Intrinsic value of Waddell&Reed Financial - WDR

Previous Close

$18.46

  Intrinsic Value

$43.49

stock screener

  Rating & Target

str. buy

+136%

  Value-price divergence*

-16%

Previous close

$18.46

 
Intrinsic value

$43.49

 
Up/down potential

+136%

 
Rating

str. buy

 
Value-price divergence*

-16%

Our model is not good at valuating stocks of financial companies, such as WDR.

*Intrinsic value change (in %) minus stock price change (in %) in the past 12 months.

We calculate the intrinsic value of WDR stock by summing up the current values of future distributable cash flows generated by the company and dividing the sum by the number of outstanding shares. As such, the intrinsic value calculation depends entirely on projections. The more accurate your projections of the company's performance are - the more reliable is the intrinsic value calculation result. Please make sure to check the stock valuation input data below and adjust it if necessary. The quality of the output (intrinsic valuation result) is only as good as the quality of the input. See also DISCLAIMERS.

STOCK VALUATION INPUT DATA

Revenue (in 2016), $M
Initial revenue growth rate, %
Terminal revenue growth rate, %
Revenue decline factor
Initial discount rate, %
Discount rate multiplier
Variable cost ratio, %
Fixed operating expenses, $M
Interest rate on debt, %
Effective corporate tax rate, %
Production assets / Revenue, %
Life of production assets, yrs
Working capital / Revenue, %
Revenue / Adjusted assets
Adjusted equity ratio
Cash flow adjustment, % of Revenue
Book value of equity, $M
Shares outstanding, mln
Market capitalization, $bln 1.6

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FORECAST and PRESENT VALUE CALCULATION

Fiscal year
2016(a)
   2017
   2018
   2019
   2020
   2021
   2022
   2023
   2024
   2025
   2026
   2027
   2028
   2029
   2030
   2031
   2032
   2033
   2034
   2035
   2036
   2037
   2038
   2039
   2040
   2041
   2042
   2043
   2044
   2045
   2046

INCOME STATEMENT

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue growth rate, %
  -18.33
  2.00
  2.30
  2.57
  2.81
  3.03
  3.23
  3.41
  3.57
  3.71
  3.84
  3.95
  4.06
  4.15
  4.24
  4.31
  4.38
  4.44
  4.50
  4.55
  4.59
  4.64
  4.67
  4.70
  4.73
  4.76
  4.78
  4.81
  4.83
  4.84
  4.86
Revenue, $m
  1,239
  1,264
  1,293
  1,326
  1,363
  1,405
  1,450
  1,499
  1,553
  1,610
  1,672
  1,738
  1,809
  1,884
  1,964
  2,049
  2,138
  2,233
  2,334
  2,440
  2,552
  2,671
  2,795
  2,927
  3,065
  3,211
  3,365
  3,527
  3,697
  3,876
  4,064
Variable operating expenses, $m
 
  446
  456
  467
  480
  494
  510
  527
  545
  565
  587
  599
  623
  649
  676
  705
  736
  769
  804
  840
  879
  920
  963
  1,008
  1,056
  1,106
  1,159
  1,214
  1,273
  1,335
  1,400
Fixed operating expenses, $m
 
