Intrinsic value of Sino-Global Shipping America, Ltd. - SINO

Previous Close

$0.70

  Intrinsic Value

$0.40

stock screener

  Rating & Target

sell

-43%

Previous close

$0.70

 
Intrinsic value

$0.40

 
Up/down potential

-43%

 
Rating

sell

We calculate the intrinsic value of SINO stock by summing up the current values of future distributable cash flows generated by the company and dividing the sum by the number of outstanding shares. As such, the intrinsic value calculation depends entirely on projections. The more accurate your projections of the company's performance are - the more reliable is the intrinsic value calculation result. Please make sure to check the stock valuation input data below and adjust it if necessary. The quality of the output (intrinsic valuation result) is only as good as the quality of the input. See also DISCLAIMERS.

STOCK VALUATION INPUT DATA

Revenue (in 0001), $M
Initial revenue growth rate, %
Terminal revenue growth rate, %
Revenue decline factor
Initial discount rate, %
Discount rate multiplier
Variable cost ratio, %
Fixed operating expenses, $M
Interest rate on debt, %
Effective corporate tax rate, %
Production assets / Revenue, %
Life of production assets, yrs
Working capital / Revenue, %
Revenue / Adjusted assets
Adjusted equity ratio
Cash flow adjustment, % of Revenue
Book value of equity, $M
Shares outstanding, mln
Market capitalization, $bln 0.0

 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FORECAST and PRESENT VALUE CALCULATION

Fiscal year
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7
   8
   9
   10
   11
   12
   13
   14
   15
   16
   17
   18
   19
   20
   21
   22
   23
   24
   25
   26
   27
   28
   29
   30
   31

INCOME STATEMENT

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue growth rate, %
  60.00
  54.50
  49.55
  45.10
  41.09
  37.48
  34.23
  31.31
  28.68
  26.31
  24.18
  22.26
  20.53
  18.98
  17.58
  16.32
  15.19
  14.17
  13.26
  12.43
  11.69
  11.02
  10.42
  9.87
  9.39
  8.95
  8.55
  8.20
  7.88
  7.59
Revenue, $m
  37
  57
  85
  123
  174
  239
  321
  422
  543
  685
  851
  1,041
  1,254
  1,492
  1,755
  2,041
  2,351
  2,685
  3,041
  3,418
  3,818
  4,239
  4,680
  5,142
  5,625
  6,128
  6,653
  7,198
  7,765
  8,354
Variable operating expenses, $m
  27
  42
  63
  91
  129
  177
  237
  312
  401
  507
  629
  769
  927
  1,103
  1,297
  1,509
  1,738
  1,984
  2,247
  2,526
  2,821
  3,132
  3,459
  3,800
  4,157
  4,529
  4,916
  5,319
  5,738
  6,174
Fixed operating expenses, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Total operating expenses, $m
  27
  42
  63
  91
  129
  177
  237
  312
  401
  507
  629
  769
  927
  1,103
  1,297
  1,509
  1,738
  1,984
  2,247
  2,526
  2,821
  3,132
  3,459
  3,800
  4,157
  4,529
  4,916
  5,319
  5,738
  6,174
Operating income, $m
  10
  15
  22
  32
  45
  62
  84
  110
  142
  179
  222
  272
  327
  390
  458
  533
  614
  701
  794
  892
  996
  1,106
  1,222
  1,342
  1,468
  1,599
  1,736
  1,879
  2,027
  2,180
EBITDA, $m
  10
  15
  23
  33
  46
  63
  85
  112
  144
  182
  226
  276
  332
  395
  465
  541
  623
  711
  806
  906
  1,012
  1,123
  1,240
  1,363
  1,490
  1,624
  1,763
  1,907
  2,057
  2,214
Interest expense (income), $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  3
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  9
  10
  11
  13
  14
  16
  18
  20
  22
  24
  26
  28
  30
  33
Earnings before tax, $m
  10
  15
  22
  32
  45
  62
  83
  109
  140
  177
  219
  268
  323
  384
  452
  525
  605
  691
  782
  879
  982
  1,090
  1,204
  1,322
  1,447
  1,576
  1,711
  1,851
  1,996
  2,148
Tax expense, $m
  3
  4
  6
  9
  12
  17
  22
  29
  38
  48
  59
  72
  87
  104
  122
  142
  163
  187
  211
  237
  265
  294
  325
  357
  391
  425
  462
  500
  539
  580
Net income, $m
  7
  11
  16
  23
  33
  45
  61
  79
  102
  129
  160
  196
  236
  281
  330
  384
  442
  504
  571
  642
  717
  796
  879
  965
  1,056
  1,150
  1,249
  1,351
  1,457
  1,568

