Intrinsic value of IEC Electronics - IEC

Previous Close

$4.07

  Intrinsic Value

$0.34

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  Rating & Target

str. sell

-92%

Previous close

$4.07

 
Intrinsic value

$0.34

 
Up/down potential

-92%

 
Rating

str. sell

*Intrinsic value change (in %) minus stock price change (in %) in the past 12 months.

We calculate the intrinsic value of IEC stock by summing up the current values of future distributable cash flows generated by the company and dividing the sum by the number of outstanding shares. As such, the intrinsic value calculation depends entirely on projections. The more accurate your projections of the company's performance are - the more reliable is the intrinsic value calculation result. Please make sure to check the stock valuation input data below and adjust it if necessary. The quality of the output (intrinsic valuation result) is only as good as the quality of the input. See also DISCLAIMERS.

STOCK VALUATION INPUT DATA

Revenue (in 2016), $M
Initial revenue growth rate, %
Terminal revenue growth rate, %
Revenue decline factor
Initial discount rate, %
Discount rate multiplier
Variable cost ratio, %
Fixed operating expenses, $M
Interest rate on debt, %
Effective corporate tax rate, %
Production assets / Revenue, %
Life of production assets, yrs
Working capital / Revenue, %
Revenue / Adjusted assets
Adjusted equity ratio
Cash flow adjustment, % of Revenue
Book value of equity, $M
Shares outstanding, mln
Market capitalization, $bln 0.0

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FORECAST and PRESENT VALUE CALCULATION

Fiscal year
2016(a)
   2017
   2018
   2019
   2020
   2021
   2022
   2023
   2024
   2025
   2026
   2027
   2028
   2029
   2030
   2031
   2032
   2033
   2034
   2035
   2036
   2037
   2038
   2039
   2040
   2041
   2042
   2043
   2044
   2045
   2046

INCOME STATEMENT

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue growth rate, %
  0.00
  2.00
  2.30
  2.57
  2.81
  3.03
  3.23
  3.41
  3.57
  3.71
  3.84
  3.95
  4.06
  4.15
  4.24
  4.31
  4.38
  4.44
  4.50
  4.55
  4.59
  4.64
  4.67
  4.70
  4.73
  4.76
  4.78
  4.81
  4.83
  4.84
  4.86
Revenue, $m
  127
  130
  133
  136
  140
  144
  149
  154
  159
  165
  171
  178
  185
  193
  201
  210
  219
  229
  239
  250
  262
  274
  287
  300
  314
  329
  345
  361
  379
  397
  417
Variable operating expenses, $m
 
  132
  135
  138
  142
  146
  151
  156
  162
  168
  174
  181
  188
  196
  205
  213
  223
  233
  243
  254
  266
  278
  291
  305
  319
  334
  350
  367
  385
  404
  423
Fixed operating expenses, $m
 
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Total operating expenses, $m
  121
  132
  135
  138
  142
  146
  151
  156
  162
  168
  174
  181
  188
  196
  205
  213
  223
  233
  243
  254
  266
  278
  291
  305
  319
  334
  350
  367
  385
  404
  423
Operating income, $m
  6
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -7
EBITDA, $m
  9
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
Interest expense (income), $m
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  4
Earnings before tax, $m
  5
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -7
  -8
  -8
  -8
  -9
  -9
  -10
  -10
Tax expense, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Net income, $m
  5
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -7
  -8
  -8
  -8
  -9
  -9
  -10
  -10