  595
  609
  625
  640
  656
  673
  689
  707
  724
  742
  761
  780
  800
  820
  840
  861
  883
  905
  927
  950
  974
  999
  1,023
  1,049
  1,075
  1,102
  1,130
  1,158
  1,187
  1,217
Total operating expenses, $m
  1,003
  1,041
  1,065
  1,092
  1,120
  1,150
  1,183
  1,216
  1,252
  1,289
  1,329
  1,360
  1,403
  1,449
  1,496
  1,545
  1,597
  1,652
  1,709
  1,767
  1,829
  1,894
  1,962
  2,031
  2,105
  2,181
  2,261
  2,344
  2,431
  2,522
  2,617
Operating income, $m
  236
  223
  228
  234
  243
  254
  267
  283
  301
  321
  343
  379
  406
  436
  468
  503
  541
  582
  626
  673
  723
  777
  834
  895
  961
  1,030
  1,104
  1,183
  1,266
  1,354
  1,448
EBITDA, $m
  254
  245
  249
  256
  265
  277
  290
  306
  325
  345
  368
  393
  421
  452
  485
  520
  559
  601
  645
  693
  745
  799
  858
  920
  987
  1,057
  1,133
  1,212
  1,297
  1,387
  1,482
Interest expense (income), $m
  10
  10
  10
  11
  11
  12
  13
  14
  15
  17
  18
  20
  21
  23
  24
  26
  28
  30
  33
  35
  38
  40
  43
  46
  49
  52
  56
  59
  63
  67
  71
Earnings before tax, $m
  225
  213
  218
  224
  232
  242
  254
  269
  285
  304
  325
  359
  385
  413
  444
  477
  513
  551
  593
  638
  685
  737
  791
  850
  912
  978
  1,048
  1,123
  1,203
  1,287
  1,377
Tax expense, $m
  77
  58
  59
  60
  63
  65
  69
  73
  77
  82
  88
  97
  104
  112
  120
  129
  138
  149
  160
  172
  185
  199
  214
  229
  246
  264
  283
  303
  325
  348
  372
Net income, $m
  147
  156
  159
  163
  169
  177
  186
  196
  208
  222
  237
  262
  281
  302
  324
  348
  374
  402
  433
  465
  500
  538
  578
  620
  666
  714
  765
  820
  878
  940
  1,005

BALANCE SHEET

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and short-term investments, $m
  884
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Total assets, $m
  1,406
  622
  636
  652
  671
  691
  713
  738
  764
  792
  823
  855
  890
  927
  966
  1,008
  1,052
  1,099
  1,148
  1,200
  1,255
  1,314
  1,375
  1,440
  1,508
  1,580
  1,655
  1,735
  1,818
  1,907
  1,999
Adjusted assets (=assets-cash), $m
  522
  622
  636
  652
  671
  691
  713
  738
  764
  792
  823
  855
  890
  927
  966
  1,008
  1,052
  1,099
  1,148
  1,200
  1,255
  1,314
  1,375
  1,440
  1,508
  1,580
  1,655
  1,735
  1,818
  1,907
  1,999
Revenue / Adjusted assets
  2.374
  2.032
  2.033
  2.034
  2.031
  2.033
  2.034
  2.031
  2.033
  2.033
  2.032
  2.033
  2.033
  2.032
  2.033
  2.033
  2.032
  2.032
  2.033
  2.033
  2.033
  2.033
  2.033
  2.033
  2.032
  2.032
  2.033
  2.033
  2.034
  2.033
  2.033
Average production assets, $m
  150
  153
  156
  160
  165
  170
  175
  181
  188
  195
  202
  210
  219
  228
  238
  248
  259
  270
  282
  295
  309
  323
  338
  354
  371
  389
  407
  427
  447
  469
  492
Working capital, $m
  795
  -91
  -93
  -95
  -98
  -101
  -104
  -108
  -112
  -116
  -120
  -125
  -130
  -136
  -141
  -148
  -154
  -161
  -168
  -176
  -184
  -192
  -201
  -211
  -221
  -231
  -242
  -254
  -266
  -279
  -293
Total debt, $m
  190
  187
  200
  215
  232
  250
  270
  292
  315
  341
  368
  398
  429
  462
  497
  535
  575
  617
  661
  708
  758
  810
  865
  924
  985
  1,050
  1,118
  1,189
  1,265
  1,344
  1,427
Total liabilities, $m
  562
  559
  572
  587
  604
  622
  642
  664
  687
  713
  740
  770
  801
  834
  869
  907
  947
  989
  1,033
  1,080
  1,130
  1,182
  1,237
  1,296
  1,357
  1,422
  1,490
  1,561
  1,637
  1,716
  1,799
Total equity, $m
  844
  62
  64
  65
  67
  69
  71
  74
  76
  79
  82
  86
  89
  93
  97
  101
  105
  110
  115
  120
  126
  131
  137
  144
  151
  158
  166
  173
  182
  191
  200
Total liabilities and equity, $m
  1,406
  621
  636
  652
  671
  691
  713
  738
  763
  792
  822
  856
  890
  927
  966
  1,008
  1,052
  1,099
  1,148
  1,200
  1,256
  1,313
  1,374
  1,440
  1,508
  1,580
  1,656
  1,734
  1,819
  1,907
  1,999
Debt-to-equity ratio
  0.225
  3.020
  3.150
  3.300
  3.450
  3.620
  3.780
  3.960
  4.130
  4.300
  4.480
  4.650
  4.820
  4.990
  5.150
  5.310
  5.460
  5.610
  5.760
  5.900
  6.040
  6.170
  6.290
  6.420
  6.530
  6.640
  6.750
  6.860
  6.950
  7.050
  7.140
Adjusted equity ratio
  -0.077
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100
  0.100

