Intrinsic value of Sonic - SONC

Previous Close

$24.10

  Intrinsic Value

$3.36

stock screener

  Rating & Target

str. sell

-86%

  Value-price divergence*

-65%

Previous close

$24.10

 
Intrinsic value

$3.36

 
Up/down potential

-86%

 
Rating

str. sell

 
Value-price divergence*

-65%

*Intrinsic value change (in %) minus stock price change (in %) in the past 12 months.

We calculate the intrinsic value of SONC stock by summing up the current values of future distributable cash flows generated by the company and dividing the sum by the number of outstanding shares. As such, the intrinsic value calculation depends entirely on projections. The more accurate your projections of the company's performance are - the more reliable is the intrinsic value calculation result. Please make sure to check the stock valuation input data below and adjust it if necessary. The quality of the output (intrinsic valuation result) is only as good as the quality of the input. See also DISCLAIMERS.

STOCK VALUATION INPUT DATA

Revenue (in 2016), $M
Initial revenue growth rate, %
Terminal revenue growth rate, %
Revenue decline factor
Initial discount rate, %
Discount rate multiplier
Variable cost ratio, %
Fixed operating expenses, $M
Interest rate on debt, %
Effective corporate tax rate, %
Production assets / Revenue, %
Life of production assets, yrs
Working capital / Revenue, %
Revenue / Adjusted assets
Adjusted equity ratio
Cash flow adjustment, % of Revenue
Book value of equity, $M
Shares outstanding, mln
Market capitalization, $bln 1.0

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FORECAST and PRESENT VALUE CALCULATION

Fiscal year
2016(a)
   2017
   2018
   2019
   2020
   2021
   2022
   2023
   2024
   2025
   2026
   2027
   2028
   2029
   2030
   2031
   2032
   2033
   2034
   2035
   2036
   2037
   2038
   2039
   2040
   2041
   2042
   2043
   2044
   2045
   2046

INCOME STATEMENT

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue growth rate, %
  0.00
  2.00
  2.30
  2.57
  2.81
  3.03
  3.23
  3.41
  3.57
  3.71
  3.84
  3.95
  4.06
  4.15
  4.24
  4.31
  4.38
  4.44
  4.50
  4.55
  4.59
  4.64
  4.67
  4.70
  4.73
  4.76
  4.78
  4.81
  4.83
  4.84
  4.86
Revenue, $m
  606
  618
  632
  649
  667
  687
  709
  733
  760
  788
  818
  850
  885
  922
  961
  1,002
  1,046
  1,092
  1,142
  1,193
  1,248
  1,306
  1,367
  1,432
  1,499
  1,571
  1,646
  1,725
  1,808
  1,896
  1,988
Variable operating expenses, $m
 
  500
  511
  524
  539
  555
  572
  592
  613
  635
  659
  677
  705
  734
  765
  798
  833
  870
  909
  950
  994
  1,040
  1,089
  1,140
  1,194
  1,251
  1,311
  1,374
  1,440
  1,510
  1,583
Fixed operating expenses, $m
 
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Total operating expenses, $m
  488
  500
  511
  524
  539
  555
  572
  592
  613
  635
  659
  677
  705
  734
  765
  798
  833
  870
  909
  950
  994
  1,040
  1,089
  1,140
  1,194
  1,251
  1,311
  1,374
  1,440
  1,510
  1,583
Operating income, $m
  119
  118
  121
  124
  128
  132
  137
  142
  147
  153
  159
  173
  180
  188
  196
  204
  213
  223
  233
  243
  254
  266
  279
  292
  305
  320
  335
  351
  368
  386
  405
EBITDA, $m
  163
  164
  168
  172
  177
  182
  188
  195
  202
  209
  217
  226
  235
  244
  255
  266
  277
  290
  303
  317
  331
  347
  363
  380
  398
  417
  437
  458
  480
  503
  527
Interest expense (income), $m
  25
  28
  22
  23
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  29
  30
  31
  33
  34
  36
  38
  40
  42
  44
  46
  49
  51
  54
  57
  60
  63
  66
  69
  73
  77
  81
Earnings before tax, $m
  93
  90
  99
  102
  105
  108
  112
  115
  120
  124
  129
  142
  147
  153
  160
  166
  173
  181
  189
  197
  206
  215
  225
  235
  246
  257
  269
  282
  295
  309
  324
Tax expense, $m
  29
  24
  27
  27
  28
  29
  30
  31
  32
  34
  35
  38
  40
  41
  43
  45
  47
  49
  51
  53
  56
  58
  61
  63
  66
  69
  73
  76
  80
  83
  87
Net income, $m
  64
  66
  72
  74
  76
  79
  81
  84
  87
  91
  94
  104
  108
  112
  117
  121
  126
  132
  138
  144
  150
  157
  164
  172
  179
  188
  197
  206
  216
  226
  237