BALANCE SHEET

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and short-term investments, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Total assets, $m
  41
  63
  95
  138
  194
  267
  358
  471
  606
  765
  950
  1,161
  1,400
  1,666
  1,959
  2,278
  2,624
  2,996
  3,393
  3,815
  4,261
  4,731
  5,223
  5,739
  6,278
  6,840
  7,425
  8,033
  8,666
  9,324
Adjusted assets (=assets-cash), $m
  41
  63
  95
  138
  194
  267
  358
  471
  606
  765
  950
  1,161
  1,400
  1,666
  1,959
  2,278
  2,624
  2,996
  3,393
  3,815
  4,261
  4,731
  5,223
  5,739
  6,278
  6,840
  7,425
  8,033
  8,666
  9,324
Revenue / Adjusted assets
  0.902
  0.905
  0.895
  0.891
  0.897
  0.895
  0.897
  0.896
  0.896
  0.895
  0.896
  0.897
  0.896
  0.896
  0.896
  0.896
  0.896
  0.896
  0.896
  0.896
  0.896
  0.896
  0.896
  0.896
  0.896
  0.896
  0.896
  0.896
  0.896
  0.896
Average production assets, $m
  1
  2
  2
  3
  5
  6
  9
  11
  15
  19
  23
  28
  34
  40
  47
  55
  63
  72
  82
  92
  103
  114
  126
  139
  152
  165
  180
  194
  210
  226
Working capital, $m
  14
  21
  32
  47
  66
  90
  121
  159
  205
  258
  321
  392
  473
  563
  662
  770
  886
  1,012
  1,146
  1,289
  1,439
  1,598
  1,764
  1,939
  2,121
  2,310
  2,508
  2,714
  2,927
  3,150
Total debt, $m
  1
  3
  5
  8
  12
  17
  23
  31
  41
  52
  65
  79
  96
  115
  135
  158
  182
  208
  236
  265
  296
  329
  364
  400
  438
  477
  518
  561
  605
  651
Total liabilities, $m
  3
  4
  7
  10
  14
  19
  25
  33
  42
  54
  66
  81
  98
  117
  137
  159
  184
  210
  238
  267
  298
  331
  366
  402
  439
  479
  520
  562
  607
  653
Total equity, $m
  38
  59
  88
  128
  181
  248
  333
  438
  563
  711
  883
  1,080
  1,302
  1,549
  1,821
  2,119
  2,441
  2,787
  3,156
  3,548
  3,963
  4,399
  4,858
  5,337
  5,838
  6,361
  6,905
  7,471
  8,060
  8,671
Total liabilities and equity, $m
  41
  63
  95
  138
  195
  267
  358
  471
  605
  765
  949
  1,161
  1,400
  1,666
  1,958
  2,278
  2,625
  2,997
  3,394
  3,815
  4,261
  4,730
  5,224
  5,739
  6,277
  6,840
  7,425
  8,033
  8,667
  9,324
Debt-to-equity ratio
  0.030
  0.040
  0.050
  0.060
  0.070
  0.070
  0.070
  0.070
  0.070
  0.070
  0.070
  0.070
  0.070
  0.070
  0.070
  0.070
  0.070
  0.070
  0.070
  0.070
  0.070
  0.070
  0.070
  0.070
  0.070
  0.070
  0.080
  0.080
  0.080
  0.080
Adjusted equity ratio
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930
  0.930