CASH FLOW

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income, $m
  147
  156
  159
  163
  169
  177
  186
  196
  208
  222
  237
  262
  281
  302
  324
  348
  374
  402
  433
  465
  500
  538
  578
  620
  666
  714
  765
  820
  878
  940
  1,005
Depreciation, amort., depletion, $m
  18
  21
  22
  22
  22
  23
  23
  23
  24
  24
  25
  15
  15
  16
  17
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  30
  31
  33
  34
Funds from operations, $m
  39
  177
  181
  185
  191
  199
  208
  219
  232
  246
  262
  277
  296
  317
  340
  365
  392
  421
  453
  486
  522
  560
  601
  645
  692
  741
  794
  850
  909
  973
  1,040
Change in working capital, $m
  -85
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -8
  -8
  -9
  -9
  -9
  -10
  -11
  -11
  -12
  -12
  -13
  -14
Cash from operations, $m
  124
  179
  183
  187
  194
  202
  212
  223
  236
  250
  267
  282
  301
  323
  346
  371
  399
  428
  460
  494
  530
  569
  610
  654
  702
  752
  805
  861
  922
  985
  1,053
Maintenance CAPEX, $m
  0
  -10
  -11
  -11
  -11
  -12
  -12
  -12
  -13
  -13
  -14
  -14
  -15
  -15
  -16
  -17
  -17
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -27
  -28
  -30
  -31
  -33
New CAPEX, $m
  -16
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -8
  -9
  -9
  -10
  -10
  -11
  -11
  -12
  -13
  -14
  -14
  -15
  -16
  -17
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
Cash from investing activities, $m
  76
  -13
  -15
  -15
  -16
  -17
  -17
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -24
  -24
  -26
  -27
  -28
  -29
  -31
  -33
  -35
  -36
  -38
  -40
  -42
  -44
  -46
  -48
  -51
  -53
  -56
Free cash flow, $m
  200
  165
  168
  173
  178
  186
  194
  205
  217
  230
  246
  260
  278
  298
  321
  345
  371
  399
  429
  461
  496
  533
  573
  615
  660
  708
  759
  813
  871
  932
  997
Issuance/(repayment) of debt, $m
  0
  -3
  13
  15
  17
  18
  20
  22
  24
  25
  27
  29
  31
  33
  35
  38
  40
  42
  44
  47
  50
  52
  55
  58
  61
  65
  68
  72
  75
  79
  83
Issuance/(repurchase) of shares, $m
  -50
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash from financing (excl. dividends), $m  
  -50
  -3
  13
  15
  17
  18
  20
  22
  24
  25
  27
  29
  31
  33
  35
  38
  40
  42
  44
  47
  50
  52
  55
  58
  61
  65
  68
  72
  75
  79
  83
Total cash flow (excl. dividends), $m
  150
  163
  181
  187
  195
  204
  214
  227
  240
  256
  273
  289
  309
  332
  356
  382
  410
  441
  473
  508
  545
  585
  628
  673
  721
  773
  827
  885
  947
  1,012
  1,081
Retained Cash Flow (-), $m
  2
  -15
  -1
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -8
  -8
  -8
  -9
  -9
Prev. year cash balance distribution, $m
 