BALANCE SHEET

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and short-term investments, $m
  72
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Total assets, $m
  660
  673
  689
  707
  726
  748
  773
  799
  827
  858
  891
  926
  964
  1,004
  1,046
  1,092
  1,139
  1,190
  1,244
  1,300
  1,360
  1,423
  1,489
  1,559
  1,633
  1,711
  1,793
  1,879
  1,970
  2,065
  2,165
Adjusted assets (=assets-cash), $m
  588
  673
  689
  707
  726
  748
  773
  799
  827
  858
  891
  926
  964
  1,004
  1,046
  1,092
  1,139
  1,190
  1,244
  1,300
  1,360
  1,423
  1,489
  1,559
  1,633
  1,711
  1,793
  1,879
  1,970
  2,065
  2,165
Revenue / Adjusted assets
  1.031
  0.918
  0.917
  0.918
  0.919
  0.918
  0.917
  0.917
  0.919
  0.918
  0.918
  0.918
  0.918
  0.918
  0.919
  0.918
  0.918
  0.918
  0.918
  0.918
  0.918
  0.918
  0.918
  0.919
  0.918
  0.918
  0.918
  0.918
  0.918
  0.918
  0.918
Average production assets, $m
  422
  430
  440
  451
  464
  478
  494
  510
  529
  548
  569
  592
  616
  641
  669
  697
  728
  760
  795
  831
  869
  909
  952
  996
  1,044
  1,093
  1,145
  1,201
  1,258
  1,319
  1,384
Working capital, $m
  63
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -7
  -8
  -8
  -8
  -9
  -9
  -10
  -10
  -10
  -11
  -12
  -12
  -13
  -13
  -14
Total debt, $m
  600
  470
  484
  500
  518
  538
  559
  583
  609
  636
  666
  698
  731
  767
  806
  846
  889
  935
  983
  1,034
  1,088
  1,145
  1,204
  1,267
  1,334
  1,404
  1,478
  1,555
  1,637
  1,723
  1,813
Total liabilities, $m
  736
  606
  620
  636
  654
  674
  695
  719
  745
  772
  802
  834
  867
  903
  942
  982
  1,025
  1,071
  1,119
  1,170
  1,224
  1,281
  1,340
  1,403
  1,470
  1,540
  1,614
  1,691
  1,773
  1,859
  1,949
Total equity, $m
  -76
  67
  69
  71
  73
  75
  77
  80
  83
  86
  89
  93
  96
  100
  105
  109
  114
  119
  124
  130
  136
  142
  149
  156
  163
  171
  179
  188
  197
  207
  217
Total liabilities and equity, $m
  660
  673
  689
  707
  727
  749
  772
  799
  828
  858
  891
  927
  963
  1,003
  1,047
  1,091
  1,139
  1,190
  1,243
  1,300
  1,360
  1,423
  1,489
  1,559
  1,633
  1,711
  1,793
  1,879
  1,970
  2,066
  2,166
Debt-to-equity ratio
  -7.895
  6.980
  7.030
  7.080
  7.130
  7.180
  7.240
  7.300
  7.360
  7.420
  7.470
  7.530
  7.590
  7.650
  7.700
  7.750
  7.810
  7.860
  7.910
  7.950
  8.000
  8.040
  8.090
  8.130
  8.170
  8.210
  8.240
  8.280
  8.310
  8.340
  8.370
Adjusted equity ratio
  -0.252
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100

