Intrinsic value of CDTI Advanced Materials - CDTI

Previous Close

$0.59

  Intrinsic Value

$0.05

stock screener

  Rating & Target

str. sell

-91%

Previous close

$0.59

 
Intrinsic value

$0.05

 
Up/down potential

-91%

 
Rating

str. sell

We calculate the intrinsic value of CDTI stock by summing up the current values of future distributable cash flows generated by the company and dividing the sum by the number of outstanding shares. As such, the intrinsic value calculation depends entirely on projections. The more accurate your projections of the company's performance are - the more reliable is the intrinsic value calculation result. Please make sure to check the stock valuation input data below and adjust it if necessary. The quality of the output (intrinsic valuation result) is only as good as the quality of the input. See also DISCLAIMERS.

STOCK VALUATION INPUT DATA

Revenue (in 0001), $M
Initial revenue growth rate, %
Terminal revenue growth rate, %
Revenue decline factor
Initial discount rate, %
Discount rate multiplier
Variable cost ratio, %
Fixed operating expenses, $M
Interest rate on debt, %
Effective corporate tax rate, %
Production assets / Revenue, %
Life of production assets, yrs
Working capital / Revenue, %
Revenue / Adjusted assets
Adjusted equity ratio
Cash flow adjustment, % of Revenue
Book value of equity, $M
Shares outstanding, mln
Market capitalization, $bln 0.0

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FORECAST and PRESENT VALUE CALCULATION

Fiscal year
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7
   8
   9
   10
   11
   12
   13
   14
   15
   16
   17
   18
   19
   20
   21
   22
   23
   24
   25
   26
   27
   28
   29
   30
   31

INCOME STATEMENT

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue growth rate, %
  2.00
  2.30
  2.57
  2.81
  3.03
  3.23
  3.41
  3.57
  3.71
  3.84
  3.95
  4.06
  4.15
  4.24
  4.31
  4.38
  4.44
  4.50
  4.55
  4.59
  4.64
  4.67
  4.70
  4.73
  4.76
  4.78
  4.81
  4.83
  4.84
  4.86
Revenue, $m
  29
  30
  30
  31
  32
  33
  34
  36
  37
  38
  40
  41
  43
  45
  47
  49
  51
  53
  56
  58
  61
  64
  67
  70
  73
  77
  81
  85
  89
  93
Variable operating expenses, $m
  41
  42
  43
  45
  46
  47
  49
  51
  53
  55
  57
  59
  61
  64
  67
  70
  73
  76
  80
  83
  87
  91
  95
  100
  105
  110
  115
  121
  126
  133
Fixed operating expenses, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Total operating expenses, $m
  41
  42
  43
  45
  46
  47
  49
  51
  53
  55
  57
  59
  61
  64
  67
  70
  73
  76
  80
  83
  87
  91
  95
  100
  105
  110
  115
  121
  126
  133
Operating income, $m
  -12
  -13
  -13
  -13
  -14
  -14
  -15
  -15
  -16
  -16
  -17
  -18
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -27
  -28
  -30
  -31
  -33
  -34
  -36
  -38
  -40
EBITDA, $m
  -12
  -12
  -13
  -13
  -13
  -14
  -14
  -15
  -15
  -16
  -16
  -17
  -18
  -19
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -28
  -29
  -30
  -32
  -33
  -35
  -37
  -39
Interest expense (income), $m
  1
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
Earnings before tax, $m
  -12
  -13
  -13
  -13
  -14
  -14
  -15
  -15
  -16
  -17
  -17
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -27
  -28
  -30
  -31
  -33
  -34
  -36
  -38
  -40
  -42
Tax expense, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Net income, $m
  -12
  -13
  -13
  -13
  -14
  -14
  -15
  -15
  -16
  -17
  -17
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -27
  -28
  -30
  -31
  -33
  -34
  -36
  -38
  -40
  -42