BALANCE SHEET

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and short-term investments, $m
  1
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Total assets, $m
  50
  50
  51
  52
  54
  56
  57
  59
  61
  64
  66
  69
  72
  75
  78
  81
  85
  88
  92
  96
  101
  106
  111
  116
  121
  127
  133
  139
  146
  153
  161
Adjusted assets (=assets-cash), $m
  49
  50
  51
  52
  54
  56
  57
  59
  61
  64
  66
  69
  72
  75
  78
  81
  85
  88
  92
  96
  101
  106
  111
  116
  121
  127
  133
  139
  146
  153
  161
Revenue / Adjusted assets
  2.592
  2.600
  2.608
  2.615
  2.593
  2.571
  2.614
  2.610
  2.607
  2.578
  2.591
  2.580
  2.569
  2.573
  2.577
  2.593
  2.576
  2.602
  2.598
  2.604
  2.594
  2.585
  2.586
  2.586
  2.595
  2.591
  2.594
  2.597
  2.596
  2.595
  2.590
Average production assets, $m
  13
  13
  14
  14
  14
  15
  15
  16
  16
  17
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  21
  22
  23
  24
  26
  27
  28
  29
  31
  32
  34
  35
  37
  39
  41
  42
Working capital, $m
  20
  22
  23
  24
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  29
  30
  31
  32
  33
  35
  36
  38
  40
  41
  43
  45
  47
  50
  52
  54
  57
  60
  63
  66
  69
  72
Total debt, $m
  20
  20
  21
  21
  22
  24
  25
  26
  28
  29
  31
  33
  35
  37
  39
  42
  44
  47
  50
  53
  56
  59
  63
  67
  71
  75
  79
  84
  88
  93
  99
Total liabilities, $m
  37
  36
  37
  37
  38
  40
  41
  42
  44
  45
  47
  49
  51
  53
  55
  58
  60
  63
  66
  69
  72
  75
  79
  83
  87
  91
  95
  100
  104
  109
  115
Total equity, $m
  14
  14
  15
  15
  15
  16
  16
  17
  18
  18
  19
  20
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  28
  29
  30
  32
  33
  35
  36
  38
  40
  42
  44
  46
Total liabilities and equity, $m
  51
  50
  52
  52
  53
  56
  57
  59
  62
  63
  66
  69
  71
  74
  77
  81
  84
  88
  92
  97
  101
  105
  111
  116
  122
  127
  133
  140
  146
  153
  161
Debt-to-equity ratio
  1.429
  1.380
  1.400
  1.430
  1.460
  1.490
  1.520
  1.550
  1.590
  1.620
  1.650
  1.680
  1.710
  1.750
  1.780
  1.810
  1.830
  1.860
  1.890
  1.920
  1.940
  1.970
  1.990
  2.010
  2.040
  2.060
  2.080
  2.100
  2.110
  2.130
  2.150
Adjusted equity ratio
  0.265
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286
  0.286

CASH FLOW

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income, $m
  5
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -7
  -8
  -8
  -8
  -9
  -9
  -10
  -10
Depreciation, amort., depletion, $m
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  5
  5
  5
  5
  6
  6
  6
  6
  7
  7
  7
  8
  8
  8
Funds from operations, $m
  22
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -2
  -2
  -2
Change in working capital, $m
  7
  0
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
Cash from operations, $m
  15
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -5
Maintenance CAPEX, $m
  0
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -7
  -8
  -8
New CAPEX, $m
  -3
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
Cash from investing activities, $m
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -7
  -8
  -9
  -9
  -9
  -10
  -10
Free cash flow, $m
  12
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -7
  -8
  -8
  -9
  -9
  -10
  -10
  -11
  -11
  -12
  -12
  -13
  -14
  -14
  -15
Issuance/(repayment) of debt, $m
  -11
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  3
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  5
  5
  5
  5
Issuance/(repurchase) of shares, $m
  0
  3
  3
  3
  3
  4
  4
  4
  4
  4
  5
  5
  5
  5
  6
  6
  6
  6
  7
  7
  8
  8
  8
  9
  9
  10
  10
  11
  11
  12
  12
Cash from financing (excl. dividends), $m  
  -12
  4
  4
  4
  4
  5
  5
  5
  6
  6
  7
  7
  7
  7
  8
  8
  9
  9
  10
  10
  11
  11
  12
  13
  13
  14
  14
  16
  16
  17
  17
Total cash flow (excl. dividends), $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  2
  3
Retained Cash Flow (-), $m
  -5
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -8
  -8
  -8
  -9
  -9
  -10
  -10
  -11
  -11
  -12
  -12
Prev. year cash balance distribution, $m
 
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash flow adjustment, $m
 
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash available for distribution, $m
 
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -7
  -7
  -8
  -8
  -9
  -9
  -9
  -10
Discount rate, %
 
  6.80
  7.14
  7.50
  7.87
  8.27
  8.68
  9.11
  9.57
  10.05
  10.55
  11.08
  11.63
  12.21
  12.82
  13.46
  14.14
  14.84
  15.59
  16.37
  17.18
  18.04
  18.94
  19.89
  20.89
  21.93
  23.03
  24.18
  25.39
  26.66
  27.99
PV of cash for distribution, $m
 