  797
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash flow adjustment, $m
 
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash available for distribution, $m
 
  945
  180
  186
  193
  202
  212
  224
  238
  253
  270
  286
  306
  328
  352
  378
  406
  436
  468
  503
  540
  579
  622
  667
  715
  765
  820
  877
  938
  1,003
  1,072
Discount rate, %
 
  4.30
  4.52
  4.74
  4.98
  5.23
  5.49
  5.76
  6.05
  6.35
  6.67
  7.00
  7.35
  7.72
  8.11
  8.51
  8.94
  9.39
  9.86
  10.35
  10.87
  11.41
  11.98
  12.58
  13.21
  13.87
  14.56
  15.29
  16.05
  16.86
  17.70
PV of cash for distribution, $m
 
  906
  165
  162
  159
  156
  154
  151
  149
  145
  142
  136
  131
  125
  118
  111
  103
  95
  86
  77
  69
  60
  52
  44
  36
  30
  24
  19
  15
  11
  8
Current shareholders' claim on cash, %
  100
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0

Waddell & Reed Financial, Inc., through its subsidiaries, provides investment management and advisory, investment product underwriting and distribution, and shareholder services administration to mutual funds, and institutional and separately managed accounts in the United States. The company acts as an investment adviser for institutional and other private investors, and provides sub advisory services to other investment companies; and underwrites and distributes registered open-end mutual fund portfolios. It also offers fee-based asset allocation investment advisory products to advisors channel customers; distributes business partnersÂ’ variable annuity products, and retirement and life insurance products to advisors channel customers; and sells life insurance and disability products underwritten by various carriers. The company distributes investment products through its wholesale channel comprising other broker/dealers, various retirement platforms, and registered investment advisors, as well as through independent financial advisors; and markets investment advisory services to institutional investors directly or through consultants. Waddell & Reed Financial, Inc. was founded in 1937 and is based in Overland Park, Kansas.

FINANCIAL RATIOS  of  Waddell&Reed Financial (WDR)

Valuation Ratios
P/E Ratio 10.4
Price to Sales 1.2
Price to Book 1.8
Price to Tangible Book
Price to Cash Flow 12.4
Price to Free Cash Flow 14.2
Growth Rates
Sales Growth Rate -18.3%
Sales - 3 Yr. Growth Rate %
EPS Growth Rate %
EPS - 3 Yr. Growth Rate %
Capital Spending Gr. Rate -46.7%
Cap. Spend. - 3 Yr. Gr. Rate -1.2%
Financial Strength
Quick Ratio NaN
Current Ratio 0.1
LT Debt to Equity 22.5%
Total Debt to Equity 22.5%
Interest Coverage 24
Management Effectiveness
Return On Assets 10.4%
Ret/ On Assets - 3 Yr. Avg. 16.4%
Return On Total Capital 14.2%
Ret/ On T. Cap. - 3 Yr. Avg. 24.2%
Return On Equity 17.4%
Return On Equity - 3 Yr. Avg. 30%
Asset Turnover 0.8
Profitability Ratios
Gross Margin 45%
Gross Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 48%
EBITDA Margin 20.4%
EBITDA Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 26.9%
Operating Margin 19%
Oper. Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 25.6%
Pre-Tax Margin 18.2%
Pre-Tax Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 25.1%
Net Profit Margin 11.9%
Net Profit Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 15.9%
Effective Tax Rate 34.2%
Eff/ Tax Rate - 3 Yr. Avg. 36.3%
Payout Ratio 104.1%