BALANCE SHEET

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and short-term investments, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Total assets, $m
  11
  11
  12
  12
  12
  13
  13
  14
  14
  15
  15
  16
  17
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  30
  31
  33
  34
  36
Adjusted assets (=assets-cash), $m
  11
  11
  12
  12
  12
  13
  13
  14
  14
  15
  15
  16
  17
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  30
  31
  33
  34
  36
Revenue / Adjusted assets
  2.636
  2.727
  2.500
  2.583
  2.667
  2.538
  2.615
  2.571
  2.643
  2.533
  2.667
  2.563
  2.529
  2.647
  2.611
  2.579
  2.550
  2.524
  2.545
  2.522
  2.542
  2.560
  2.577
  2.593
  2.607
  2.567
  2.613
  2.576
  2.618
  2.583
Average production assets, $m
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  5
  5
  5
  5
Working capital, $m
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
Total debt, $m
  0
  0
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  2
  3
  3
  3
  4
  4
  5
  5
  6
  6
  7
  8
  8
  9
  10
  10
  11
  12
  13
  14
  15
Total liabilities, $m
  7
  7
  7
  7
  7
  8
  8
  8
  8
  9
  9
  10
  10
  10
  11
  11
  12
  12
  13
  13
  14
  15
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  19
  20
  21
Total equity, $m
  5
  5
  5
  5
  5
  5
  5
  6
  6
  6
  6
  6
  7
  7
  7
  8
  8
  8
  9
  9
  10
  10
  10
  11
  11
  12
  13
  13
  14
  15
Total liabilities and equity, $m
  12
  12
  12
  12
  12
  13
  13
  14
  14
  15
  15
  16
  17
  17
  18
  19
  20
  20
  22
  22
  24
  25
  25
  27
  28
  30
  32
  32
  34
  36
Debt-to-equity ratio
  0.050
  0.080
  0.110
  0.150
  0.190
  0.230
  0.270
  0.310
  0.350
  0.390
  0.440
  0.480
  0.520
  0.550
  0.590
  0.630
  0.660
  0.700
  0.730
  0.770
  0.800
  0.830
  0.860
  0.880
  0.910
  0.940
  0.960
  0.980
  1.010
  1.030
Adjusted equity ratio
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405
  0.405

CASH FLOW

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income, $m
  -12
  -13
  -13
  -13
  -14
  -14
  -15
  -15
  -16
  -17
  -17
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -27
  -28
  -30
  -31
  -33
  -34
  -36
  -38
  -40
  -42
Depreciation, amort., depletion, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  1
  1
  1
  0
  0
  0
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
Funds from operations, $m
  -12
  -12
  -13
  -13
  -13
  -14
  -14
  -15
  -16
  -16
  -17
  -18
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -28
  -29
  -30
  -32
  -34
  -35
  -37
  -39
  -41
Change in working capital, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash from operations, $m
  -12
  -12
  -13
  -13
  -13
  -14
  -14
  -15
  -15
  -16
  -17
  -18
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -28
  -29
  -30
  -32
  -33
  -35
  -37
  -39
  -41
Maintenance CAPEX, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
New CAPEX, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash from investing activities, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
Free cash flow, $m
  -12
  -13
  -13
  -13
  -14
  -14
  -15
  -15
  -16
  -17
  -17
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -27
  -28
  -30
  -31
  -33
  -34
  -36
  -38
  -40
  -42
Issuance/(repayment) of debt, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
Issuance/(repurchase) of shares, $m
  13
  13
  13
  14
  14
  15
  15
  16
  16
  17
  18
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  28
  29
  30
  32
  33
  35
  37
  39
  40
  42
Cash from financing (excl. dividends), $m  
  13
  13
  13
  14
  14
  15
  15
  16
  16
  17
  18
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  25
  26
  27
  29
  30
  31
  33
  34
  36
  38
  40
  41
  43
Total cash flow (excl. dividends), $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
Retained Cash Flow (-), $m
  -13
  -13
  -13
  -14
  -14
  -15
  -15
  -16
  -16
  -17
  -18
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -28
  -29
  -30
  -32
  -33
  -35
  -37
  -39
  -40
  -42
Prev. year cash balance distribution, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash flow adjustment, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash available for distribution, $m
  -12
  -12
  -13
  -13
  -14
  -14
  -15
  -15
  -16
  -16
  -17
  -18
  -18
  -19
  -20
  -21
  -22
  -23
  -24
  -25
  -27
  -28
  -29
  -31
  -32
  -34
  -35
  -37
  -39
  -41
Discount rate, %
  4.30
  4.52
  4.74
  4.98
  5.23
  5.49
  5.76
  6.05
  6.35
  6.67
  7.00
  7.35
  7.72
  8.11
  8.51
  8.94
  9.39
  9.86
  10.35
  10.87
  11.41
  11.98
  12.58
  13.21
  13.87
  14.56
  15.29
  16.05
  16.86
  17.70
PV of cash for distribution, $m
  -12
  -11
  -11
  -11
  -11
  -10
  -10
  -9
  -9
  -9
  -8
  -8
  -7
  -6
  -6
  -5
  -5
  -4
  -4
  -3
  -3
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  0
  0
Current shareholders' claim on cash, %
  42.8
  18.4
  7.9
  3.4
  1.4
  0.6
  0.3
  0.1
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
  0.0
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Clean Diesel Technologies, Inc. commercializes its material technology by manufacturing and distributing light duty vehicle catalysts, and heavy duty diesel emissions control systems and products to automakers, distributors, integrators and retrofitters. The Company operates through two business division segments: Catalyst, which develops and produces catalysts to reduce emissions from gasoline, diesel and natural gas combustion engines, and Heavy Duty Diesel Systems, which designs and manufactures verified exhaust emissions control solutions for a range of heavy duty diesel applications. It develops materials incorporating various base metals that replace platinum group metals (PGM) and rare earth metals in coatings on vehicle catalytic converters. Its technologies include Spinel, base-metal activated rhodium on Support, mixed phase catalyst, synergized PGM diesel oxidation catalyst (SPGM DOC), Platinum Plus, ARIS, and Exhaust Gas Recirculation and Selective Catalytic Reduction.