CASH FLOW

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income, $m
  64
  66
  72
  74
  76
  79
  81
  84
  87
  91
  94
  104
  108
  112
  117
  121
  126
  132
  138
  144
  150
  157
  164
  172
  179
  188
  197
  206
  216
  226
  237
Depreciation, amort., depletion, $m
  44
  46
  47
  48
  49
  50
  51
  53
  54
  56
  58
  52
  54
  57
  59
  62
  64
  67
  70
  74
  77
  80
  84
  88
  92
  97
  101
  106
  111
  117
  122
Funds from operations, $m
  111
  111
  119
  122
  125
  129
  133
  137
  142
  147
  152
  156
  162
  169
  176
  183
  191
  199
  208
  217
  227
  237
  248
  260
  272
  285
  298
  312
  327
  343
  359
Change in working capital, $m
  -5
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
Cash from operations, $m
  116
  112
  119
  122
  125
  129
  133
  137
  142
  147
  152
  156
  162
  169
  176
  183
  191
  200
  208
  218
  227
  238
  249
  260
  272
  285
  298
  313
  327
  343
  360
Maintenance CAPEX, $m
  0
  -37
  -38
  -39
  -40
  -41
  -42
  -44
  -45
  -47
  -49
  -50
  -52
  -54
  -57
  -59
  -62
  -64
  -67
  -70
  -74
  -77
  -80
  -84
  -88
  -92
  -97
  -101
  -106
  -111
  -117
New CAPEX, $m
  -47
  -9
  -10
  -11
  -13
  -14
  -15
  -17
  -18
  -20
  -21
  -23
  -24
  -26
  -27
  -29
  -31
  -32
  -34
  -36
  -38
  -40
  -42
  -45
  -47
  -50
  -52
  -55
  -58
  -61
  -64
Cash from investing activities, $m
  -34
  -46
  -48
  -50
  -53
  -55
  -57
  -61
  -63
  -67
  -70
  -73
  -76
  -80
  -84
  -88
  -93
  -96
  -101
  -106
  -112
  -117
  -122
  -129
  -135
  -142
  -149
  -156
  -164
  -172
  -181
Free cash flow, $m
  82
  66
  71
  72
  73
  74
  75
  77
  79
  81
  83
  83
  86
  89
  92
  95
  99
  103
  107
  111
  116
  121
  126
  131
  137
  143
  149
  156
  163
  171
  179
Issuance/(repayment) of debt, $m
  141
  -130
  14
  16
  18
  20
  22
  24
  26
  28
  30
  32
  34
  36
  38
  41
  43
  46
  48
  51
  54
  57
  60
  63
  66
  70
  74
  78
  82
  86
  90
Issuance/(repurchase) of shares, $m
  -147
  78
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash from financing (excl. dividends), $m  
  -16
  -52
  14
  16
  18
  20
  22
  24
  26
  28
  30
  32
  34
  36
  38
  41
  43
  46
  48
  51
  54
  57
  60
  63
  66
  70
  74
  78
  82
  86
  90
Total cash flow (excl. dividends), $m
  66
  13
  85
  88
  91
  94
  97
  100
  104
  108
  113
  115
  120
  125
  130
  136
  142
  148
  155
  162
  170
  177
  186
  194
  203
  213
  223
  234
  245
  257
  269
Retained Cash Flow (-), $m
  93
  -143
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -7
  -8
  -8
  -9
  -9
  -10
  -10
Prev. year cash balance distribution, $m
 
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash flow adjustment, $m
 
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash available for distribution, $m
 
  -130
  83
  86
  89
  91
  95
  98
  101
  105
  109
  111
  116
  121
  126
  131
  137
  143
  150
  156
  164
  171
  179
  187
  196
  205
  215
  225
  236
  247
  259
Discount rate, %
 
  12.90
  13.55
  14.22
  14.93
  15.68
  16.46
  17.29
  18.15
  19.06
  20.01
  21.01
  22.06
  23.17
  24.32
  25.54
  26.82
  28.16
  29.57
  31.05
  32.60
  34.23
  35.94
  37.74
  39.62
  41.60
  43.68
  45.87
  48.16
  50.57
  53.10
PV of cash for distribution, $m
 
  -115
  65
  58
  51
  44
  38
  32
  27
  22
  18
  14
  11
  8
  6
  4
  3
  2
  1
  1
  1
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Current shareholders' claim on cash, %
  100
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0
  50.0

Sonic Corp. operates and franchises a chain of quick-service drive-in restaurants in the United States. As of August 31, 2016, the company operated 3,557 Sonic Drive-Ins in 45 states, of which 345 were owned and operated by the company and 3,212 were owned and operated by franchisees. It also leases real estate properties to franchisees. The company was founded in 1953 and is headquartered in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.