CASH FLOW

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income, $m
  7
  11
  16
  23
  33
  45
  61
  79
  102
  129
  160
  196
  236
  281
  330
  384
  442
  504
  571
  642
  717
  796
  879
  965
  1,056
  1,150
  1,249
  1,351
  1,457
  1,568
Depreciation, amort., depletion, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  1
  1
  1
  2
  2
  3
  3
  4
  5
  6
  7
  8
  9
  11
  12
  14
  15
  17
  19
  20
  22
  24
  26
  29
  31
  33
Funds from operations, $m
  7
  11
  16
  24
  34
  46
  62
  81
  104
  132
  164
  200
  241
  286
  337
  392
  451
  515
  583
  656
  732
  813
  897
  986
  1,078
  1,175
  1,275
  1,380
  1,488
  1,601
Change in working capital, $m
  5
  8
  11
  14
  19
  25
  31
  38
  46
  54
  62
  71
  81
  90
  99
  108
  117
  126
  134
  142
  151
  159
  166
  174
  182
  190
  198
  206
  214
  222
Cash from operations, $m
  2
  3
  6
  9
  14
  21
  31
  43
  59
  78
  101
  128
  160
  197
  238
  284
  334
  389
  449
  513
  582
  654
  731
  812
  896
  985
  1,077
  1,174
  1,274
  1,379
Maintenance CAPEX, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -2
  -2
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -5
  -6
  -7
  -8
  -9
  -11
  -12
  -14
  -15
  -17
  -19
  -20
  -22
  -24
  -26
  -29
  -31
New CAPEX, $m
  0
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -2
  -2
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -4
  -5
  -6
  -6
  -7
  -8
  -8
  -9
  -10
  -10
  -11
  -11
  -12
  -12
  -13
  -14
  -14
  -15
  -15
  -16
Cash from investing activities, $m
  0
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -1
  -3
  -3
  -4
  -5
  -6
  -7
  -8
  -10
  -11
  -13
  -15
  -16
  -18
  -21
  -22
  -25
  -26
  -29
  -31
  -33
  -36
  -38
  -41
  -44
  -47
Free cash flow, $m
  1
  3
  5
  8
  13
  19
  28
  39
  54
  72
  94
  120
  150
  185
  225
  269
  318
  371
  429
  491
  557
  628
  702
  781
  863
  949
  1,039
  1,133
  1,231
  1,332
Issuance/(repayment) of debt, $m
  1
  2
  2
  3
  4
  5
  6
  8
  9
  11
  13
  15
  17
  19
  21
  22
  24
  26
  28
  30
  31
  33
  34
  36
  38
  39
  41
  43
  44
  46
Issuance/(repurchase) of shares, $m
  7
  10
  13
  16
  20
  23
  24
  25
  23
  19
  12
  1
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash from financing (excl. dividends), $m  
  8
  12
  15
  19
  24
  28
  30
  33
  32
  30
  25
  16
  17
  19
  21
  22
  24
  26
  28
  30
  31
  33
  34
  36
  38
  39
  41
  43
  44
  46
Total cash flow (excl. dividends), $m
  10
  14
  20
  27
  36
  47
  59
  72
  87
  102
  119
  136
  167
  204
  245
  291
  342
  397
  457
  520
  588
  660
  737
  817
  901
  988
  1,080
  1,175
  1,275
  1,378
Retained Cash Flow (-), $m
  -14
  -21
  -29
  -40
  -53
  -68
  -85
  -104
  -126
  -148
  -172
  -197
  -222
  -247
  -272
  -297
  -322
  -346
  -369
  -392
  -415
  -437
  -458
  -480
  -501
  -522
  -544
  -566
  -589
  -612
Prev. year cash balance distribution, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash flow adjustment, $m
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
  0
Cash available for distribution, $m
  -4
  -6
  -9
  -12
  -16
  -21
  -26
  -32
  -39
  -46
  -53
  -61
  -55
  -43
  -27
  -6
  20
  51
  87
  128
  174
  224
  278
  337
  400
  466
  536
  609
  686
  766
Discount rate, %
  4.30
  4.52
  4.74
  4.98
  5.23
  5.49
  5.76
  6.05
  6.35
  6.67
  7.00
  7.35
  7.72
  8.11
  8.51
  8.94
  9.39
  9.86
  10.35
  10.87
  11.41
  11.98
  12.58
  13.21
  13.87
  14.56
  15.29
  16.05
  16.86
  17.70
PV of cash for distribution, $m
  -4
  -6
  -8
  -10
  -13
  -15
  -18
  -20
  -22
  -24
  -25
  -26
  -21
  -15
  -8
  -2
  4
  9
  13
  16
  18
  19
  18
  17
  16
  14
  12
  9
  7
  6
Current shareholders' claim on cash, %
  69.6
  50.6
  38.4
  30.3
  24.8
  21.1
  18.5
  16.7
  15.5
  14.8
  14.4
  14.4
  14.4
  14.4
  14.4
  14.4
  14.4
  14.4
  14.4
  14.4
  14.4
  14.4
  14.4
  14.4
  14.4
  14.4
  14.4
  14.4
  14.4
  14.4