FINANCIAL RATIOS  of  CDTI Advanced Materials (CDTI)

Valuation Ratios
P/E Ratio -0.4
Price to Sales 0.3
Price to Book 1
Price to Tangible Book
Price to Cash Flow -1.3
Price to Free Cash Flow -1.3
Growth Rates
Sales Growth Rate -7.5%
Sales - 3 Yr. Growth Rate %
EPS Growth Rate %
EPS - 3 Yr. Growth Rate %
Capital Spending Gr. Rate -100%
Cap. Spend. - 3 Yr. Gr. Rate NaN%
Financial Strength
Quick Ratio 3
Current Ratio 0
LT Debt to Equity 0%
Total Debt to Equity 33.3%
Interest Coverage -23
Management Effectiveness
Return On Assets -88.2%
Ret/ On Assets - 3 Yr. Avg. -49.1%
Return On Total Capital -200%
Ret/ On T. Cap. - 3 Yr. Avg. -106.8%
Return On Equity -511.1%
Return On Equity - 3 Yr. Avg. -306.1%
Asset Turnover 1.5
Profitability Ratios
Gross Margin 21.6%
Gross Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 26.1%
EBITDA Margin -59.5%
EBITDA Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. -31.3%
Operating Margin -75.7%
Oper. Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. -40.1%
Pre-Tax Margin -64.9%
Pre-Tax Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. -36.4%
Net Profit Margin -62.2%
Net Profit Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. -35.5%
Effective Tax Rate 4.2%
Eff/ Tax Rate - 3 Yr. Avg. 5.1%
Payout Ratio 0%

CDTI stock valuation input parameters

Revenue. Company's revenue (or sales) is always the starting point of any cash flow forecast. In the CDTI stock intrinsic value calculation we used $28.353 million for the last fiscal year's total revenue generated by CDTI Advanced Materials. The default revenue input number comes from 0001 income statement of CDTI Advanced Materials. You may change it if you feel that it should be adjusted for some unusual circumstances that are not expected to be repeated in the future or if you already know (from interim financial statements, for example) that this year's revenue is going to be quite different.

Revenue growth rate. Forecasted future revenue growth rate is the most important input parameter for the intrinsic value calculation. Unlike other input parameters that are reasonably expected to be in line with their historic averages or their historic trends, the revenue growth rate by and large is a wild card: nobody really knows what the company's revenue will be in the future. Of course, the level of unpredictability is different for different industries (utility companies being the most predictable and, thus, less risky).
    We use three input parameters to forecast the revenue growth rate in our CDTI stock valuation model: a) initial revenue growth rate of 2% whose default value is the revenue growth rate in the most recent quarter compared to the quarterly revenue a year ago; b) terminal revenue growth rate of 5% whose default value is chosen to be close to the average nominal (i.e. not adjusted for inflation) GDP growth rate; and c) revenue decline factor of 0.9, which stipulates that revenue growth rate in each forecasted year will be equal to the difference of the revenue growth rate in the preceding year and the terminal revenue growth rate multiplied by this revenue decline factor (with the passage of time the revenue growth rate will be approaching the terminal revenue growth rate, but not quite reaching it - though the difference could be infinitesimally small).
    At the revenue decline factor of 1, the future revenue growth rate is forecasted to be constant and equal to the initial revenue growth rate. The smaller the revenue decline factor, the faster the revenue growth rate will approach the terminal revenue growth.

Discount rate. The discount rate is used for determining the present value of future cash flows: future cash flows are "discounted" as at normal conditions (that translate into positive expected return on investment) one dollar today is worth more than the same dollar in the future. Unlike all other valuation models, we use variable discount rate, i.e. it increases for each consecutive year. This is done to account for higher risk of cash flows coming in further in the future.
    The initial discount rate of 4.3%, whose default value for CDTI is calculated based on our internal credit rating of CDTI Advanced Materials, is applied to the cash flow expected to be received a year from now (well, actually, to be precise, in the financial year following the base year - the last year for which we have financial statements). For each consecutive year the discount rate is multiplied by the discount rate multiplier of 1.05, e.i. each year it increases by 5%. Feel free to change this number to correspond to your level of risk assessment of CDTI Advanced Materials.
    By the way, it is easy to set the discount rate to be constant (this would make comparison with other valuation models easier): just set the discount rate multiplier equal to 1 and chose the magnitude of the initial discount rate to your liking.

