Intrinsic value of ClearOne - CLRO

Previous Close

$1.26

  Intrinsic Value

$1.51

stock screener

  Rating & Target

hold

+19%

Previous close

$1.26

 
Intrinsic value

$1.51

 
Up/down potential

+19%

 
Rating

hold

We calculate the intrinsic value of CLRO stock by summing up the current values of future distributable cash flows generated by the company and dividing the sum by the number of outstanding shares. As such, the intrinsic value calculation depends entirely on projections. The more accurate your projections of the company's performance are - the more reliable is the intrinsic value calculation result. Please make sure to check the stock valuation input data below and adjust it if necessary. The quality of the output (intrinsic valuation result) is only as good as the quality of the input. See also DISCLAIMERS.

STOCK VALUATION INPUT DATA

Revenue (in 0001), $M
Initial revenue growth rate, %
Terminal revenue growth rate, %
Revenue decline factor
Initial discount rate, %
Discount rate multiplier
Variable cost ratio, %
Fixed operating expenses, $M
Interest rate on debt, %
Effective corporate tax rate, %
Production assets / Revenue, %
Life of production assets, yrs
Working capital / Revenue, %
Revenue / Adjusted assets
Adjusted equity ratio
Cash flow adjustment, % of Revenue
Book value of equity, $M
Shares outstanding, mln
Market capitalization, $bln 0.0

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FORECAST and PRESENT VALUE CALCULATION

Fiscal year
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7
   8
   9
   10
   11
   12
   13
   14
   15
   16
   17
   18
   19
   20
   21
   22
   23
   24
   25
   26
   27
   28
   29
   30
   31

INCOME STATEMENT

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue growth rate, %
  2.00
  2.30
  2.57
  2.81
  3.03
  3.23
  3.41
  3.57
  3.71
  3.84
  3.95
  4.06
  4.15
  4.24
  4.31
  4.38
  4.44
  4.50
  4.55
  4.59
  4.64
  4.67
  4.70
  4.73
  4.76
  4.78
  4.81
  4.83
  4.84
  4.86
Revenue, $m
  43
  44
  45
  46
  47
  49
  51
  52
  54
  56
  59
  61
  64
  66
  69
  72
  75
  79
  82
  86
  90
  94
  99
  103
  108
  114
  119
  125
  131
  137
Variable operating expenses, $m
  40
  40
  42
  43
  44
  45
  47
  49
  50
  52
  54
  56
  58
  61
  63
  66
  69
  72
  75
  79
  82
  86
  90
  94
  99
  104
  109
  114
  119
  125
Fixed operating expenses, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Total operating expenses, $m
  40
  40
  42
  43
  44
  45
  47
  49
  50
  52
  54
  56
  58
  61
  63
  66
  69
  72
  75
  79
  82
  86
  90
  94
  99
  104
  109
  114
  119
  125
Operating income, $m
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  5
  5
  6
  6
  6
  6
  7
  7
  7
  7
  8
  8
  9
  9
  9
  10
  10
  11
  11
  12
EBITDA, $m
  5
  5
  5
  5
  5
  5
  5
  6
  6
  6
  6
  7
  7
  7
  7
  8
  8
  8
  9
  9
  10
  10
  11
  11
  12
  12
  13
  13
  14
  15
Interest expense (income), $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
Earnings before tax, $m
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  5
  5
  5
  5
  6
  6
  6
  6
  7
  7
  7
  7
  8
  8
  8
  9
  9
  10
  10
  11
Tax expense, $m
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  3
  3
  3
  3
Net income, $m
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  5
  5
  5
  5
  5
  6
  6
  6
  6
  7
  7
  7
  8