FINANCIAL RATIOS  of  Sonic (SONC)

Valuation Ratios
P/E Ratio 17.6
Price to Sales 1.9
Price to Book -14.8
Price to Tangible Book
Price to Cash Flow 9.7
Price to Free Cash Flow 16.3
Growth Rates
Sales Growth Rate 0%
Sales - 3 Yr. Growth Rate %
EPS Growth Rate %
EPS - 3 Yr. Growth Rate %
Capital Spending Gr. Rate 11.9%
Cap. Spend. - 3 Yr. Gr. Rate 2.8%
Financial Strength
Quick Ratio 14
Current Ratio 0.3
LT Debt to Equity -782.9%
Total Debt to Equity -789.5%
Interest Coverage 5
Management Effectiveness
Return On Assets 12.7%
Ret/ On Assets - 3 Yr. Avg. 11.7%
Return On Total Capital 12.8%
Ret/ On T. Cap. - 3 Yr. Avg. 11.5%
Return On Equity -216.9%
Return On Equity - 3 Yr. Avg. 3.9%
Asset Turnover 0.9
Profitability Ratios
Gross Margin 55.8%
Gross Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 54.8%
EBITDA Margin 26.7%
EBITDA Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 26.2%
Operating Margin 19.5%
Oper. Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 18.8%
Pre-Tax Margin 15.3%
Pre-Tax Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 14.6%
Net Profit Margin 10.6%
Net Profit Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 9.9%
Effective Tax Rate 31.2%
Eff/ Tax Rate - 3 Yr. Avg. 32.3%
Payout Ratio 32.8%

SONC stock valuation input parameters

Revenue. Company's revenue (or sales) is always the starting point of any cash flow forecast. In the SONC stock intrinsic value calculation we used $606 million for the last fiscal year's total revenue generated by Sonic. The default revenue input number comes from 2016 income statement of Sonic. You may change it if you feel that it should be adjusted for some unusual circumstances that are not expected to be repeated in the future or if you already know (from interim financial statements, for example) that this year's revenue is going to be quite different.

Revenue growth rate. Forecasted future revenue growth rate is the most important input parameter for the intrinsic value calculation. Unlike other input parameters that are reasonably expected to be in line with their historic averages or their historic trends, the revenue growth rate by and large is a wild card: nobody really knows what the company's revenue will be in the future. Of course, the level of unpredictability is different for different industries (utility companies being the most predictable and, thus, less risky).
    We use three input parameters to forecast the revenue growth rate in our SONC stock valuation model: a) initial revenue growth rate of 2% whose default value is the revenue growth rate in the most recent quarter compared to the quarterly revenue a year ago; b) terminal revenue growth rate of 5% whose default value is chosen to be close to the average nominal (i.e. not adjusted for inflation) GDP growth rate; and c) revenue decline factor of 0.9, which stipulates that revenue growth rate in each forecasted year will be equal to the difference of the revenue growth rate in the preceding year and the terminal revenue growth rate multiplied by this revenue decline factor (with the passage of time the revenue growth rate will be approaching the terminal revenue growth rate, but not quite reaching it - though the difference could be infinitesimally small).
    At the revenue decline factor of 1, the future revenue growth rate is forecasted to be constant and equal to the initial revenue growth rate. The smaller the revenue decline factor, the faster the revenue growth rate will approach the terminal revenue growth.

Discount rate. The discount rate is used for determining the present value of future cash flows: future cash flows are "discounted" as at normal conditions (that translate into positive expected return on investment) one dollar today is worth more than the same dollar in the future. Unlike all other valuation models, we use variable discount rate, i.e. it increases for each consecutive year. This is done to account for higher risk of cash flows coming in further in the future.
    The initial discount rate of 12.9%, whose default value for SONC is calculated based on our internal credit rating of Sonic, is applied to the cash flow expected to be received a year from now (well, actually, to be precise, in the financial year following the base year - the last year for which we have financial statements). For each consecutive year the discount rate is multiplied by the discount rate multiplier of 1.05, e.i. each year it increases by 5%. Feel free to change this number to correspond to your level of risk assessment of Sonic.
    By the way, it is easy to set the discount rate to be constant (this would make comparison with other valuation models easier): just set the discount rate multiplier equal to 1 and chose the magnitude of the initial discount rate to your liking.

Variable cost ratio is the ratio of variable costs (i.e. costs that fluctuate with fluctuation of the volume of production) to the revenue expressed as a percentage. In the calculation of intrinsic value of SONC stock the variable cost ratio is equal to 80.9%.

Fixed operating expenses is just that - expenses that are not dependant on the volume of production. They are set to $0 million in the base year in the intrinsic value calculation for SONC stock. These expenses increase with the level of inflation in subsequent years.

Interest rate on debt is the average all-in rate of interest paid by the company on its debt. It is set at 4.7% for Sonic.

Corporate tax rate of 27% is the nominal tax rate for Sonic. In reality, companies find ways to pay much less taxes than that or not to pay them at all.

Cash flow adjustment could be used for any adjustment the investor deems necessary. Most commonly we use this field to account for stock options-related effects in excess of what is reported on the company's income statement. The cash flow adjustment is expressed as a percentage of the revenue, and in the current valuation of the SONC stock is equal to 0%.