WDR stock valuation input parameters

Revenue. Company's revenue (or sales) is always the starting point of any cash flow forecast. In the WDR stock intrinsic value calculation we used $1239 million for the last fiscal year's total revenue generated by Waddell&Reed Financial. The default revenue input number comes from 2016 income statement of Waddell&Reed Financial. You may change it if you feel that it should be adjusted for some unusual circumstances that are not expected to be repeated in the future or if you already know (from interim financial statements, for example) that this year's revenue is going to be quite different.

Revenue growth rate. Forecasted future revenue growth rate is the most important input parameter for the intrinsic value calculation. Unlike other input parameters that are reasonably expected to be in line with their historic averages or their historic trends, the revenue growth rate by and large is a wild card: nobody really knows what the company's revenue will be in the future. Of course, the level of unpredictability is different for different industries (utility companies being the most predictable and, thus, less risky).
    We use three input parameters to forecast the revenue growth rate in our WDR stock valuation model: a) initial revenue growth rate of 2% whose default value is the revenue growth rate in the most recent quarter compared to the quarterly revenue a year ago; b) terminal revenue growth rate of 5% whose default value is chosen to be close to the average nominal (i.e. not adjusted for inflation) GDP growth rate; and c) revenue decline factor of 0.9, which stipulates that revenue growth rate in each forecasted year will be equal to the difference of the revenue growth rate in the preceding year and the terminal revenue growth rate multiplied by this revenue decline factor (with the passage of time the revenue growth rate will be approaching the terminal revenue growth rate, but not quite reaching it - though the difference could be infinitesimally small).
    At the revenue decline factor of 1, the future revenue growth rate is forecasted to be constant and equal to the initial revenue growth rate. The smaller the revenue decline factor, the faster the revenue growth rate will approach the terminal revenue growth.

Discount rate. The discount rate is used for determining the present value of future cash flows: future cash flows are "discounted" as at normal conditions (that translate into positive expected return on investment) one dollar today is worth more than the same dollar in the future. Unlike all other valuation models, we use variable discount rate, i.e. it increases for each consecutive year. This is done to account for higher risk of cash flows coming in further in the future.
    The initial discount rate of 4.3%, whose default value for WDR is calculated based on our internal credit rating of Waddell&Reed Financial, is applied to the cash flow expected to be received a year from now (well, actually, to be precise, in the financial year following the base year - the last year for which we have financial statements). For each consecutive year the discount rate is multiplied by the discount rate multiplier of 1.05, e.i. each year it increases by 5%. Feel free to change this number to correspond to your level of risk assessment of Waddell&Reed Financial.
    By the way, it is easy to set the discount rate to be constant (this would make comparison with other valuation models easier): just set the discount rate multiplier equal to 1 and chose the magnitude of the initial discount rate to your liking.

Variable cost ratio is the ratio of variable costs (i.e. costs that fluctuate with fluctuation of the volume of production) to the revenue expressed as a percentage. In the calculation of intrinsic value of WDR stock the variable cost ratio is equal to 35.3%.

Fixed operating expenses is just that - expenses that are not dependant on the volume of production. They are set to $580 million in the base year in the intrinsic value calculation for WDR stock. These expenses increase with the level of inflation in subsequent years.

Interest rate on debt is the average all-in rate of interest paid by the company on its debt. It is set at 5.3% for Waddell&Reed Financial.

Corporate tax rate of 27% is the nominal tax rate for Waddell&Reed Financial. In reality, companies find ways to pay much less taxes than that or not to pay them at all.

Cash flow adjustment could be used for any adjustment the investor deems necessary. Most commonly we use this field to account for stock options-related effects in excess of what is reported on the company's income statement. The cash flow adjustment is expressed as a percentage of the revenue, and in the current valuation of the WDR stock is equal to 0%.