Sino-Global Shipping America, Ltd. is a non-asset-based global shipping and freight logistic integrated solution provider. The Company provides solutions and value added services to its customers in the shipping and freight logistic chain sector. The Company's segments include Shipping Agency and Ship Management Services; Shipping & Chartering Services, and Inland Transportation Management Services. The Company conducts its business primarily through its subsidiaries in China (including Hong Kong), Australia, Canada, and the United States (New York and Los Angeles). The Company provides its shipping agency services in the People's Republic of China through Sino-Global Shipping Agency Ltd. (Sino-China), which holds the licenses and permits to operate local shipping agency services in the People's Republic of China. The Company's inland transportation management services are operated by its subsidiaries in China (including Hong Kong) and the United States.

FINANCIAL RATIOS  of  Sino-Global Shipping America, Ltd. (SINO)

Valuation Ratios
P/E Ratio 1.8
Price to Sales 0.6
Price to Book 0.4
Price to Tangible Book
Price to Cash Flow 2.4
Price to Free Cash Flow 2.4
Growth Rates
Sales Growth Rate 57.1%
Sales - 3 Yr. Growth Rate %
EPS Growth Rate %
EPS - 3 Yr. Growth Rate %
Capital Spending Gr. Rate NaN%
Cap. Spend. - 3 Yr. Gr. Rate NaN%
Financial Strength
Quick Ratio NaN
Current Ratio 0
LT Debt to Equity 0%
Total Debt to Equity 0%
Interest Coverage 0
Management Effectiveness
Return On Assets 29.6%
Ret/ On Assets - 3 Yr. Avg. 7.2%
Return On Total Capital 25.8%
Ret/ On T. Cap. - 3 Yr. Avg. 6.3%
Return On Equity 25.8%
Return On Equity - 3 Yr. Avg. 6.3%
Asset Turnover 0.8
Profitability Ratios
Gross Margin 54.5%
Gross Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 52.4%
EBITDA Margin 27.3%
EBITDA Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 7.4%
Operating Margin 27.3%
Oper. Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 2.6%
Pre-Tax Margin 27.3%
Pre-Tax Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 7.4%
Net Profit Margin 36.4%
Net Profit Margin - 3 Yr. Avg. 5.6%
Effective Tax Rate -33.3%
Eff/ Tax Rate - 3 Yr. Avg. -44.4%
Payout Ratio 0%

SINO stock valuation input parameters

Revenue. Company's revenue (or sales) is always the starting point of any cash flow forecast. In the SINO stock intrinsic value calculation we used $23 million for the last fiscal year's total revenue generated by Sino-Global Shipping America, Ltd.. The default revenue input number comes from 0001 income statement of Sino-Global Shipping America, Ltd.. You may change it if you feel that it should be adjusted for some unusual circumstances that are not expected to be repeated in the future or if you already know (from interim financial statements, for example) that this year's revenue is going to be quite different.