  -3
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -2
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Current shareholders' claim on cash, %
  100
  93.1
  86.6
  80.5
  74.7
  69.2
  64.1
  59.3
  54.8
  50.6
  46.7
  43.0
  39.6
  36.5
  33.5
  30.8
  28.3
  26.0
  23.9
  21.9
  20.1
  18.4
  16.8
  15.4
  14.1
  12.9
  11.8
  10.8
  9.9
  9.0
  8.2

IEC Electronics Corp. provides electronic manufacturing services (EMS) to a range of technology companies that produce life-saving and mission critical products for the medical, industrial, aerospace and defense sectors. The Company specializes in delivering technical solutions for the custom manufacture of full system assemblies by providing on-site analytical testing laboratories, custom design and test engineering services combined with an array of manufacturing services encompassing electronics, interconnect solutions and precision metalworking. It offers its customers a range of manufacturing services, combined with scientific technical support to ensure their products perform for the critical applications they are intended for. Its products are distributed to and through original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). Its capabilities include design and test development, analysis and testing laboratory, custom functional test design and component risk mitigation.

FINANCIAL RATIOS  of  IEC Electronics (IEC)

Valuation Ratios
P/E Ratio 8.4
Price to Sales 0.3
Price to Book 3
Price to Tangible Book
Price to Cash Flow 2.8
Price to Free Cash Flow 3.5
Growth Rates
Sales Growth Rate 0%
Sales - 3 Yr. Growth Rate %
EPS Growth Rate %
EPS - 3 Yr. Growth Rate %
Capital Spending Gr. Rate 0%
Cap. Spend. - 3 Yr. Gr. Rate -9.7%
Financial Strength
Quick Ratio 0
Current Ratio 0.3
LT Debt to Equity 121.4%
Total Debt to Equity 142.9%
Interest Coverage 6
Management Effectiveness
Return On Assets 10.2%
Ret/ On Assets - 3 Yr. Avg. -0.4%
Return On Total Capital 13.5%
Ret/ On T. Cap. - 3 Yr. Avg. -11.6%
Return On Equity 43.5%
Return On Equity - 3 Yr. Avg. -31.6%
Asset Turnover 2.2
Profitability Ratios
Gross Margin 15.7%
Gross Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 13.3%
EBITDA Margin 7.1%
EBITDA Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 4%
Operating Margin 4.7%
Oper. Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 1%
Pre-Tax Margin 3.9%
Pre-Tax Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. -0.3%
Net Profit Margin 3.9%
Net Profit Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. -5.4%
Effective Tax Rate 0%
Eff/ Tax Rate - 3 Yr. Avg. -216.7%
Payout Ratio 0%

IEC stock valuation input parameters

Revenue. Company's revenue (or sales) is always the starting point of any cash flow forecast. In the IEC stock intrinsic value calculation we used $127 million for the last fiscal year's total revenue generated by IEC Electronics. The default revenue input number comes from 2016 income statement of IEC Electronics. You may change it if you feel that it should be adjusted for some unusual circumstances that are not expected to be repeated in the future or if you already know (from interim financial statements, for example) that this year's revenue is going to be quite different.

Revenue growth rate. Forecasted future revenue growth rate is the most important input parameter for the intrinsic value calculation. Unlike other input parameters that are reasonably expected to be in line with their historic averages or their historic trends, the revenue growth rate by and large is a wild card: nobody really knows what the company's revenue will be in the future. Of course, the level of unpredictability is different for different industries (utility companies being the most predictable and, thus, less risky).
    We use three input parameters to forecast the revenue growth rate in our IEC stock valuation model: a) initial revenue growth rate of 2% whose default value is the revenue growth rate in the most recent quarter compared to the quarterly revenue a year ago; b) terminal revenue growth rate of 5% whose default value is chosen to be close to the average nominal (i.e. not adjusted for inflation) GDP growth rate; and c) revenue decline factor of 0.9, which stipulates that revenue growth rate in each forecasted year will be equal to the difference of the revenue growth rate in the preceding year and the terminal revenue growth rate multiplied by this revenue decline factor (with the passage of time the revenue growth rate will be approaching the terminal revenue growth rate, but not quite reaching it - though the difference could be infinitesimally small).
    At the revenue decline factor of 1, the future revenue growth rate is forecasted to be constant and equal to the initial revenue growth rate. The smaller the revenue decline factor, the faster the revenue growth rate will approach the terminal revenue growth.