Production assets are the company's assets used for manufacturing products or provision of services. In the valuation model input table they are expressed as a percentage of revenue and for WDR are equal to 12.1%.

Life of production assets of 14.3 years is the average useful life of capital assets used in Waddell&Reed Financial operations. It is used to calculate yearly capital expenditures needed to keep these assets in good order - we call it the maintenance CAPEX.

Working capital is the difference between the company's current assets and liabilities. In the model we use the ratio of working capital to revenue, which for WDR is equal to -7.2%. A negative number means that the company is apt at using financial resources of its suppliers and customers; a large positive number, on the other hand, means that it either provides in-kind financing to others or is not good at managing its inventories.

Book value of equity - $844 million for Waddell&Reed Financial - is used in calculation of the "floor" for intrinsic valuation based on the discounted cash flow (DCF) method. Even if the prospects are very bad for a company, its assets could always be sold now for their current fair market value.

Shares outstanding of 84.021 million for Waddell&Reed Financial is needed to calculate the intrinsic value of one share.

Market capitalization is used here only for reference purposes and as a quick check that the share price and the number of shares outstanding numbers are correct - something especially to be cognizant about at stock splits. So, the market capitalization of Waddell&Reed Financial at the current share price and the inputted number of shares is $1.6 billion.

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COMPANY NEWS

▶ Waddell & Reed: A Safe Dividend?   [Aug-02-17 11:30AM  Barrons.com]
▶ Waddell & Reed beats Street 2Q forecasts   [Aug-01-17 09:41PM  Associated Press]
▶ Outflows are slowing, but Waddell continues shedding AUM   [12:43PM  American City Business Journals]
▶ Danger Lurks for These 3 High-Yield Dividend Stocks   [Jun-22-17 07:12AM  Motley Fool]
▶ Ivy Partners with PineBridge to Offer New High Yield Fund   [May-18-17 06:45AM  Business Wire]
▶ Waddell & Reed misses Street 1Q forecasts   [May-02-17 06:59AM  Associated Press]
▶ Fund Companies Making Layoffs   [Apr-17-17 07:00AM  Morningstar]
▶ Which KC-area stocks had the best, worst March? Take a look   [Apr-03-17 04:50PM  at bizjournals.com]
▶ Which KC-area stocks had the best, worst February? Take a look   [Mar-03-17 04:00PM  at bizjournals.com]
▶ Which KC-area stocks had the best, worst February? Take a look   [04:00PM  American City Business Journals]
▶ The Bear Case For Waddell & Reed   [Feb-01-17 01:59PM  at Barrons.com]
▶ Ivy Expands Lineup with Ivy IG International Small Cap Fund   [Jan-10-17 06:45AM  Business Wire]
▶ Top Ranked Value Stocks to Buy for January 5th   [Jan-05-17 11:35AM  Zacks]
▶ [$$] Three Asset Managers to Buck a Rough 2017   [Jan-04-17 11:07AM  at Barrons.com]
▶ 3 Asset Managers For 2017; Credit Suisse Picks AMG, BX, BLK   [Dec-09-16 02:04PM  at Barrons.com]
▶ Hedge Funds Updated Take On Waddell & Reed Financial, Inc. (WDR)   [Dec-04-16 03:49PM  at Insider Monkey]
▶ Lawing Financials new office expands its regional reach   [Nov-21-16 02:10PM  at bizjournals.com]
▶ [$$] For Brokerages, Regulatory Relief Rally Isnt Their Reality   [Nov-12-16 12:11AM  at The Wall Street Journal]
▶ [$$] For Brokerages, Regulatory Relief Rally Isn't Their Reality   [Nov-11-16 07:41PM  at The Wall Street Journal]
Financial statements of WDR
Valuation of Stocks

The paper VALUATION OF STOCKS: The Quest for Intrinsic Value provides a detailed description of our valuation model and discloses the calculation algorithm.

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