BALANCE SHEET

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and short-term investments, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Total assets, $m
  69
  70
  72
  74
  77
  79
  82
  85
  88
  91
  95
  99
  103
  107
  112
  117
  122
  127
  133
  139
  146
  152
  160
  167
  175
  183
  192
  202
  211
  222
Adjusted assets (=assets-cash), $m
  69
  70
  72
  74
  77
  79
  82
  85
  88
  91
  95
  99
  103
  107
  112
  117
  122
  127
  133
  139
  146
  152
  160
  167
  175
  183
  192
  202
  211
  222
Revenue / Adjusted assets
  0.623
  0.629
  0.625
  0.622
  0.610
  0.620
  0.622
  0.612
  0.614
  0.615
  0.621
  0.616
  0.621
  0.617
  0.616
  0.615
  0.615
  0.622
  0.617
  0.619
  0.616
  0.618
  0.619
  0.617
  0.617
  0.623
  0.620
  0.619
  0.621
  0.617
Average production assets, $m
  8
  8
  8
  9
  9
  9
  9
  10
  10
  10
  11
  11
  12
  12
  13
  13
  14
  15
  15
  16
  17
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
Working capital, $m
  15
  16
  16
  16
  17
  18
  18
  19
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  29
  31
  32
  34
  35
  37
  39
  41
  43
  45
  47
  49
Total debt, $m
  0
  0
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  3
  3
  4
  5
  5
  6
  7
  7
  8
  9
  10
  11
  12
  13
  14
  15
  17
  18
  19
  21
  22
  24
  26
Total liabilities, $m
  12
  12
  12
  12
  13
  13
  14
  14
  15
  15
  16
  16
  17
  18
  19
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  27
  28
  29
  31
  32
  34
  35
  37
Total equity, $m
  57
  59
  60
  62
  64
  66
  68
  71
  73
  76
  79
  82
  86
  89
  93
  97
  101
  106
  111
  116
  121
  127
  133
  139
  146
  153
  160
  168
  176
  185
Total liabilities and equity, $m
  69
  71
  72
  74
  77
  79
  82
  85
  88
  91
  95
  98
  103
  107
  112
  116
  121
  127
  133
  139
  145
  152
  160
  167
  175
  184
  192
  202
  211
  222
Debt-to-equity ratio
  0.000
  0.010
  0.010
  0.020
  0.020
  0.030
  0.030
  0.040
  0.050
  0.050
  0.060
  0.060
  0.070
  0.070
  0.080
  0.080
  0.090
  0.090
  0.100
  0.100
  0.110
  0.110
  0.120
  0.120
  0.120
  0.130
  0.130
  0.130
  0.140
  0.140
Adjusted equity ratio
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833
  0.833

CASH FLOW

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income, $m
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  5
  5
  5
  5
  5
  6
  6
  6
  6
  7
  7
  7
  8
Depreciation, amort., depletion, $m
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  3
  3
  3
Funds from operations, $m
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  5
  5
  5
  5
  5
  5
  6
  6
  6
  6
  6
  7
  7
  7
  8
  8
  8
  9
  9
  10
  10
  11
Change in working capital, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
Cash from operations, $m
  3
  3
  3
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  5
  5
  5
  5
  5
  6
  6
  6
  6
  7
  7
  7
  8
  8
  8
Maintenance CAPEX, $m
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -3
  -3
New CAPEX, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
Cash from investing activities, $m
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
Free cash flow, $m
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  3
  2
  2
  2
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
Issuance/(repayment) of debt, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  2
Issuance/(repurchase) of shares, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
Cash from financing (excl. dividends), $m  
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  3
  3
  3
Total cash flow (excl. dividends), $m
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  5
  5
  5
  5
  6
  6
  6
  7
  7
Retained Cash Flow (-), $m
  -1
  -1
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -7
  -8
  -8
  -9
Prev. year cash balance distribution, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash flow adjustment, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash available for distribution, $m
  2
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -2
  -2
Discount rate, %
  4.30
  4.52
  4.74
  4.98
  5.23
  5.49
  5.76
  6.05
  6.35
  6.67
  7.00
  7.35
  7.72
  8.11
  8.51
  8.94
  9.39
  9.86
  10.35
  10.87
  11.41
  11.98
  12.58
  13.21
  13.87
  14.56
  15.29
  16.05
  16.86
  17.70
PV of cash for distribution, $m
  2
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Current shareholders' claim on cash, %
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  100.0
  99.9
  99.7
  99.5
  99.2
  98.8
  98.4
  97.9
  97.3
  96.8
  96.2
  95.5

ClearOne, Inc. (ClearOne) is a global company that designs, develops and sells conferencing, collaboration, streaming and digital signage solutions for audio/voice and visual communications. The Company designs, develops, markets and services a line of conferencing products for personal use, as well as traditional tabletop, mid-tier professional products for large, medium and small businesses. The Company's end users range from companies and institutions to small and medium-sized businesses, higher education and government organizations, as well as individual consumers. The Company sells its commercial products to end users primarily through a network of independent distributors, who in turn sells its products to dealers, systems integrators and other resellers. Its products are categorized into the Professional audio communication products; Unified communications audio end points, and Visual communication products. The Company's products include CONVERGE Pro, INTERACT and MAX.

