  132
  136
  140
  145
  150
  156
  162
  168
  175
  182
  190
  198
  207
  216
  226
  236
  247
  259
  271
  283
  297
  311
  326
  342
  358
  375
  394
Adjusted assets (=assets-cash), $m
  120
  122
  125
  128
  132
  136
  140
  145
  150
  156
  162
  168
  175
  182
  190
  198
  207
  216
  226
  236
  247
  259
  271
  283
  297
  311
  326
  342
  358
  375
  394
Revenue / Adjusted assets
  0.800
  0.803
  0.800
  0.805
  0.803
  0.801
  0.800
  0.800
  0.800
  0.801
  0.802
  0.804
  0.800
  0.802
  0.800
  0.803
  0.802
  0.801
  0.801
  0.801
  0.802
  0.799
  0.801
  0.802
  0.801
  0.801
  0.801
  0.798
  0.799
  0.800
  0.799
Average production assets, $m
  49
  50
  51
  52
  54
  56
  57
  59
  61
  64
  66
  69
  71
  74
  78
  81
  85
  88
  92
  96
  101
  106
  110
  116
  121
  127
  133
  139
  146
  153
  161
Working capital, $m
  17
  35
  35
  36
  37
  39
  40
  41
  43
  44
  46
  48
  50
  52
  54
  56
  59
  61
  64
  67
  70
  73
  77
  80
  84
  88
  92
  97
  101
  106
  111
Total debt, $m
  35
  29
  30
  32
  33
  35
  37
  39
  41
  44
  46
  49
  52
  55
  58
  62
  66
  70
  74
  78
  83
  88
  93
  99
  105
  111
  117
  124
  131
  139
  146
Total liabilities, $m
  59
  53
  54
  56
  57
  59
  61
  63
  65
  68
  70
  73
  76
  79
  82
  86
  90
  94
  98
  102
  107
  112
  117
  123
  129
  135
  141
  148
  155
  163
  170
Total equity, $m
  68
  69
  71
  73
  75
  77
  80
  82
  85
  88
  92
  95
  99
  103
  108
  113
  117
  123
  128
  134
  140
  147
  154
  161
  168
  176
  185
  194
  203
  213
  223
Total liabilities and equity, $m
  127
  122
  125
  129
  132
  136
  141
  145
  150
  156
  162
  168
  175
  182
  190
  199
  207
  217
  226
  236
  247
  259
  271
  284
  297
  311
  326
  342
  358
  376
  393
Debt-to-equity ratio
  0.515
  0.420
  0.430
  0.430
  0.440
  0.450
  0.460
  0.470
  0.480
  0.490
  0.500
  0.510
  0.520
  0.530
  0.540
  0.550
  0.560
  0.570
  0.580
  0.580
  0.590
  0.600
  0.610
  0.610
  0.620
  0.630
  0.630
  0.640
  0.650
  0.650
  0.660
Adjusted equity ratio
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567
  0.567

CASH FLOW

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income, $m
  0
  0
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
Depreciation, amort., depletion, $m
  3
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  3
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  5
  5
  5
  5
  6
  6
  6
  6
  7
  7
  7
  8
  8
Funds from operations, $m
  10
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  5
  5
  5
  5
  5
  5
  5
  5
  6
  6
  6
  6
  7
  7
  7
  7
  8
  8
  8
  9
  9
  9
  10
  10
Change in working capital, $m
  3
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  5
  5
  5
Cash from operations, $m
  7
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  5
  5
  5
  5
Maintenance CAPEX, $m
  0
  -2
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -7
  -8
New CAPEX, $m
  -3
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -7
Cash from investing activities, $m
  -4
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -7
  -8
  -8
  -8
  -9
  -9
  -10
  -10
  -11
  -11
  -12
  -12
  -13
  -14
  -14
  -15
Free cash flow, $m
  3
  0
  0
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -8
  -8
  -9
  -9
  -10
  -10
Issuance/(repayment) of debt, $m
  -13
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  5
  5
  5
  6
  6
  6
  6
  7
  7
  8
  8
Issuance/(repurchase) of shares, $m
  13
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  3
  3
  2
  2
  3
  3
  3
  3
  4
  4
  4
  4
  5
  5
  5
  6
  6
  6
  7
  7
  8
  8
Cash from financing (excl. dividends), $m  
  1
  2
  2
  2
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  5
  6
  5
  5
  6
  6
  7
  7
  8
  8
  8
  9
  10
  10
  11
  12
  12
  12
  14
  14
  16
  16
Total cash flow (excl. dividends), $m
  3
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  3
  3
  3
  3
  2
  2
  2
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  5
  5
  5
  5
  6
  6
Retained Cash Flow (-), $m
  -16
  -1
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -8
  -8
  -8
  -9
  -9
  -10
  -10
Prev. year cash balance distribution, $m
 