Revenue growth rate. Forecasted future revenue growth rate is the most important input parameter for the intrinsic value calculation. Unlike other input parameters that are reasonably expected to be in line with their historic averages or their historic trends, the revenue growth rate by and large is a wild card: nobody really knows what the company's revenue will be in the future. Of course, the level of unpredictability is different for different industries (utility companies being the most predictable and, thus, less risky).
    We use three input parameters to forecast the revenue growth rate in our SINO stock valuation model: a) initial revenue growth rate of 60% whose default value is the revenue growth rate in the most recent quarter compared to the quarterly revenue a year ago; b) terminal revenue growth rate of 5% whose default value is chosen to be close to the average nominal (i.e. not adjusted for inflation) GDP growth rate; and c) revenue decline factor of 0.9, which stipulates that revenue growth rate in each forecasted year will be equal to the difference of the revenue growth rate in the preceding year and the terminal revenue growth rate multiplied by this revenue decline factor (with the passage of time the revenue growth rate will be approaching the terminal revenue growth rate, but not quite reaching it - though the difference could be infinitesimally small).
    At the revenue decline factor of 1, the future revenue growth rate is forecasted to be constant and equal to the initial revenue growth rate. The smaller the revenue decline factor, the faster the revenue growth rate will approach the terminal revenue growth.

Discount rate. The discount rate is used for determining the present value of future cash flows: future cash flows are "discounted" as at normal conditions (that translate into positive expected return on investment) one dollar today is worth more than the same dollar in the future. Unlike all other valuation models, we use variable discount rate, i.e. it increases for each consecutive year. This is done to account for higher risk of cash flows coming in further in the future.
    The initial discount rate of 4.3%, whose default value for SINO is calculated based on our internal credit rating of Sino-Global Shipping America, Ltd., is applied to the cash flow expected to be received a year from now (well, actually, to be precise, in the financial year following the base year - the last year for which we have financial statements). For each consecutive year the discount rate is multiplied by the discount rate multiplier of 1.05, e.i. each year it increases by 5%. Feel free to change this number to correspond to your level of risk assessment of Sino-Global Shipping America, Ltd..
    By the way, it is easy to set the discount rate to be constant (this would make comparison with other valuation models easier): just set the discount rate multiplier equal to 1 and chose the magnitude of the initial discount rate to your liking.

Variable cost ratio is the ratio of variable costs (i.e. costs that fluctuate with fluctuation of the volume of production) to the revenue expressed as a percentage. In the calculation of intrinsic value of SINO stock the variable cost ratio is equal to 73.9%.

Fixed operating expenses is just that - expenses that are not dependant on the volume of production. They are set to $0 million in the base year in the intrinsic value calculation for SINO stock. These expenses increase with the level of inflation in subsequent years.

Interest rate on debt is the average all-in rate of interest paid by the company on its debt. It is set at 5.4% for Sino-Global Shipping America, Ltd..

Corporate tax rate of 27% is the nominal tax rate for Sino-Global Shipping America, Ltd.. In reality, companies find ways to pay much less taxes than that or not to pay them at all.

Cash flow adjustment could be used for any adjustment the investor deems necessary. Most commonly we use this field to account for stock options-related effects in excess of what is reported on the company's income statement. The cash flow adjustment is expressed as a percentage of the revenue, and in the current valuation of the SINO stock is equal to 0%.

Production assets are the company's assets used for manufacturing products or provision of services. In the valuation model input table they are expressed as a percentage of revenue and for SINO are equal to 2.7%.

Life of production assets of 6.8 years is the average useful life of capital assets used in Sino-Global Shipping America, Ltd. operations. It is used to calculate yearly capital expenditures needed to keep these assets in good order - we call it the maintenance CAPEX.

Working capital is the difference between the company's current assets and liabilities. In the model we use the ratio of working capital to revenue, which for SINO is equal to 37.7%. A negative number means that the company is apt at using financial resources of its suppliers and customers; a large positive number, on the other hand, means that it either provides in-kind financing to others or is not good at managing its inventories.

Book value of equity - $24.348102 million for Sino-Global Shipping America, Ltd. - is used in calculation of the "floor" for intrinsic valuation based on the discounted cash flow (DCF) method. Even if the prospects are very bad for a company, its assets could always be sold now for their current fair market value.

Shares outstanding of 15.242 million for Sino-Global Shipping America, Ltd. is needed to calculate the intrinsic value of one share.

Market capitalization is used here only for reference purposes and as a quick check that the share price and the number of shares outstanding numbers are correct - something especially to be cognizant about at stock splits. So, the market capitalization of Sino-Global Shipping America, Ltd. at the current share price and the inputted number of shares is $0.0 billion.

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