Variable cost ratio is the ratio of variable costs (i.e. costs that fluctuate with fluctuation of the volume of production) to the revenue expressed as a percentage. In the calculation of intrinsic value of CDTI stock the variable cost ratio is equal to 142.9%.

Fixed operating expenses is just that - expenses that are not dependant on the volume of production. They are set to $0 million in the base year in the intrinsic value calculation for CDTI stock. These expenses increase with the level of inflation in subsequent years.

Interest rate on debt is the average all-in rate of interest paid by the company on its debt. It is set at 15.9% for CDTI Advanced Materials.

Corporate tax rate of 27% is the nominal tax rate for CDTI Advanced Materials. In reality, companies find ways to pay much less taxes than that or not to pay them at all.

Cash flow adjustment could be used for any adjustment the investor deems necessary. Most commonly we use this field to account for stock options-related effects in excess of what is reported on the company's income statement. The cash flow adjustment is expressed as a percentage of the revenue, and in the current valuation of the CDTI stock is equal to 0%.

Production assets are the company's assets used for manufacturing products or provision of services. In the valuation model input table they are expressed as a percentage of revenue and for CDTI are equal to 5.6%.

Life of production assets of 3.2 years is the average useful life of capital assets used in CDTI Advanced Materials operations. It is used to calculate yearly capital expenditures needed to keep these assets in good order - we call it the maintenance CAPEX.

Working capital is the difference between the company's current assets and liabilities. In the model we use the ratio of working capital to revenue, which for CDTI is equal to -3.7%. A negative number means that the company is apt at using financial resources of its suppliers and customers; a large positive number, on the other hand, means that it either provides in-kind financing to others or is not good at managing its inventories.

Book value of equity - $4.381 million for CDTI Advanced Materials - is used in calculation of the "floor" for intrinsic valuation based on the discounted cash flow (DCF) method. Even if the prospects are very bad for a company, its assets could always be sold now for their current fair market value.

Shares outstanding of 15.909 million for CDTI Advanced Materials is needed to calculate the intrinsic value of one share.

Market capitalization is used here only for reference purposes and as a quick check that the share price and the number of shares outstanding numbers are correct - something especially to be cognizant about at stock splits. So, the market capitalization of CDTI Advanced Materials at the current share price and the inputted number of shares is $0.0 billion.

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COMPANY NEWS

▶ CDTi Announces Effective Date of Reverse Stock Split   [Sep-21-18 06:14PM  GlobeNewswire]
▶ CDTi Announces Closing of Rights Offering   [Jul-25-18 08:00AM  GlobeNewswire]
▶ CDTi Extends Rights Offering Through July 20   [Jul-13-18 05:39PM  GlobeNewswire]
▶ CDTi Announces Commencement of Rights Offering   [Jun-29-18 08:05AM  GlobeNewswire]
▶ CDTi Announces Proposed Rights Offering   [Jun-18-18 05:00PM  GlobeNewswire]
▶ CDTi to Nominate Two New Directors to the Board   [May-07-18 08:05AM  GlobeNewswire]
▶ CDTi Announces Name Change to CDTi Advanced Materials, Inc.   [Mar-09-18 08:00AM  GlobeNewswire]
▶ CDTi Announces Third Quarter 2017 Financial Results   [Nov-14-17 04:05PM  GlobeNewswire]
▶ Is It Time To Buy Clean Diesel Technologies Inc (CDTI)?   [Sep-12-17 09:37PM  Simply Wall St.]
▶ CDTi Announces Second Quarter 2017 Financial Results   [Aug-14-17 04:05PM  GlobeNewswire]
▶ CDTi Announces First Quarter 2017 Financial Results   [May-15-17 04:05PM  GlobeNewswire]
▶ CDTi to Present at the 29th Annual ROTH Conference   [Feb-28-17 08:00AM  GlobeNewswire]
▶ CDTi Appoints Peter J. Chase Chief Operating Officer   [Jan-30-17 08:00AM  GlobeNewswire]
▶ CDTi Announces Effective Date of Reverse Stock Split   [Jul-22-16 01:00PM  GlobeNewswire]
▶ CDTi Awarded New Vehicle Model from Honda   [Jul-12-16 08:00AM  GlobeNewswire]

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