Production assets are the company's assets used for manufacturing products or provision of services. In the valuation model input table they are expressed as a percentage of revenue and for SONC are equal to 69.6%.

Life of production assets of 11.3 years is the average useful life of capital assets used in Sonic operations. It is used to calculate yearly capital expenditures needed to keep these assets in good order - we call it the maintenance CAPEX.

Working capital is the difference between the company's current assets and liabilities. In the model we use the ratio of working capital to revenue, which for SONC is equal to -0.7%. A negative number means that the company is apt at using financial resources of its suppliers and customers; a large positive number, on the other hand, means that it either provides in-kind financing to others or is not good at managing its inventories.

Book value of equity - $-76 million for Sonic - is used in calculation of the "floor" for intrinsic valuation based on the discounted cash flow (DCF) method. Even if the prospects are very bad for a company, its assets could always be sold now for their current fair market value.

Shares outstanding of 43.103 million for Sonic is needed to calculate the intrinsic value of one share.

Market capitalization is used here only for reference purposes and as a quick check that the share price and the number of shares outstanding numbers are correct - something especially to be cognizant about at stock splits. So, the market capitalization of Sonic at the current share price and the inputted number of shares is $1.0 billion.

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COMPANY NEWS

▶ Sonic Appoints Chief Brand Officer   [Aug-09-17 04:05PM  Business Wire]
▶ ETFs with exposure to Sonic Corp. : August 4, 2017   [Aug-03-17 09:27PM  Capital Cube]
▶ Sonic Declares Quarterly Dividend   [Jul-06-17 04:05PM  Business Wire]
▶ ETFs with exposure to Sonic Corp. : July 4, 2017   [Jul-04-17 03:29PM  Capital Cube]
▶ Sonic, Forestar post gains; BlackBerry, Regeneron fall   [Jun-23-17 05:14PM  Associated Press]
▶ Story Stocks from Briefing.com   [09:15AM  Briefing.com]
▶ Sonic beats 3Q profit forecasts   [Jun-22-17 08:51PM  Associated Press]
▶ 5 Must-See Earnings Charts   [Jun-21-17 04:19PM  Zacks]
▶ Sonic Appoints New Chief Marketing Officer   [Jun-15-17 05:00PM  Business Wire]
▶ Mason Hawkins Buys Consol Energy, Viasat, Sonic   [Jun-09-17 04:59PM  GuruFocus.com]
▶ Sonic to Present at Upcoming Conferences   [Jun-02-17 09:40AM  Business Wire]
▶ McDonald's New Drink Line Should Worry Sonic   [May-02-17 11:31AM  Motley Fool]
▶ Amazon Price Target Raised To 1,250; Disney Downgraded; Sonic Upgraded   [Apr-24-17 04:32PM  Investor's Business Daily]
▶ Sonic Declares Quarterly Dividend   [Apr-20-17 05:54PM  Business Wire]
▶ ETFs with exposure to Sonic Corp. : April 10, 2017   [Apr-10-17 01:57PM  Capital Cube]
▶ Ruby Tuesday, Noodles & Co., and Sonic Bounce Back   [Apr-03-17 09:14AM  Motley Fool]
▶ Are Sonic's Earnings a Sign for Value Investors?   [Mar-31-17 02:49PM  Investopedia]
▶ Fast-Food Stocks Not Easy to Stomach   [Mar-30-17 12:17PM  TheStreet.com]
▶ Here's the Dish on Fast-Food Stocks   [10:00AM  TheStreet.com]
▶ What Happened in the Stock Market Today   [Mar-29-17 04:46PM  Motley Fool]
▶ What Happened in the Stock Market Today   [04:46PM  at Motley Fool]
▶ Stock Indexes Little Changed, But Retail Sparkles, Sonic Booms   [12:12PM  Investor's Business Daily]
▶ SONIC Presents Family Night Every Tuesday   [07:55AM  Business Wire]
▶ Why Alphabet, DryShips, and Sonic Slumped Today   [Mar-20-17 05:35PM  at Motley Fool]
▶ Sonic Announces Completion of Refranchising Program   [Mar-02-17 04:05PM  Business Wire]
▶ Sonic Chief Marketing Officer Departs   [05:05PM  Business Wire]
Stock chart of SONC Financial statements of SONC
Valuation of Stocks

The paper VALUATION OF STOCKS: The Quest for Intrinsic Value provides a detailed description of our valuation model and discloses the calculation algorithm.

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