Discount rate. The discount rate is used for determining the present value of future cash flows: future cash flows are "discounted" as at normal conditions (that translate into positive expected return on investment) one dollar today is worth more than the same dollar in the future. Unlike all other valuation models, we use variable discount rate, i.e. it increases for each consecutive year. This is done to account for higher risk of cash flows coming in further in the future.
    The initial discount rate of 6.8%, whose default value for IEC is calculated based on our internal credit rating of IEC Electronics, is applied to the cash flow expected to be received a year from now (well, actually, to be precise, in the financial year following the base year - the last year for which we have financial statements). For each consecutive year the discount rate is multiplied by the discount rate multiplier of 1.05, e.i. each year it increases by 5%. Feel free to change this number to correspond to your level of risk assessment of IEC Electronics.
    By the way, it is easy to set the discount rate to be constant (this would make comparison with other valuation models easier): just set the discount rate multiplier equal to 1 and chose the magnitude of the initial discount rate to your liking.

Variable cost ratio is the ratio of variable costs (i.e. costs that fluctuate with fluctuation of the volume of production) to the revenue expressed as a percentage. In the calculation of intrinsic value of IEC stock the variable cost ratio is equal to 101.6%.

Fixed operating expenses is just that - expenses that are not dependant on the volume of production. They are set to $0 million in the base year in the intrinsic value calculation for IEC stock. These expenses increase with the level of inflation in subsequent years.

Interest rate on debt is the average all-in rate of interest paid by the company on its debt. It is set at 3.9% for IEC Electronics.

Corporate tax rate of 27% is the nominal tax rate for IEC Electronics. In reality, companies find ways to pay much less taxes than that or not to pay them at all.

Cash flow adjustment could be used for any adjustment the investor deems necessary. Most commonly we use this field to account for stock options-related effects in excess of what is reported on the company's income statement. The cash flow adjustment is expressed as a percentage of the revenue, and in the current valuation of the IEC stock is equal to 0%.

Production assets are the company's assets used for manufacturing products or provision of services. In the valuation model input table they are expressed as a percentage of revenue and for IEC are equal to 10.2%.

Life of production assets of 4.3 years is the average useful life of capital assets used in IEC Electronics operations. It is used to calculate yearly capital expenditures needed to keep these assets in good order - we call it the maintenance CAPEX.

Working capital is the difference between the company's current assets and liabilities. In the model we use the ratio of working capital to revenue, which for IEC is equal to 17.3%. A negative number means that the company is apt at using financial resources of its suppliers and customers; a large positive number, on the other hand, means that it either provides in-kind financing to others or is not good at managing its inventories.

Book value of equity - $14 million for IEC Electronics - is used in calculation of the "floor" for intrinsic valuation based on the discounted cash flow (DCF) method. Even if the prospects are very bad for a company, its assets could always be sold now for their current fair market value.

Shares outstanding of 10.319 million for IEC Electronics is needed to calculate the intrinsic value of one share.

Market capitalization is used here only for reference purposes and as a quick check that the share price and the number of shares outstanding numbers are correct - something especially to be cognizant about at stock splits. So, the market capitalization of IEC Electronics at the current share price and the inputted number of shares is $0.0 billion.

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COMPANY NEWS

▶ Top 10 Stocks Under $20   [Sep-21-17 01:41PM  Zacks]
▶ What Does IEC Electronics Corps (IEC) Share Price Indicate?   [Sep-14-17 07:13PM  Simply Wall St.]
▶ IEC Announces Fiscal 2017 Second Quarter Results   [May-10-17 08:30AM  Marketwired]
▶ IEC to Present at the MicroCap Conference   [Mar-16-17 03:44PM  Accesswire]
▶ IEC Announces $3.7 Million Contract   [Jul-06-16 08:30AM  Marketwired]
▶ SEC Charges Executives With False Accounting   [12:35PM  at 24/7 Wall St.]
▶ IEC Celebrates 50th Anniversary   [Apr-22-16 08:30AM  Marketwired]
▶ Numerex Announces Agreement with Viex Capital Advisors   [Mar-30-16 04:46PM  GlobeNewswire]
Financial statements of IEC
Valuation of Stocks

The paper VALUATION OF STOCKS: The Quest for Intrinsic Value provides a detailed description of our valuation model and discloses the calculation algorithm.

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