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash flow adjustment, $m
 
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash available for distribution, $m
 
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
Discount rate, %
 
  6.70
  7.04
  7.39
  7.76
  8.14
  8.55
  8.98
  9.43
  9.90
  10.39
  10.91
  11.46
  12.03
  12.63
  13.27
  13.93
  14.63
  15.36
  16.12
  16.93
  17.78
  18.67
  19.60
  20.58
  21.61
  22.69
  23.82
  25.01
  26.26
  27.58
PV of cash for distribution, $m
 
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Current shareholders' claim on cash, %
  100
  98.5
  96.7
  94.7
  92.5
  90.1
  87.6
  84.9
  82.2
  79.5
  76.7
  74.7
  72.5
  70.3
  68.1
  65.9
  63.6
  61.4
  59.2
  57.1
  54.9
  52.8
  50.8
  48.8
  46.9
  45.0
  43.1
  41.3
  39.6
  37.9
  36.3

S&W Seed Company, an agricultural company, engages in breeding, growing, processing, and selling alfalfa seeds. It primarily offers alfalfa seeds varieties; seed cleaning and processing for other seed manufacturers, as well as conducts a stevia breeding program. The company sells its seeds to distributors and dealers in approximately 30 countries worldwide. S&W Seed Company was founded in 1980 and is headquartered in Hanford, California.

FINANCIAL RATIOS  of  S&W Seed (SANW)

Valuation Ratios
P/E Ratio 0
Price to Sales 0.6
Price to Book 0.8
Price to Tangible Book
Price to Cash Flow 8
Price to Free Cash Flow 14.1
Growth Rates
Sales Growth Rate 18.5%
Sales - 3 Yr. Growth Rate %
EPS Growth Rate %
EPS - 3 Yr. Growth Rate %
Capital Spending Gr. Rate 50%
Cap. Spend. - 3 Yr. Gr. Rate -17.8%
Financial Strength
Quick Ratio 0
Current Ratio 0
LT Debt to Equity 16.2%
Total Debt to Equity 51.5%
Interest Coverage 0
Management Effectiveness
Return On Assets 0%
Ret/ On Assets - 3 Yr. Avg. -0.3%
Return On Total Capital 0%
Ret/ On T. Cap. - 3 Yr. Avg. -1.2%
Return On Equity 0%
Return On Equity - 3 Yr. Avg. -1.9%
Asset Turnover 0.8
Profitability Ratios
Gross Margin 18.8%
Gross Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 19.7%
EBITDA Margin 3.1%
EBITDA Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 1.9%
Operating Margin 2.1%
Oper. Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 2.8%
Pre-Tax Margin -2.1%
Pre-Tax Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. -2.3%
Net Profit Margin 0%
Net Profit Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. -1.2%
Effective Tax Rate 100%
Eff/ Tax Rate - 3 Yr. Avg. 41.7%
Payout Ratio 0%

SANW stock valuation input parameters

Revenue. Company's revenue (or sales) is always the starting point of any cash flow forecast. In the SANW stock intrinsic value calculation we used $96 million for the last fiscal year's total revenue generated by S&W Seed. The default revenue input number comes from 2016 income statement of S&W Seed. You may change it if you feel that it should be adjusted for some unusual circumstances that are not expected to be repeated in the future or if you already know (from interim financial statements, for example) that this year's revenue is going to be quite different.

Revenue growth rate. Forecasted future revenue growth rate is the most important input parameter for the intrinsic value calculation. Unlike other input parameters that are reasonably expected to be in line with their historic averages or their historic trends, the revenue growth rate by and large is a wild card: nobody really knows what the company's revenue will be in the future. Of course, the level of unpredictability is different for different industries (utility companies being the most predictable and, thus, less risky).
    We use three input parameters to forecast the revenue growth rate in our SANW stock valuation model: a) initial revenue growth rate of 2% whose default value is the revenue growth rate in the most recent quarter compared to the quarterly revenue a year ago; b) terminal revenue growth rate of 5% whose default value is chosen to be close to the average nominal (i.e. not adjusted for inflation) GDP growth rate; and c) revenue decline factor of 0.9, which stipulates that revenue growth rate in each forecasted year will be equal to the difference of the revenue growth rate in the preceding year and the terminal revenue growth rate multiplied by this revenue decline factor (with the passage of time the revenue growth rate will be approaching the terminal revenue growth rate, but not quite reaching it - though the difference could be infinitesimally small).
    At the revenue decline factor of 1, the future revenue growth rate is forecasted to be constant and equal to the initial revenue growth rate. The smaller the revenue decline factor, the faster the revenue growth rate will approach the terminal revenue growth.