FINANCIAL RATIOS  of  ClearOne (CLRO)

Valuation Ratios
P/E Ratio 5.6
Price to Sales 0.2
Price to Book 0.1
Price to Tangible Book
Price to Cash Flow 1.4
Price to Free Cash Flow 1.6
Growth Rates
Sales Growth Rate -15.5%
Sales - 3 Yr. Growth Rate %
EPS Growth Rate %
EPS - 3 Yr. Growth Rate %
Capital Spending Gr. Rate NaN%
Cap. Spend. - 3 Yr. Gr. Rate 0%
Financial Strength
Quick Ratio NaN
Current Ratio 0.2
LT Debt to Equity 0%
Total Debt to Equity 0%
Interest Coverage 0
Management Effectiveness
Return On Assets 2.2%
Ret/ On Assets - 3 Yr. Avg. 5.6%
Return On Total Capital 2.5%
Ret/ On T. Cap. - 3 Yr. Avg. 6.5%
Return On Equity 2.5%
Return On Equity - 3 Yr. Avg. 6.5%
Asset Turnover 0.5
Profitability Ratios
Gross Margin 59.2%
Gross Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 61.1%
EBITDA Margin 12.2%
EBITDA Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 17.3%
Operating Margin 8.2%
Oper. Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 13.1%
Pre-Tax Margin 8.2%
Pre-Tax Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 13.6%
Net Profit Margin 4.1%
Net Profit Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 8.8%
Effective Tax Rate 50%
Eff/ Tax Rate - 3 Yr. Avg. 37.1%
Payout Ratio 100%

CLRO stock valuation input parameters

Revenue. Company's revenue (or sales) is always the starting point of any cash flow forecast. In the CLRO stock intrinsic value calculation we used $41.804 million for the last fiscal year's total revenue generated by ClearOne. The default revenue input number comes from 0001 income statement of ClearOne. You may change it if you feel that it should be adjusted for some unusual circumstances that are not expected to be repeated in the future or if you already know (from interim financial statements, for example) that this year's revenue is going to be quite different.

Revenue growth rate. Forecasted future revenue growth rate is the most important input parameter for the intrinsic value calculation. Unlike other input parameters that are reasonably expected to be in line with their historic averages or their historic trends, the revenue growth rate by and large is a wild card: nobody really knows what the company's revenue will be in the future. Of course, the level of unpredictability is different for different industries (utility companies being the most predictable and, thus, less risky).
    We use three input parameters to forecast the revenue growth rate in our CLRO stock valuation model: a) initial revenue growth rate of 2% whose default value is the revenue growth rate in the most recent quarter compared to the quarterly revenue a year ago; b) terminal revenue growth rate of 5% whose default value is chosen to be close to the average nominal (i.e. not adjusted for inflation) GDP growth rate; and c) revenue decline factor of 0.9, which stipulates that revenue growth rate in each forecasted year will be equal to the difference of the revenue growth rate in the preceding year and the terminal revenue growth rate multiplied by this revenue decline factor (with the passage of time the revenue growth rate will be approaching the terminal revenue growth rate, but not quite reaching it - though the difference could be infinitesimally small).
    At the revenue decline factor of 1, the future revenue growth rate is forecasted to be constant and equal to the initial revenue growth rate. The smaller the revenue decline factor, the faster the revenue growth rate will approach the terminal revenue growth.

Discount rate. The discount rate is used for determining the present value of future cash flows: future cash flows are "discounted" as at normal conditions (that translate into positive expected return on investment) one dollar today is worth more than the same dollar in the future. Unlike all other valuation models, we use variable discount rate, i.e. it increases for each consecutive year. This is done to account for higher risk of cash flows coming in further in the future.
    The initial discount rate of 4.3%, whose default value for CLRO is calculated based on our internal credit rating of ClearOne, is applied to the cash flow expected to be received a year from now (well, actually, to be precise, in the financial year following the base year - the last year for which we have financial statements). For each consecutive year the discount rate is multiplied by the discount rate multiplier of 1.05, e.i. each year it increases by 5%. Feel free to change this number to correspond to your level of risk assessment of ClearOne.
    By the way, it is easy to set the discount rate to be constant (this would make comparison with other valuation models easier): just set the discount rate multiplier equal to 1 and chose the magnitude of the initial discount rate to your liking.

Variable cost ratio is the ratio of variable costs (i.e. costs that fluctuate with fluctuation of the volume of production) to the revenue expressed as a percentage. In the calculation of intrinsic value of CLRO stock the variable cost ratio is equal to 92.9%.

Fixed operating expenses is just that - expenses that are not dependant on the volume of production. They are set to $0 million in the base year in the intrinsic value calculation for CLRO stock. These expenses increase with the level of inflation in subsequent years.

Interest rate on debt is the average all-in rate of interest paid by the company on its debt. It is set at 5.4% for ClearOne.

Corporate tax rate of 27% is the nominal tax rate for ClearOne. In reality, companies find ways to pay much less taxes than that or not to pay them at all.

Cash flow adjustment could be used for any adjustment the investor deems necessary. Most commonly we use this field to account for stock options-related effects in excess of what is reported on the company's income statement. The cash flow adjustment is expressed as a percentage of the revenue, and in the current valuation of the CLRO stock is equal to 0%.

Production assets are the company's assets used for manufacturing products or provision of services. In the valuation model input table they are expressed as a percentage of revenue and for CLRO are equal to 18.5%.