Discount rate. The discount rate is used for determining the present value of future cash flows: future cash flows are "discounted" as at normal conditions (that translate into positive expected return on investment) one dollar today is worth more than the same dollar in the future. Unlike all other valuation models, we use variable discount rate, i.e. it increases for each consecutive year. This is done to account for higher risk of cash flows coming in further in the future.
    The initial discount rate of 6.7%, whose default value for SANW is calculated based on our internal credit rating of S&W Seed, is applied to the cash flow expected to be received a year from now (well, actually, to be precise, in the financial year following the base year - the last year for which we have financial statements). For each consecutive year the discount rate is multiplied by the discount rate multiplier of 1.05, e.i. each year it increases by 5%. Feel free to change this number to correspond to your level of risk assessment of S&W Seed.
    By the way, it is easy to set the discount rate to be constant (this would make comparison with other valuation models easier): just set the discount rate multiplier equal to 1 and chose the magnitude of the initial discount rate to your liking.

Variable cost ratio is the ratio of variable costs (i.e. costs that fluctuate with fluctuation of the volume of production) to the revenue expressed as a percentage. In the calculation of intrinsic value of SANW stock the variable cost ratio is equal to 97.9%.

Fixed operating expenses is just that - expenses that are not dependant on the volume of production. They are set to $0 million in the base year in the intrinsic value calculation for SANW stock. These expenses increase with the level of inflation in subsequent years.

Interest rate on debt is the average all-in rate of interest paid by the company on its debt. It is set at 5% for S&W Seed.

Corporate tax rate of 27% is the nominal tax rate for S&W Seed. In reality, companies find ways to pay much less taxes than that or not to pay them at all.

Cash flow adjustment could be used for any adjustment the investor deems necessary. Most commonly we use this field to account for stock options-related effects in excess of what is reported on the company's income statement. The cash flow adjustment is expressed as a percentage of the revenue, and in the current valuation of the SANW stock is equal to 0%.

Production assets are the company's assets used for manufacturing products or provision of services. In the valuation model input table they are expressed as a percentage of revenue and for SANW are equal to 51%.

Life of production assets of 19.7 years is the average useful life of capital assets used in S&W Seed operations. It is used to calculate yearly capital expenditures needed to keep these assets in good order - we call it the maintenance CAPEX.

Working capital is the difference between the company's current assets and liabilities. In the model we use the ratio of working capital to revenue, which for SANW is equal to 35.4%. A negative number means that the company is apt at using financial resources of its suppliers and customers; a large positive number, on the other hand, means that it either provides in-kind financing to others or is not good at managing its inventories.

Book value of equity - $68 million for S&W Seed - is used in calculation of the "floor" for intrinsic valuation based on the discounted cash flow (DCF) method. Even if the prospects are very bad for a company, its assets could always be sold now for their current fair market value.

Shares outstanding of 17.767 million for S&W Seed is needed to calculate the intrinsic value of one share.

Market capitalization is used here only for reference purposes and as a quick check that the share price and the number of shares outstanding numbers are correct - something especially to be cognizant about at stock splits. So, the market capitalization of S&W Seed at the current share price and the inputted number of shares is $0.1 billion.

RELATED COMPANIES Price Int.Val. Rating
MON Monsanto 116.87 151.09  buy

COMPANY NEWS

▶ ETFs with exposure to S&W Seed Co. : August 1, 2017   [Aug-01-17 05:17PM  Capital Cube]
▶ Banco Santander posts 2Q profit   [Jul-28-17 08:22PM  Associated Press]
▶ SANW: S&W Seed raises $10 million and revises fourth quarter guidance.   [Jul-20-17 11:00AM  Zacks Small Cap Research]
▶ S&W Announces Its Intent to Pursue a Rights Offering   [Jul-19-17 06:30PM  PR Newswire]
▶ ETFs with exposure to S&W Seed Co. : June 22, 2017   [Jun-22-17 04:22PM  Capital Cube]
▶ SANW: Mark Wong named CEO   [Jun-21-17 05:00PM  Zacks Small Cap Research]
▶ Mark Wong Appointed CEO of S&W Seed Company   [Jun-20-17 06:30PM  PR Newswire]
▶ S&W Seed meets 3Q profit forecasts   [May-10-17 04:40PM  Associated Press]
▶ SANW has been granted another patent on stevia.   [May-02-17 01:00PM  Zacks Small Cap Research]
▶ S&W Commences Commercial-Scale Sorghum Production   [Jan-19-17 08:31AM  PR Newswire]
▶ S&W Seed Company (SANW): How Does It Stack Up Against Its Peers?   [Dec-14-16 11:50PM  at Insider Monkey]
Stock chart of SANW Financial statements of SANW
Valuation of Stocks

The paper VALUATION OF STOCKS: The Quest for Intrinsic Value provides a detailed description of our valuation model and discloses the calculation algorithm.

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