Life of production assets of 9.1 years is the average useful life of capital assets used in ClearOne operations. It is used to calculate yearly capital expenditures needed to keep these assets in good order - we call it the maintenance CAPEX.

Working capital is the difference between the company's current assets and liabilities. In the model we use the ratio of working capital to revenue, which for CLRO is equal to 35.8%. A negative number means that the company is apt at using financial resources of its suppliers and customers; a large positive number, on the other hand, means that it either provides in-kind financing to others or is not good at managing its inventories.

Book value of equity - $56.567 million for ClearOne - is used in calculation of the "floor" for intrinsic valuation based on the discounted cash flow (DCF) method. Even if the prospects are very bad for a company, its assets could always be sold now for their current fair market value.

Shares outstanding of 8.307 million for ClearOne is needed to calculate the intrinsic value of one share.

Market capitalization is used here only for reference purposes and as a quick check that the share price and the number of shares outstanding numbers are correct - something especially to be cognizant about at stock splits. So, the market capitalization of ClearOne at the current share price and the inputted number of shares is $0.0 billion.

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COMPANY NEWS

▶ ClearOne: 3Q Earnings Snapshot   [Nov-13-18 08:37AM  Associated Press]
▶ What Kind Of Shareholders Own ClearOne Inc (NASDAQ:CLRO)?   [Oct-01-18 03:35PM  Simply Wall St.]
▶ ClearOne: 2Q Earnings Snapshot   [Aug-10-18 05:05AM  Associated Press]
▶ ClearOne Reports Second Quarter 2018 Financial Results   [Aug-09-18 10:09PM  PR Newswire]
▶ ClearOne: 1Q Earnings Snapshot   [Jun-14-18 05:19AM  Associated Press]
▶ ClearOne Reports First Quarter 2018 Financial Results   [Jun-13-18 10:30PM  PR Newswire]
▶ ClearOne Wins Two Best of Show Awards at InfoComm 2018   [Jun-12-18 09:00AM  PR Newswire]
▶ ClearOne Receives NASDAQ Deficiency Notification Letter   [May-18-18 07:45PM  PR Newswire]
▶ At $6.6, Is ClearOne Inc (NASDAQ:CLRO) A Buy?   [Apr-27-18 07:30PM  Simply Wall St.]
▶ ClearOne Announces Compliance with NASDAQ   [Apr-26-18 01:30PM  PR Newswire]
▶ ClearOne Receives NASDAQ Deficiency Notification Letter   [Apr-10-18 05:29PM  PR Newswire]
▶ ClearOne, Inc. to Host Earnings Call   [Apr-03-18 09:00AM  ACCESSWIRE]
▶ How Confident Are Insiders About ClearOne Inc (NASDAQ:CLRO)?   [Feb-21-18 07:28PM  Simply Wall St.]
▶ Who Are ClearOne Incs (NASDAQ:CLRO) Major Shareholders?   [Jan-09-18 09:33AM  Simply Wall St.]
▶ One Thing To Consider Before Buying ClearOne Inc (NASDAQ:CLRO)   [Jan-01-18 07:45PM  Simply Wall St.]
▶ ETFs with exposure to ClearOne, Inc. : December 14, 2017   [Dec-14-17 01:05PM  Capital Cube]
▶ ETFs with exposure to ClearOne, Inc. : December 1, 2017   [Dec-01-17 10:33AM  Capital Cube]
▶ Why ClearOne Inc (CLRO) Could Be A Buy   [Nov-13-17 05:45PM  Simply Wall St.]
▶ ETFs with exposure to ClearOne, Inc. : November 8, 2017   [Nov-08-17 05:46PM  Capital Cube]
▶ ClearOne reports 3Q loss   [09:35AM  Associated Press]
▶ ETFs with exposure to ClearOne, Inc. : October 3, 2017   [Oct-03-17 11:05AM  Capital Cube]
▶ What Are The Drivers Of ClearOne Incs (CLRO) Risks?   [Sep-26-17 11:33AM  Simply Wall St.]
▶ ETFs with exposure to ClearOne, Inc. : September 12, 2017   [Sep-11-17 10:20PM  Capital Cube]
▶ ClearOne reports 2Q loss   [Aug-10-17 12:25AM  Associated Press]
▶ ClearOne Reports Second Quarter 2017 Financial Results   [Aug-09-17 09:10AM  PR Newswire]
▶ ETFs with exposure to ClearOne, Inc. : June 9, 2017   [Jun-09-17 01:22PM  Capital Cube]
▶ Investor Network: ClearOne, Inc. to Host Earnings Call   [May-09-17 09:45AM  Accesswire]
▶ ClearOne reports 1Q loss   [09:27AM  Associated Press]

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